Such cases are very rare.
Mass hysteria is the common term used to describe a situation in which different people suffer from similar hysterical symptoms due to a phantom illness or an inexplicable event. The history of several similar cases, which will be discussed in this review.
1. The Mumbai sweet water
“Mumbai sweet seawater” – the 2006 incident, during which residents of Mumbai claimed that the water at Mahim Creek, one of the most polluted rivers in India that flow each day thousands of tons of untreated sewage and industrial wastes, has suddenly become “sweet”. After a few hours, residents of Gujarat began to claim that sea water on the beach Tithal became fresh and sweet. Local authorities, fearing the possibility of a serious outbreak of water-borne diseases such as gastroenteritis, were forbidden to drink the muddy water, but the Indians did not stop. The next day the water turned salty again.
2. The epidemic of laughter in Tanganyika
The epidemic of laughter in Tanganyika in 1962 was an outbreak of mass hysteria, believed to have started near the village of Kashasha on the Western coast of lake Victoria (present-day Tanzania). It is possible that the beginning of the incident was some kind of joke at the local boarding school, which made a small group of students to start laughing. Eventually, the laughter turned into a real epidemic – a week giggling already Pascoli, and after a month it had to close on quarantine. The children were distributed to other schools, which soon also began the epidemic of uncontrolled laughter, affecting thousands of people. Through 6-18 months (in different areas) epidemic just as mysteriously as it had begun, was gone.
3. The Hindu milk miracle
This phenomenon, which is considered by many Hindus as a miracle, occurred on 21 September 1995. Before dawn, a Hindu temple in South new Delhi suggested that the statue of Lord Ganesha tribute in the form of a spoon with milk. Suddenly, the milk disappeared from the spoon, as if the idol drank it. The news spread quickly and by mid-morning it was found that statues of the entire Hindu Pantheon in temples all over Northern India are drinking milk, and “accept” it in incredible quantities. In early October, everything stopped.
4. Epidemic beetles
In 1962, in the sewing Department of the American textile mill broke out the mysterious disease. Her symptoms included numbness, nausea, dizziness and vomiting. Quickly began to spread rumors that the disease is transferred by some mysterious “may bugs” that bite employees at the factory. Soon, a mysterious disease appeared in 62 employees, some of whom were hospitalized. On this case started to write the media. After research conducted by the doctors company and by the Department of public health center for infectious diseases, USA, was concluded that the case is a mass hysteria because there was no evidence of biting bugs.
5. Hysteria soap Opera
“Morangos com Açúcar” in Portuguese soap Opera about the adventures of typical Portuguese youths, which is very popular among children and adolescents. In may 2006, in Portuguese schools, there was an outbreak of “Morangos com Açúcar virus”. 300 or more students at 14 schools reported symptoms similar to those experienced by the characters in a recent episode. To they included rashes, difficulty breathing and dizziness. As a result, some schools were forced to close. The Portuguese national Institute of medicine in the end said that it is not a disease, and mass hysteria.
6. Toxic lady
Gloria Ramirez from riverside, California was nicknamed “the toxic lady” in the media after her body and blood has had a negative impact on several hospital workers. She was taken to the hospital in 1994 due to the effects of cervical cancer. Medical staff who were present during the inspection, began to feel badly and in the end, fainted. Gloria’s body exuded garlic and fruity smell, and her blood contained flecks of a strange material similar to paper. The strangest thing about this case is that all the victims from Gloria later had normal results of blood tests.
7. War of the worlds
“War worlds” episode American radiodrama, which first aired on the Columbia Broadcasting System on Halloween October 30, 1938. Listeners who included radio from the very beginning of the plays, took the play set Mercury Theatre on the Air under the direction of Orson Welles (based on the novel of Herbert wells “war of the worlds”) for the truth and panicked. In the end, all of US began trying to evacuate, mass hysteria, and even in some areas martial law was imposed.
8. Monkey man of Delhi
In may 2001, the Indian capital new Delhi have started to appear multiple evidence of meetings with the strange APE-like creature that appeared at night and attacked people. Testimony was often contradictory, but usually described being about 120 cm tall, covered with thick black hair, with a metal helmet, metal claws, glowing red eyes and three buttons on the chest. More than 15 people suffered from bruises, bites and scratches.
9. Panic with penises
In the case of this mass hysteria men suddenly experience the belief that their genitals become smaller or disappear completely. Panic with penises have been observed worldwide, especially in Africa and Asia. Local beliefs in many instances assert that such physical changes often result in death. It becomes increasingly clear that these forms of mass hysteria are more common than previously thought. Often injuries occur when people panicked resort to using needles, hooks, fishing line and thread to “prevent the disappearance of their penises.”
10. Plague dance
The plague of 1518 – the sudden outbreak of uncontrolled dancing in Strasbourg, France (then part of the Holy Roman Empire). Many people danced in the street for several days without rest. Dancing plague outbreak began in July 1518, when Frau Trofea no reason, no reason at all not provocatively started to dance in the street in Strasbourg. This lasted somewhere between four to six days. During the week it was joined by another 34 people, and within a month was observed for about 400 dancers. Most of these people eventually died from heart attack, stroke or exhaustion.
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