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MEG: scientific blunders

When Peter Perminov – the person who understands the monsters of the deep like no other, because it is not only a fan of horror, but also a marine biologist.

Went yesterday with my wife on a”Monster of the deep”. Liked. In the middle of the film, however, a bit bored, but just a little. However, to criticize a picture I’m not going.

I would like to talk about the numerous scientific blunders, which the sin film and which, alas, fairly spoil the fun of watching everyone who knows even a little about what is associated with the underwater world.

Start with the Megalodon. I don’t want to find fault with his appearance, although he is not quite consistent with recent findings of paleontologists. So, on the website “Popular mechanics” published an interview with Hans Suasa, employee of the National Museum of natural history, Smithsonian institution in Washington, who argues that the real Megalodon resembled not the white shark and the Mako shark, that is, his body was more elongated and thin (Wikipedia compares the appearance of a Megalodon with a sand shark). In addition, the sizes of these predators did not exceed 13-15, with a maximum of 18 meters. That, however, is too much.

But the peculiarities of his lifestyle more claims. The real Megalodon was thermophilic, dwelt in the surface layer of the ocean, hunting whales and large fish. We also show a creature adapted for life at depths of over 11,000 feet! Everyone even slightly interested in deep-sea inhabitants, knows how their appearance similar to the appearance of the small inhabitants of the deep. The problem of low temperatures, the creators of “Mega” cleverly bypassed, showing numerous hot springs (called black smokers), which also is not quite true, since such outputs superheated water at depths of over 5000 meters was not detected. But even if we assume that the Megalodon was able to adapt to eternal darkness, a monstrous pressure and diet of a giant squid to rise quickly to the surface without harm to health, he would not have been able. And it’s not just the pressure change, but in the deadly poisonous layer of hydrogen sulfide.

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And, most likely, a 20-metre big fish, in the process of evolution has never met the man, it would be unlikely to consider it as the object of hunting. Keith – Yes, a submersible, a small vessel – perhaps, but a man is unlikely… However, this is largely a quibble, because in the film we are shown still not the real animal (albeit prehistoric), and the monster. Monsters, as we know, the laws of biology are written.

And, since we are talking about biological mistakes, I want to mention one causing the smile scene. You know the one where the heroes of the film in pursuit of a monster, you encounter what is left of the fishing vessel poaching. Remember that floats on the water surface, but rubble? Right, the bodies of sharks with fins cut off. Now, sharks have no swim bladder, and their bodies have either neutral or negative buoyancy. In other words, the dead shark sink. (Positive buoyancy characteristic only two types of deep-water sharks, but the film was shown they are not.) This fact is well known and is, in any encyclopedic article about sharks. Ignored it the Lord the writers deliberately, for the sake of the scene, or out of ignorance – alas, unknown.

And now to all sorts of technical “stuff”. Remember the beginning of the movie? We show the atomic submarine lying on the bottom of the Philippine trench. The average depth of this basin exceeds 4000 meters and a maximum of 10 000! People relevant to the Navy, in this moment, pop yourself on the forehead. The fact that nuclear submarines are not created for such depths. Most modern submarine maximum diving depth does not exceed 500 meters. Most deep-sea Soviet submarine project 685 “Fin”. It was designed to dive up to 1000 meters. If the project code does says that the name “Komsomolets” – known to many. This submarine perished in the Norwegian sea in 1989. The Internet, however, argues that to date, most deep-diving nuclear submarine is a Russian submarine as-12 “Losharik” (name not official), able to dive as much as 6 000! This boat carries no weapons and appears to be designed for sabotage operations. However, information about this submarine is extremely small because of its secrecy. Anyone interested can read in the magazine “Military review”, here . In General, the BA-alshoy stretch to suggest that we show the American equivalent of our “Losharik”.

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Generally, deep the creators of “Mega” are treated very loosely. Located in the depression superior to the Marianas, to almost the same thing to walk with scuba diving. Let me remind you that the maximum depth of Mariana trench is no less than 10 994 (2011, in most references indicate 11 022 m) and its bottom saw with my own eyes three people: Jacques Piccard and don Walsh (the bathyscaphe Trieste in 1960) and James Cameron (“Dipsi Challenger”, 2012). (There are still plans to take Fedor Konyukhov. If he succeeds, he’ll be the fourth.) You know what I mean? In the history of the development of underwater technology in deep point of a planet visited only three. And all because the descent to such depths is incredibly difficult and dangerous.

With regard to shown in the film underwater manned submersibles, here claims no special. But the scene where the hero Statema dive “Melusine” for the rescue operations there. Remember how the remaining research station argue that it goes too fast and is life threatening due to sudden pressure changes? But, sorry, the underwater manned vehicle – not a diving bell. Its robust housing is completely sealed and isolated from the external environment. The pressure in it remains the same, regardless of the depth.

So. I guess people are more competent will find even more scientific blunders. Well, to save on consultants, a common problem of a huge number of Hollywood filmmakers. Although something tells me it’s not the economy, but rather to bring credibility to sacrifice entertainment. As for blockbuster entertainment – in the first place. Look, we grossly unscientific “Armageddon”, “day after tomorrow”, “2012” – and nothing, not spit! So, you can assume all of the above grumbling old bore and safely go to the cinema (if still not done). Personally I award the “mega” b-minus and put him on the fourth place in the ranking of shark horror, after “Jaws” “Deep blue sea” and “the Blue abyss”.

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