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NASA has named the next after Mars, the target for colonization

В NASA назвали следующую после Марса цель для колонизацииThe next potential home for a man can become the satellites of Jupiter and Saturn.

“In addition to Mars, the next potential home for a man can become the satellites of Jupiter and Saturn. There are many options among them, but the winner is obvious. Titan is the most Earth-like celestial body,” the scientists say.

Titan, other than Land, is the only place in the Solar system that has liquid but consisting not of water but of hydrocarbons of the lake. Unlike Mars, the moon of Saturn has a dense atmosphere of 95% composed of nitrogen. This, as well as the magnetic field of a gas giant allows you to protect located on the surface of the satellite body from cosmic radiation.

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The atmospheric pressure at the surface of the satellite is 1.5 times more than on Earth, which allows to simplify the device suit for potential colonizers and comfortable, compared to Mars feel on Saturn. The presence of hydrocarbons and water ice in the depths of the Titan will allow not to worry about rocket fuel. As material for the construction of houses Hendricks suggests using a plastic.

Impediments to colonization scientists see low temperatures on Titan, which on its surface is estimated at minus 180 degrees Celsius, and a large distance to the ground, the flight from it to Titanium modern means will take seven years.

Mercury, scientists do not consider suitable for colonization due to high radiation and extreme temperatures. Venus, in their opinion, is also not good to build a permanent settlement. The reason for this is the huge atmospheric pressure is 93 times greater than earth’s, and about 460 degrees Celsius temperature.

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Disadvantages of Mars scientists see the sparse atmosphere, high radiation hazard and the limitations associated with resources.

Titan — the largest of the 62 moons of Saturn. It is almost two times larger than the moon in diameter and almost twice the mass. In the atmosphere of Titan is dominated by nitrogen impurities methane, forming clouds. January 14, 2005 on the moon’s surface landed the Huygens probe, previously (25 December 2004) separated from the parent station to Cassini.

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