The Russian company towns proposed to condense, and thus to reduce their maintenance costs. Write about this “Izvestia”, citing experts who participate in the development of the government of the unified model for spatial optimization of cities with a clear outflow. On the spot resettled houses proposed to create a green area and released as a result of saving funds on the modernization of public utilities.
Now in cities with complex economic situation of apartment houses, particularly in remote areas, often remain virtually empty. However, they have not been abandoned completely, they continue to live one or more families. This saves the cost of maintaining the house and utilities, to which it is attached. This affects not only local budgets, but also the inhabitants: in cities with a complex situation is often a high level of utility tariffs for the population, explained by the “Izvestia” Dmitry Zemlyanskiy — Chairman of the Council for study of productive forces, Russian Academy of foreign trade .
Based on the discussed common model, which, as stated now, will be used by mono optional planned to take the practice of so-called controlled compression. This is when the housing accommodated, reducing the size of the population and reducing the cost of its maintenance, leads edition of the words of Paul Sklanka, Executive Secretary of the expert Council for the sustainable development of single-industry towns under the state Duma Committee on economic policy. He believes that to solve this problem, residents of the abandoned outlying districts should move to the center or in areas with higher quality housing, areas with settled houses gradually disconnected from communications.
In the future, in their place, you can create green zones or public space. Experts call it a “renovation in reverse.”
The released funds can be spent on modernization of utilities. According to the estimates of Sklanka, expenditures of local budgets can be reduced by 20-30%. However, the amount will depend on the situation in a particular city. Experts say that in Russia there are good examples of such a policy: the town of Kizel of Perm Krai and urban district of Vorkuta in the Komi Republic. In 1991, in Vorkuta were 13 coal mines and lived 219 thousand people, and now there were only four seats of coal mining and the city’s population is only about 75 thousand people. Due to the outflow of the population in Vorkuta currently empty 5 thousand municipal apartments, which authorities, to the extent possible used in the program of resettlement of remote villages.
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