City with a rich history.
Every place on Earth has its own history, especially in the big cities. Witnessed over 2000 years of its existence, while Sydney was founded only two centuries ago. How to change a small graying, becoming the leading cities in the world – later in the review.
1. Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro, in 1565. | Photo: warspot.ru.
Portuguese sailors first discovered Guanabara Bay in the XVI century. At first they took for the mouth of the river called “Rio de Janeiro”, which means “January river”. Convenient location and picturesque countryside attracted to the colonists from the Old world. In 1531, on the Gulf coast was founded the Fort of San Sebastian de Rio de Janeiro.
Rio de Janeiro was founded by Portuguese. | Photo: mixstuff.ru.
Modern Rio de Janeiro. | Photo: bgpics.ru.
Today Rio de Janeiro has grown to such proportions that with a population of 12 million people he considered to be the fourth largest city in the country.
2. New York
Originally new York was called New Amsterdam. | Photo: mixstuff.ru.
The first Dutch colonists called new York New Amsterdam. On ancient maps depicting the area of South Manhattan, you can even read the “Novum Amsterdam”. The current name of the city was in 1664, when he was captured by the British. British troops commanded by the Duke of York.
Italian immigrants in new York in 1900. | Photo: jeodot.com.
At the end of the XIX century the population of new York city beginning to grow rapidly. Between 1870 and 1915 from Europe arrived here 3.5 million immigrants. Today this figure is nearer to 9 million residents.
Modern New York. | Photo: niceimage.ru.
The image of Tokyo in 1868. | Photo: jeodot.com.
In ancient times Tokyo was a small fishing village until in the twelfth century the place was not built the Fort of Edo. In 1590, the warlord Tokugawa Ieyasu occupied Edo and 250 years made it the capital of the Shogunate, which had exercised practical control of Japan.
It looked like Tokyo in the early twentieth century. | Photo: jeodot.com.
In the nineteenth century, the Emperor of Mutsuhito defeated the Shogunate, returned to power and moved his capital from Kyoto to Edo, renaming it Tokyo. In the early twentieth century, the city suffered from severe earthquakes, and during the Second world war it was repeatedly bombed. Despite this, Tokyo is one of the largest cities in the world.
Modern Tokyo. | Photo: stenagrafika.ru.
The Celtic tribe Parisi founded the settlement, which today is Paris. | Photo: mixstuff.ru.
It is considered that the site of today’s Paris in the year 250 BC settled Celtic tribe Parisi. They lived on the banks of the Seine river on Ile de La Cité, where the Cathedral now stands Notre Dame. From the X to the XVI centuries, Paris was given the status of the capital of France, then again it was taken away.
Castle on Ile de La Cité. | Photo: mixstuff.ru.
Today in Paris thousands of tourists to see its architectural magnificence and to feel the characteristic spirit of romance in this city.
Modern Paris. | Photo: s1.1zoom.ru.
Istanbul was first called Byzantium and then Constantinople. | Photo: mixstuff.ru.
For many centuries Christians and Muslims fought for control of the city. Initially, Istanbul was called Byzantium, then Constantinople. In the middle of the XV century it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.
Topkapi Palace in Istanbul. | Photo: grifon-tur.ru.
It took quite some time and place Christian churches were Muslim mosques. Due to its advantageous location and active trade with other States in the XIX century the area of Istanbul has increased significantly. Today in this town are closely intertwined history and modernity.
Modern Istanbul. | Photo: 2fons.ru.
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