Also Machu Picchu is often called “city in the sky” or “city among the clouds”, sometimes called the “lost city of the Incas”.
At the height of 2450 meters above sea level, took refuge recognized wonder of the world — the city of Machu Picchu, located on a mountain ridge of the Andes in Peru.
The town was built in mid XV century by order of the ninth ruler of the Inca Empire Pachacuti Yupanqui. On its territory there are about 200 structures among the terraces overlooking the valley of the Urubamba river. After the death of the Supreme Incas here were children of the nobility, who studied astronomy and other Sciences. For scientists it remains a mystery why the locals had left town. It is only known that it happened during the invasion of the Spanish colonizers.
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