Empty wagons were filled with railway siding: a number of abandoned, temporarily left without air traffic controllers of train movement on the network of Russian Railways has reached a historic high of 1,246 in the day. These totals are for the year 2019 are twice the average downtime in the years 2014-2018.
In the coming year, the industry situation is only getting worse: according to the newspaper “Kommersant” referring to a source in RZD, now we are talking about a simple daily average of about 1,800 trains, whereas last year the maximum was 1685.
It is possible that even the time comes, the situation will change and, as sung in the famous song, “the car will start…”. But while this seems like an overly optimistic final unfolding of the drama of the train: wagons, not involved in the transport, exceeded in January, more than 290 million, which resulted in slower turnover of the car is 5.2 days compared to January 2019.
Monopoly the situation is explained by the imbalance of technological processes in the holding, ongoing first year.
“The production of unwanted cars breaking records — by bringing in state money — said the source “Kommersant”. — All this is happening at default adopted a year ago, long-term development program of JSC Russian Railways, disrupting the timing of modernization of BAM and Transsib and the unfavorable world market prices for General cargo Railways.”
But then we should talk about imbalance rather than technological, and managerial processes. And not only inside the company, because, we must not forget, the Railways — part of the economy.
And well-being of students depends on the economic situation in the country. Rails Railways — almost the main artery of the economy. And when the country is falling production, reduced turnover, it is, as in the mirror immediately reflected in the statistics of the railway monopoly.
So, in January recorded a decrease of 5% in the volume of freight transport (5.4 million tons). The main component of this decline — the most popular cargo — coal, has traditionally been a driver for rail transport. But most importantly, as noted by “SP”, coal is the most abundant and cheapest energy resource, volume of use characterize the health of most sectors of the economy. And at the end of last year industrial growth in the country slowed down in rates from 2.9% (2018) to 2.4%.
Therefore, the losses caused by the decline in the carriage of General cargo, wine managers from monopoly — indirect. But this logic doesn’t work when the top management of Russian Railways explains a simple train with overproduction of new cars. Well, let them car manufacturing company hit record, why the railroad spent on the purchase of new rolling stock, driving into dead ends its not released on time and are quite suitable for further use cars?
So may ask the guy who just born yesterday. And who just lives longer, he knows that the planned economy of the Soviet period is now reformatted in the economy with manual control. And another very big question — which is worse for the country.
And here, suffocating from an overabundance of cars, the railroad soon will have to buy a new party: the amendments to the budget of the Ministry of industry and trade in 2020 proposes to give a subsidy 950 million rubles for the purchase of rolling stock. And this is not the first time — thus, the state first revived the railcar industry, and then continued to actively promote its further development. And like the Railways helps to update the rolling stock, subsidizing the purchase of cars. No longer needed.
Here’s what you need, and almost in the first place — the accelerated expansion of the Eastern range — the Baikal-Amur mainline and TRANS-Siberian railway, which is necessary for the Railways, mostly to offset losses caused by falling demand for coal in Europe. This state monopoly has developed a plan for accelerated modernization of their networks, making a list of 212 priority areas where we need to build additional tracks and expand the station to increase its passenger capacity of these two lines to the sea ports and border crossings of the Far East. Then, very likely, and railway sidings are empty.
But, as expected, accelerated modernization did not happen. The planned deadlines are constantly broke, which was noted by the audit chamber of the Russian Federation. The extreme, of course, was negligent contractors. And those who hired them, of course, like water off a duck.
And then at the end of last year, the government slowed down the project: the allocation of money from the national welfare Fund (NWF) to upgrade the Baikal-Amur and TRANS-Siberian Railways, which need the railroad, was postponed to 2020, as previously provided in this amount to reduce by half to 19.5 billion rubles.
It is clear that the management of the Russian railway state monopoly operates in the mode of constant struggle with the consequences of all kinds of collapses. Unlike, for example, colleagues from the USA, where the rail freight market one problem — the high level of competition.
Where there is a need for transportation, U.S. investors to invest in Railways, constructed almost in parallel in the same direction. According to the newspaper “Vedomosti”, in the whole field of passenger transport, the US can be considered public, and the railway freight transport — completely private. The pursuit of businessmen for profits leads to such things when one city is served by two or three railroads, leading the fight for customers. Probably because of this confusion railroad is considered one of the most efficient in the economic sense of these transport systems.
Intensive development of the railway network in the EU — in the context of public-private partnerships. In Europe the Railways are recognized as a key tool in solving problems associated with the growing demand, congestion, the saving of energy and reduction of CO2 emissions.
According to the transport and logistics company ASSTRA, the aim of the EU — by 2030, to achieve the carriage of goods the share of 30%, attributable to the railroad. Therefore, a multimillion-dollar investment in the creation of terminal complexes and modernization of traffic control. It is unlikely that there is a crisis: across Europe, building a network of connections that facilitate the transport of goods from West to East, from North to South and back.
Maybe offer to Europeans to purchase Russian cars, idle in sidings? Probably take it, but at the price of scrap…
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