The world is fraught with many more mysteries and secrets.
We just need to be observant and curious, to continue to seek answers to questions that, in our opinion, and have no answers. The development of science is currently taking place extremely rapidly, and these incredible discoveries, 2016 proof of that.
15. The largest known Prime number
7 January 2016, was opened the largest known Prime number, which is equal to 274 207 281 − 1 and contains 22 338 618 decimal digits. The discovery was made by Curtis Cooper, the project GIMPS.
14. The ninth planet of the Solar system
Researchers from the California Institute of technology presented evidence that the ninth planet in the Solar system really exists. The calculations showed that the planet orbits the Sun at a distance of 20 orbit of Neptune, its mass is 10 times greater than the Earth. And 1 year on this planet is equal to 17000 years on Earth!
13. Eternal guardian information
In February of this year, scientists from Southampton University introduced the world to the amazing invention. They have created a perpetual repository of information from nanostructured glass. The device is able to store 360 terabytes of data and is not affected by high temperatures (up to 1000 degrees Celsius), and its validity is a few billion years.
12. Fish that walk on land and climb trees
Fish that walk on land, crawl on trees and hunt birds, was discovered in Papua New Guinea. This species, despite its innocent appearance, are very aggressive and pose serious danger to the animals on the Islands Boigu and Saibai, Australia. Reportedly, the fish has a breathing organ, and it moves along the ground with the help of the pectoral fins
11. Brain implant allows paralyzed man to control the hand
The implant directly through the wires sends signals to the muscles, bypassing the spinal cord. Man can now raise a glass of water and even play a video game. Ingenious invention belongs to scientists from the medical research Institute Feinstein in new York.
10. The successful landing of the first stage of the rocket in the ocean
8 APR 2016 SpaceX for the first time managed to land the first stage of the rocket Falcon 9 on a platform in the ocean. Now the first step can be used repeatedly, thus reducing costs.
9. Turning carbon dioxide to stone
Hellisheidi in Iceland, scientists have pumped CO2 in volcanic rock, accelerating the natural process of basalt transformation into carbonates, which then become limestone. This method will help not due*th the problem of the greenhouse effect.
8. The scientific name of a pleasant tingling in the back of the head
The phenomenon of perception, characterized by a pleasant tingling sensation in the nape, extending in the form of tingling on the skin of the neck and the back to the extremities in 2016 has gained the scientific name — Autonomous sensory Meridian response (ASMR) . Trigger ASMR sensations, sound, visual, tactile, or cognitive stimuli.
7. The Second Moon
2016 HO3 is an asteroid discovered by Hawaii telescope automatic 27 April 2016, which is the best and most stable to date, an example of a permanent kazipoteka of the Earth. Was the “second Moon” of Earth about 100 years ago
6. Eyeless wonder worm
This year, scientists found that Caenorhabditis elegans (free living nematode) has the ability to see the light. As shown by careful experiments on the excitation of individual neurons, the worm can respond to photons of different wavelengths, but the greatest effect is achieved when using a UV light source. Now C. elegans can be a model object for the study of human blindness.
5. Mathematical algorithm of our intellect
“The basis of our complex processing in the brain is relatively simple in mathematical logic,” says Dr. Joe Tsien, a neuroscientist from the medical College of Georgia. In theory Tsena lies the algorithm for n=2i-1, which determines the number of groups (or “clicks” as the scientist calls them) needed to recognize and address situations. In other words, the more clicks, the more difficult idea. N is the number of neural groups that are connected in various ways; 2 — means that the neurons in this group receive or not receive inputs; i is the information they receive; -1 is the mathematical part, allowing you to consider all the possibilities.
4. Farting fish
Scientists from Britain and Canada came to the conclusion that herring farts! For these fish farts – method of communication and a way to preserve the integrity of the pack at night.
3. Scientific explanation for astral
Many survivors who talk about their astral travels. Scientists from the University of Ottawa became interested in this phenomenon and was invited to study the girl, claiming that may trigger the separation of the soul from the body at will. During the experiment, the researchers used an MRI machine to monitor her brain during “astral travel”. It was found that those parts of the brain that are responsible for perception of physical location and visualization of motion, aktiviziruyutsya during such experiences. But this does not mean that the soul leaves the body. It is a type of hallucination triggered by a certain neurological mechanism.
2. Stem cells, which help to restore damaged spinal cord
The team of scientists led by researchers from the University of California, San Diego, managed to use a neural human stem cells to successfully restore damaged spinal cord. Research conducted with rats has shown that grafted stem cells promote neuronal regeneration and partially replace the functions of lost neurons.
1. Gene mutation, through which came all of us
The ACE2 gene is a possible ancestor of all who live on planet Earth. Biologists from Atlanta, Georgia, came to the conclusion that one gene was able to turn single-celled organisms to multicellular organisms. In the past it was the mutation of the gene led to the emergence of complex life forms. Small changes in the DNA sequence had a strong influence on a specific protein and it is the main role of the enzyme, it became necessary for the organization of multicellular structures.
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