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Mutations that lead to confusion even doctors. Photo

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. ФотоHow to save from them of humanity, modern medicine does not know yet.

Despite the success of humanity in genetics, secrets of our genes are all still not fully disclosed by science.

The question of why genes occur in these or other mutations is not yet a final and unequivocal answer. At least, mutations, which now will be discussed, is still far from explanation, and how to save them from mankind, modern medicine does not know yet.

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1. Tailed

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

Since high school biology class we know that the coccyx is a vestigial tail left over from our simian ancestors. However, occasionally people are born with a real tail! This happens only once in several million births but every such case is a shock for parents and physicians as reasons for the appearance of tails in humans medicine does not know yet.

2. Progeria

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

Progeria accelerated aging process, another unsolved mystery of the genetic faults of man. People with this diagnosis in 50% of cases not live up to a year, and 16 years in the state of their body as the centenary of man. In the end, even the lucky ones who survived the first year, closer to 18 years in die from old age, and doctors are not able to help them.

3. Syndrome Uner Tan

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

This disease is named after him who first described the Turkish evolutionary biologist Uner tan. Patients in their habits are more like monkeys than people. They walk on all fours, have extremely weak intelligence, and communication cost by a small set of primitive sounds and words. Moreover, this condition does not step back on the ladder of evolution, but only a genetic malfunction in a particular organism. The syndrome is very rare, but those who are not lucky, no hope: drugs against him there.

4. Hypertrichosis

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

Hypertrichosis, or syndrome of Arras, manifested in uncontrolled hair growth all over the body. The frequency of occurrence is very small, approximately one case per million births. This is not a fatal disease, but living with him is extremely difficult. Previously, patients with hypertrichosis readily performed in circuses for another way to feed them. Today they spend most part of my life to prove to others that they were no worse than ordinary healthy people.

5. Epidermodysplasia

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

Epidermodysplasia sometimes called generalized borodavchenko, and this title fully describes the problem with the disease. As a rule, such patients have a weakened immune system, due to which the body becomes an easy prey to chronic diseases, including HPV. In a weakened organism the virus manifests itself is very active, and the skin of the patient completely covered with warts, which do not let him even move! Surgical treatment helps the sick only for a short time, other ways to get rid of the disease does not exist.

6. A Syndrome Of Lesha-Nihana

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

This disease very similar to gout, however, if the gout mainly affects the elderly, a syndrome of Lesha-Nihana applies only to children and adolescents, and male. Around their joints begins to form a sort of box full of salts and fluid. In the end, every movement causes unbearable pain. Not so long ago doctors have found that the causes of disease lie in the lack of the enzyme HGPRT. But how to fill the science is unclear.

7. The from ectrodactyly

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

Suffering from ectrodactyly is missing one or more fingers or toes. Due to improper development of the bones of the remaining toes resemble claws sea monsters. To return such people to normal appearance doctors not.However, to live inside of it.

8. Proteus Syndrome

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

Proteus syndrome is an extremely rare genetic disease in which the patient is accelerated growth of skin cells and bones. The disease may affect only part of the body (usually the leg) or, in rare cases, the entire body. The symptoms of Proteus from the first months of life. Patients have to constantly be subjected to constant medical procedures and surgeries to get the opportunity to learn to stand on their own feet. What causes the disease is unknown, but recently Australian scientists have created a drug that, according to the results of preliminary studies, is able to stop the painful tissue growth. Although suffering from Proteus syndrome in the world only 120 people, this news gives them hope.

9. Trimethylaminuria

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

How much suffering this disease nor was taking a shower, his body will still smell a little nicer dump on a hot day. Treatment and hygiene are not effective, because trimethylaminuria the problem is only genetic. And, unfortunately, today incurable.

10. Marfan Syndrome

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

Patients with Marfan syndrome look horribly skinny and all because of the growth of their limbs is much faster growth in other parts of the body. But if the disease affects only the appearance, it would be so bad. The uncontrolled growth of hands and feet causing severe pain, and patients sometimes even have to apply special dressings to reduce their suffering. Other ways to alleviate the patient’s condition does not yet exist.

11. Heterochromia

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

Heterochromia is a strange anomaly, but do not hinder to live a full life. It is expressed only in different color of the eyes of the patient. Other manifestations she is not, and the differences in eye color is not even affected and stellar career. So, the heterochromia was David Bowie, it has Hollywood actress Mila kunis.

12. Cystic fibrosis

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

Cystic fibrosis a disease that affects, primarily, the patient’s lungs. They accumulate fluid, leading to problems with breathing, and with the development of the disease and with immunity in General. The disease inevitably leads to early death from respiratory distress or bacterial infection, almost never patients with cystic fibrosis do not live to adulthood. How to predict and prevent its occurrence, medicine doesn’t know.

13. Red hair

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

Red hair, oddly enough, is also strange and unusual genetic mutation, which affects about 2% of the population. Fortunately, no problems for life, health and safety of the person they represent of course, in addition to the danger of becoming a perpetual victim teasers: red-Red-freckled, killed his grandfather with a shovel.

14. The Disease Tay-Sachs

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

Those suffering from this genetic disease gradually failing nervous system, and her physical and mental capabilities. The disease begins with the birth of a child, while the symptoms are on the rise. Around seven months, they are already becoming noticeable. Gradually the child loses sight and hearing, then the ability to swallow. Children with this disease rarely reach the age of four. In rare cases, the disease manifests in adolescence.

15. Severe combined immunodeficiency

Мутации, которые приводят в недоумение даже врачей. Фото

This disease is sometimes called the syndrome of the boy in the bubble, in memory of the first studied patient who has lived his entire life in a sterile plastic cocoon. Such patients have virtually no working immune system and any infection could end for them with death. The origin of the disease are not yet fully understood, but doctors already have drugs that are able to extend the life of such patients and even make it more tolerable.

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