Deputies adopted the document after reviewing nearly two thousand edits.
Rada adopted in the second reading the draft law “On Higher anti-corruption court” (No. 7440), introduced by the President Petro Poroshenko. For the decision voted by 315 MPs.
The law establishes that Higher corruption court is a permanent high specialized court in the system of the judicial system of Ukraine and in Kiev. Territorial jurisdiction (jurisdiction) of the Higher anti-corruption court covers the entire territory of Ukraine.
On 1 March the people’s deputies supported in the first reading the draft law “On Higher anti-corruption court” (No. 7440), introduced by the President Petro Poroshenko. After that, a number of international partners of Ukraine criticized the document and stringent requirements for Kiev. In particular, the IMF said that the project Poroshenko on the anti-corruption court contradicts obligations of Ukraine. The world Bank put forward their demands, warning that the price is $800 million of credit. With criticism of the AP made by the European Union. They said that Poroshenko submitted a bill on corruption court, which is contrary to the promises of Kiev and the recommendations of the Venice Commission.
The stumbling block
Inconsistent one of the most important points in the bill was the provision on the powers of the Public Council of international experts in the election of the judges of this court. A key claim of international partners and public organizations to the bill was the limitation of the role of international experts in an Advisory function in the process of selection and appointment of judges. According to international partners, including the international monetary Fund, the full role of international experts in the appointment of judges is a guarantee of independence of the court and his ability to effectively perform its functions.
The issue price
The creation of an anti-corruption court in accordance with the recommendations of the Venice Commission is one of conditions of continuation of cooperation between Ukraine and the IMF required to settle the country’s external debt in the coming years. According to the expert of the Atlantic Council economist Anders Aslund, the termination of cooperation between Ukraine and the IMF will lead to a significant devaluation of the hryvnia. On June 5, the State Department of the United States of America noted that the law on Higher anti-corruption court in Ukraine shall conform to the requirements of the International monetary Fund and to provide for the selection of qualified judges with the participation of international experts. Finance Minister Alexander Danilyuk said earlier that the failure of the Verkhovna Rada of the law on the anti-corruption court this Thursday, June 7, may postpone the vote in the European Parliament for the provision of 1 billion Euro macro-financial assistance from the European Union for Ukraine.
On 6 June the ambassadors of the countries “the Big seven” (USA, UK, Canada, France, Italy, Germany and Japan) noted that international experts should play a Central role in the election of qualified judges after the establishment of the High court anti-corruption in Ukraine.
“The ambassadors of the “Big seven” urged the Verkhovna Rada to adopt a law for the independent anti-corruption court that will be trusted by the citizens. We believe the expert panel should play a Central role in the election of qualified judges. We support the position of the International monetary Fund on this issue and on the compliance of other key provisions of the law the conditions of the IMF”, – said in a statement.
On 23 may, the Parliament started consideration of the second reading of the bill. Just to it was filed 1927 amendments. Until recently, it remained an inconsistent part of the bill, which dealt with the Public Council of international experts. During most days of the amendments ‘ consideration in the session hall there was a small number of deputies. In particular, at the end of the meeting, it was visually about 50 parliamentarians. For decision-making to a minimum of 226 votes. However, on 6 June, Parliament has completed consideration of amendments to the presidential bill, and after the completion of consideration of amendments in the session hall came Poroshenko.
Prime Minister Vladimir Groisman said that if the law on the corruption court will not be voted, he will retire. “If this court is fair, the independent is not created, I will resign the Prime Minister of Ukraine and resign,” – said Groisman.
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