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Physicians are reminded, what kind of lifestyle is bad for the heart

Медики напомнили, какой образ жизни вреден для сердцаThe more time you spend immobile, the greater the chance of making damage to the heart muscle.

Those who sit a day 9-10 hours (which is most employees), you’re at risk for diabetes and heart problems. And the risk is hardly reduced even if you exercise. To such conclusions scientists have come.

Immobility has long linked with heart failure. In this disease the heart gradually weakens and can not pump sufficient blood. As a result, in cells not receiving enough oxygen.

To understand how a sedentary lifestyle is associated with heart disease, cardiologists from the Medical center of the University of Texas investigated proteins troponin. It is a marker of myocardial damage: for example, a huge amount of troponin released into the blood during a heart attack.

Even slightly elevated levels of these proteins raises concerns of cardiologists, if a long time is reduced. A chronically elevated level indicates damage to the heart muscle. If nothing is done, can develop heart failure. Cardiologist Philip Kuzmenko told about how dangerous she is, according to the health info with reference to “Lifehacker”.

Chronic heart failure seriously reduces the quality (people have shortness of breath and swelling in the legs) and life expectancy. Without eliminating the cause of CHF, the outcome is almost always the foregone conclusion is sudden death.

The researchers analyzed the results of a large cardiology research. They considered cardiogram, blood tests and data activity trackers more than 1 700 healthy participants. Special attention was paid to the level of troponin in the blood and indications of activity trackers.

It turned out, many participants sit for more than 10 hours a day and rarely do sports. Mainly their physical activity limited to walking. They have also noted elevated levels of troponin. Of course, it was much lower than during a heart attack, but nevertheless it signals a latent myocardial damage.

The researchers tested other factors that could affect levels of troponin: age, gender, body mass index, condition of the heart. But the relationship with fixed ways of life have been expressed most strongly.

All body systems are sharpened by physical activity, because our ancestors did not sit in the office and run after the prey or they do not become prey. So a sedentary job is a major risk factor for heart disease and, as a consequence, chronic heart failure.

Scientists can not yet explain exactly how a sedentary lifestyle is harmful to muscle cells of the heart. According to the head of the study, cardiologist James de Lemos (James de Lemos), it affects the heart indirectly. “Immobility is associated with obesity, diabetes and deposition of fat on the heart. All of this can lead to damage of the heart muscle,” he says.

And not only is it important to sit less, but to move more. Although a significant effect of sports on level of troponin is not found, de Lemos advises to move as much as possible. Walking up and down the stairs, leave the car at the far edge of the Parking lot, conduct meetings standing up or on the go.

The person who works in the office, you must: at least 2 hours a day to walk; every hour during the working day to get up from the table and make a 3-5-minute warm-up (squats, body rotation, stretching); to carry out cardio (in the absence of contraindications) 3-4 times a week.

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