The Lodz ghetto in Poland – one of the worst places-evidence of human cruelty.
It was organized by the Nazis in February 1940, here he served his sentence mainly Jews and Gypsies, working on the needs of the Wehrmacht. Recently hosted a presentation of works by Polish photographer Henryk Ross (Henryk Ross), who served in the Department of statistics at the Judenrat. In his pictures the life of the Lodz ghetto during the Nazi occupation.
Photo identification cards the Department of statistics.
At the beginning of the Second world war in Poland were more than 3 million Jews. The fate of most of them tragic, they lived in isolation, becoming slaves of the invaders, many were driven to concentration camps. Ross has worked as a sports photojournalist before the war, with the Nazis it together with another 160 thousand Jews imprisoned in the Lodz ghetto. The population density reached 40 thousand people per square kilometer. The historic district of Lodz, the Nazis turned into an industrial complex that carried out the orders of the Wehrmacht, supplying the German army.
The mass deportation of Jews.
Winter deportation. In the picture – women and children.
The pictures of Ross – the scene of mass deportations of Jews to the death camps of chełmno and Auschwitz, rare moments of joy in days of national holidays, weekdays prisoners. These photos were taken informally in 1940-1944 years, safely tucked away during the liquidation of the ghetto. The author hoped that in the future these pictures will serve as important evidence of Nazi atrocities in the Lodz.
Archival photographs from the Lodz ghetto, Henrik Ross.
Children are sent to the death camp.
Utensils left in the ghetto Jews deported to the death camps.
Men handed out bread.
Ross told me that to work in the Judenrat gave him the camera so he was able to do not only the images required for a statistical division, but to take to the streets to capture the present state of Affairs. He was well aware that in the case of these pictures him and his family faces a painful death, but continued his occupation out of a sense of civic duty.
Entrance to the ghetto is forbidden.
A smiling child.
A woman with a child, the wife of a policeman in the ghetto.
Assistant to Ross was his wife Stephanie, she hid the camera her husband when they went outside. At the right moment she took out the camera to Ross, making sure no one is watching. Openly was dangerous, for example, photos of the deportation of Jews was made through a small hole in the wall at the train station.
A woman feeds a child in an orphanage.
A Jewish girl.
The images were securely buried Ross in 1944 in Lodz, to get them after the victory in 1945, when Poland was liberated by Soviet troops. More than half of the photos were irretrievably lost because of the humidity, but the rest managed to save. All of Lazenskeho inmates of the ghetto managed to survive only 844 people.
Man rescues the Torah from the destroyed synagogue.
Today photographs have become evidence of the scale of genocide in human history, shown at the Museum of art of Boston.
A Jewish boy in search of food.
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