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Muscle cramps: causes and treatment

Судороги мышц: причины и лечениеAt any age with convulsions, you need to fight, because they reduce the quality of life.

Cramps or muscle spasms occur when one or several muscle involuntarily reduced.

We usually say that we “brought up” or something like that. When the muscles cannot relax, people feel discomfort and pain, sometimes very strong.

Generally cramps occur in the back of the leg (calf or thigh), but occur also in the feet, hands and other muscle groups of our body.

Those who are often faced with this unpleasant feeling, I know that cramps suddenly occur, stifle the movement, and just as spontaneously disappear within a few minutes.

However, someone discomfort persists for several hours or even more. The tense muscle relaxes, but not completely.

And although this is not the most serious health problem, which can be, many people are still trying to find a solution to it as quickly as possible to alleviate their condition, so the seizures did not violate their plans. Don’t let good rest, do not disturb or sleep is not disrupted for some important event in the course of the working day.

It is important to find out what are the causes of seizures and what steps you can take without resorting to medical treatment.

The experts gave several recommendations and practical advice on how to act.

Seizures: their causes

There are many factors that contribute to the appearance of muscle spasms, or seizures. Physical overexertion, pregnancy, age are just a few of them.

In most cases, this is due to the fact that the body breaks down the process of oxygenation (saturation of muscle cells with oxygen) or because the body lacks moisture, proteins and mineral salts.

The diet with low content of potassium and magnesium also contributes to this unpleasant condition. Both of these mineral simultaneously strengthen and relax muscles, they also promote good blood circulation.

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Among the less common causes of seizures can be identified some diseases (especially those associated with the digestive system) and poisoning.

And some scientists are even talking about a biomechanical inefficiency that increases the risks of cardiovascular diseases.

What you need to do to rid yourself of muscle spasms?

Of course, it is better to prevent this phenomenon, than to try to deal with it. Prevention is always better the treatment. But if you fail to avoid cramps, there are a few home solutions.

To increase water consumption

Consumption enough water is equally important and for the treatment of muscle spasms and prevention. Water helps to activate blood circulation and improves oxygen supply to the cells.

To fill the loss of fluid is well suited and special “sports” drinks, especially when you have intense training, great physical exertion, or just too hot outside.

These drinks is recommended for professional athletes, who then lose a significant amount of body moisture and minerals.

To make compresses, alternating “hot-cold”

Hot packs help to relax muscles if they drove a spasm or they are too tense.

Cold, in turn, ideal to stimulate the circulation, when the discomfort is already over.

To perform stretching exercises

Exercises to increase body flexibility (or stretching exercises) are one of the best ways how to cure and prevent muscle spasms and cramps. They are effective for any part of the body.

So by performing your usual exercise, do not forget about them, you should definitely finish your session with stretching.

It activates the Central nervous system and contributes to the formation of a greater number of inhibitory signals in order to soothe the pain.

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Loosen clothing

At the first sign of cramps it is important to loosen the clothing, to the muscle more room to “maneuver”.

Too tight and compressing clothing prevents the normal blood circulation and does not quickly get rid of the pain.

Take care of your diet

If cramps become an integral part of your life and you to them is almost used, you may have to slightly revise your diet and to pay attention to the nutritional value of food consumed.

Make sure that your body has enough of such substances as:

The Vitamin B12.
Folic acid.
Niacin.
Vitamin E.
Calcium.
Magnesium
Potassium.
Iron.

Apply olive oil

When you feel that you have the foot cramp and the pain is very strong, pour yourself on the palm a small amount of olive oil and massage gently affected with spasm of the plot, pressing down with fingertips and stretching the tense muscle.

Take a warm bath

If cramping interferes with your rest and reduce the quality of sleep, it is best to take the appropriate measures before you go to bed.

To do this, pour into the tub with warm water and soak in it for a while. This will improve the blood circulation in the extremities and minimize the risk of muscle spasms.

In conclusion, it should be noted that if all of the above methods have not given desired result, and seizures continue to torment you, it is best to seek the advice of a specialist. Might have some hormonal problems or abnormalities in the cardiovascular system.

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