Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality in Ukraine, especially among men.
This was reported in the Ministry of health.
To heart include diseases such as coronary heart disease (heart attacks), stroke, high blood pressure (hypertension), peripheral artery disease, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease and heart failure.
The most common cause of such disease is our own behavior and people’s habits: Smoking, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and excess alcohol. Changing this behavior, it is possible to significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Doctors give advice of cardiologists, to help keep heart health.
1. Quit Smoking
Smoking is one of the main causes of cardiovascular diseases. Within 2 years after quitting tobacco significantly reduces the risk of coronary heart disease. And after 15 years risk of coronary heart disease is reduced to the level of nonsmokers. Passive Smoking is also harmful for heart health.
2. Be active
Regular physical activity reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. Doctors recommend to dedicate at least 30 minutes of physical activity 5 times a week. These include play, walking, housework, dancing. Try to be more active during the day you can climb instead of the Elevator, to walk, to go for Bicycle instead of a car. To draw lessons family and friends. You can download the application for training and monitor their progress. However, before exercise, consult your doctor.
3. Watch your weight
Obesity increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
4. Follow a balanced, healthy diet
It is recommended to eat less foods high in saturated fat that can raise cholesterol levels in the blood. Try to eat fish twice a week is a great source of omega-3 fatty acids, very good for the heart. To blood pressure was normal, eat less salt – add less salt when cooking and not desalinate dishes at the table.
5. Eat wholegrain bread, cereal whole grains.
Eat lots of vegetables and fruits. Buying products in the store, pay attention to information about calories, fat, sugar and salt. Drink less alcohol because it is high in calories and excessive consumption increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
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