The knights Templar — the order of mystics or mystical Church organization. Orthodox at first, the Templars eventually became Gnosticism and the occult and dip in trade and usury. Defunct order of interest is the fact that not only left a deep mark in history, but also turned existing to this day Freemasonry.
About the Templars written mountains of books, nice and just good. But anyone who wants to study the history of any question in our time is beset by two misfortunes: when the information is not enough or when too much. When data are missing, it’s like that to swim in the pool without water or a shallow puddle. When the water of the sea, not being able to stay on the water, can drown. The knights Templar — the second case. There is a risk of drowning — the story sucks as excellent whirlpool.
First, when talking about the military-religious orders of the middle Ages, often do not differentiate between the Templars, Hospitallers, Teutonic knights, knights of the Holy Sepulchre, of Rhodes, of Malta, Calatrava and others. Some of these formations (the order of the sword) is rapidly flashed in history and disappeared, others, like the order of Malta, successfully survived to the present day. Unlike the Hospitallers and the Teutonic (German) order, the Templars existed for a relatively short time — about two centuries.
Accurate information about the date of the founding of the order of the Temple (Ordre du Temple) historians have. He appeared in the period from 1118 at 1121. However, some researchers tend to call for specific dates, particularly the year when they came to the Cathedral in Troyes, endorsing the desire of nine French knights to devote themselves to the protection of pilgrims in the Holy Land. “The poor knights of Christ” under the leadership of a nobleman from champagne, Hugues de Paina (Hugo de Paganis or Hugues de Payns), about which almost nothing is known except that he was no longer young, have dedicated themselves to serving pilgrims.
However, eternal and indestructible tribe of bureaucrats has always existed and is a “small enterprise” nine knights would not be registered, if on the horizon there was the figure of another Hugo, the count Hugh of Champagne (Hugues Ier de Champagne). This illustrious nobleman, according to some historians, could well bridge the gap between its namesake and Saint Bernard of Clairvaux (Bernard de Clairvaux), Abbot of the Cistercian monastery. So, in the way of not yet existing order appears first in the annals of mystic.
Despite their love of seclusion, the Abbot of Clairvaux was engaged in public Affairs without fear or conscience. He took an active part in solving political and religious problems in Western Europe. And although St. Bernard, apparently, was not the author of the Charter of the knights Templar, probably he was inspired by them, since the statutes of the Cistercians and Templars have a certain similarity.
But from the pen of St. Bernard came out kind of apology to the knights Templar. In Latin it is called “in Praise of the new army of the Temple,” which compares God’s army with the knights and welcomed the entry into the ranks of the Templars of atheists, blasphemers, adulterers, murderers, perjurers and all sorts of villains. Some of the researchers came to the assumption that as a model for their works of St. Bernard, took the Qur’an: there is a call for a Holy war. However, the Abbot of Cluny, Peter the Venerable sent Saint Bernard, the Latin translation of the Koran and the history of Mohammed only in 1143, so their content was hardly known to the Abbot of Clairvaux in 1128, when he was writing “the praise of the” knights of the Temple.
For lack of time, we will not dwell on is full of mystical symbols and allusions templarskych signs. There’s only so much black-and-white banner of the Templars Beaus? ant! Its meaning, symbolism and translation are still being debated. Ambiguously interpreted image of two knights on one steed. The stumbling block in disputes of learned men became the Charter itself: it is written in two languages, the French version softens the rigors of Latin until the distortion of the content.
Long before the end of the era of the Crusades and the return of the Templars to Europe, the order has undergone metamorphosis, and increasingly from the monastic order, first in military and then in a financial institution. The Holy place of the mystics were filled with businessmen and hucksters. Outwardly there were no signs of the beginning of the end, but something disappeared, as if someone had removed from the order of the Temple of his rod.
On the trial of the Templars sounded suspicion the true integrity of one of the last great masters in the East — Tom Berard (Thomas Bérard, or Béraud or Bérault): “the Order of the Temple was corrupted in his masterstvo”.
Even if we consider that the French monarch, Philip the fair sought at any cost to destroy the order of the Temple and its followers, it is difficult to escape the conclusion that his obedient servants just came up with a lot of shocking stories about the service of the demon Baphomet, and spitting on the crucifix, flourished among the brethren homosexuality and relations with the Ismaili order of the assassins-assassins. It seemed that the once-powerful members of the order affected all imaginable and unimaginable evils.
Just as at the birth of the knights Templar was a mystic will appear and it is at its sunset. The last Grand master of the order of the Temple, Jacques de Molay (Jacques de Molay) perished at the stake March 18, 1314. In the face of death, torture, tortured man broke the curse, thrown into the face of the executioners. The head of the order of moneylenders seemed to remember about his predecessors-mystics and sight, foretelling impending death of Pope Clement V and king Philip IV.
Even though this is just a legend, but both really soon died. Moreover, the ashes of the Roman Pontiff was blown away in 1577, when the papal mausoleum was desecrated by the Calvinists, and the remains of the French monarch of the Capetian dynasty dug up and threw away the Parisians during the French revolution five hundred years later.
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