The President of Russia Vladimir Putin has approved the idea to extend to the whole of Russia practice of collection of taxes from self-employed. He said this at a meeting with government members on Monday.
Experiment on removal from the shadow of millions of Russians providing services, not listing a single penny to the budget in General has shown “good results”, said Putin, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.
According to the Federal tax service, 260 thousand people in January-October were registered in the new status in the four regions selected for the pilot (Moscow, Moscow oblast, Tatarstan and Kaluga region). Now they pay tax at a rate of 4% on income received from individuals, and 6% – on income from legal entities.
About half are new taxpayers, reported to Putin, the Finance Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Anton Siluanov: 18,7% are engaged in transportation of passengers, 7% provide services for construction, 10% rent the property.
“These are the people who have decided for themselves that they will work “in the white” and, consequently, to enjoy all the benefits and get the necessary support, not to have problems with the regulatory authorities,” – said Siluanov, adding that offers to “give the right to spread this regime all the subjects of the Russian Federation”.
This issue was discussed with the business community, supported by Deputy Prime Minister Medvedev.
“They also believe that the results are very good, and I suggest in that order, as now reported, first Deputy Chairman of the government, this experiment to turn into a General rule. So that we can withdraw”, he said, without specifying who and where.
“Okay, agreed,” responded Putin (quoted by the Kremlin website).
According to Rosstat, at the end of 2018 in the informal economy, out of reach of the tax control, worked 14.6 million Russians – 20.1% of the working population older than 15 years.
These people receive a giant shadow income in the amount of from 15% to 21% of GDP, complained in July, Deputy Prime Minister Tatiana Golikova. As a result, state funds – social, health and pension insurance – lose 2.3 trillion rubles a year.
The same money the government expects regional budgets are responsible for half of the spending on national projects designed to overcome poverty and to pull the country out of stagnation.
According to the budget forecast of the Ministry of Finance, by 2036 fees personal income tax is expected to grow by 70% in nominal terms and 10% in relative – from 3.5% to 3.8% of GDP.
Those who refuse to declare the shadow income, will fall under the scope of FTS. It 2020 will be a unified register of the population.
It will include, name, surname and patronymic; the types, number, and other information about the identity documents; INN; data on UI; the data registration in the Pension Fund and obligatory health insurance Fund; details of the employment services and on education and training (including the number of diplomas, certificates etc); a full list of information from the system of public services and Registrar, including not only the current family situation, but all previous marriages and divorces and other changes in civil status.
A bill to create a database on citizens in September was adopted in first reading by the state Duma. The registry “will provide transition to a qualitatively new level of calculation and distribution of taxes to incomes of physical persons”, reads the explanatory note to the document.
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