Unknown about the legendary film.
1 August 1973 in the Soviet Union began the screening of the film “Seventeen moments of spring”. 12-part Soviet film, which was directed by Tatyana Lioznova, was based on the novel by Julian Semyonov. During the premiere war drama has gained immense popularity in the Soviet Union. And three years after the release of the first film series was awarded the State prize of the RSFSR.
One of the most popular spy series of the country was dismantled for quotes, and great music by Mikael Tariverdiev in the opening credits still chills to the heart and soul.
We present you 17 facts about the cult film, which tried to not apply too much.
Stirlitz was a Gestapo-hung
Vyacheslav Tikhonov, William Leman
Stirlitz was a real prototype — the Gestapo Wilhelm Lehman, who was recruited by Soviet intelligence. However, for the cooperation it did not go for ideological and mercenary reasons. And nothing to do with the image, created by Julian Semyonov, had not. As externally (Vyacheslav Tikhonov is clearly not of the Aryan type of face), and content. In the film, the hero Tikhonov is modest, almost reclusive. Lehman was the complete opposite — played ponies, go into debt and changed the young lovers as gloves.
Not like the real Muller and Armor. In fact, the chief of the Gestapo was much younger than his kinoperson — in 1945, he was 45 years old. But the descendants of Schellenberg, played by Oleg Tabakov, gladly review the “17 moments”, because the actor was very similar to him. They even email to Oleg Pavlovich wrote, they say, when you want to look at “uncle Walter”, watching a movie.
Leonid Kuravlyov was not convincing Hitler
For the role of Stirlitz auditioned Innokenty Smoktunovsky, Oleg Strizhenov and Archil Gomiashvili. The candidacy of the latter and known as Bender in “12 chairs,” defended the author of the novel Julian Semyonov. But, they say, Archil before the shooting broke up with film Director Tatyana Lioznova. Strizhenov was busy, but I was not satisfied that the shooting could last for two years. The role of müller was considered Vsevolod Sanaev. But refused: “to Play a Nazi I will not!”
Long searched for Hitler. Auditioned For Leonid Kuravlyov. Unconvincing. Took German, and he was given the role of one-eyed SS of the Eismann. As we said Kuravlev, he was not averse to play the führer: “But a failure! Well, even great actors fail. Lioznova always had his own opinion.” The main rival of Catherine Hail, who played the radio operator kat was Irina Alferova, but she at the time was abroad.
Svetlichnaya wanted to justify loving Isaeva
Svetlana Svetlichnaya, Vyacheslav Tikhonov
Svetlana Svetlichnaya (Gabi Nabeul) admitted to us that wanted to play just two roles: “I said Lioznova that it would be nice if one actress will play Gaby, the wife of a spy. So it was one of the style women. This then would justify why the Colonel Isaev away from the homeland became interested in Gabi. The idea Lioznova liked, but I later announced — for this role was already approved Eleonora Shashkova. And if I embodied my idea — turned out to be very interesting. Not to say that upset. The Director would be insensitive to deny the actress, which has already been approved.
My character in the script was in love with a spy. Tikhonov then sympathized with all the women of the Soviet Union. If I gave in a couple of worthless old actor had to fantasize. But in this case not fantasized nor Vyacheslav, not me. We had a pleasant relationship, and sure he felt the same. Why we have so perfectly to the scene where we dance in his house. It is unique! There are no explanations, kisses, and just an incredible pull to each other. It says it all eyes: Gabi loves shtirlitsa, but, alas, he as a scout couldn’t be in Germany, the woman he loves. Even the legendary Sergey Gerasimov said, “This scene needs to show the students fighting positions””.
Tikhonov got a “Glory” and hid
Legend has it that the Vyacheslav Tikhonov on the left wrist was tattooed “Glory”, made in his youth. Of course, Stirlitz such could not be. And when it was required to show a closeup of a hand shtirlitsa, it was the hands of backup assistant artist Felix Rostotsky. This fact is confirmed to us “my wife Stirlitz” — actress Theater. Vakhtangov Eleonora Shashkova: “Yes, in his youth, Tikhonov did this tattoo. It was a mistake of youth, so even Prince Bolkonsky he played with gloves on. But Thank got a “fame” for a lifetime — predicted. Lioznova and loved Tikhonov and didn’t want even the slightest black in his biography, so about the tattoo all was silent”.
Armor-Muller twitched because of the costume
Many viewers remembered Leonid Bronevoy in the role of Mueller, including nervous twitching of the head in tense moments. But the gestures have because of the tank’s stitched uniform two sizes too small and the collar is constantly slammed into his neck. Seeing this gesture, the Director offered him to leave, assuming that it was a nervous TIC will only add color to the figure of Muller.
Barely have enough money to last episode
“17 moments” is considered the most expensive Soviet series, although the real budget of the film is a mystery. But modern film producers have told us that if it was actually filmed with the same scope, then the cost of each series would be 100 thousand dollars at least.
Moreover, the shooting had spent so much money that Lioznova not enough money to complete the film. Still, after filming lasted two years in different cities and countries. No joke, only for Tikhonov were sewn 100 shirts! What to speak of built in the Studio for them. Gorky scenery — corridors of the Reich Chancellery, the office of Muller, the apartment shtirlitsa and much more. Add to that shooting on location — the film was shot in Germany, the Baltic States and Georgia. However, the fact that Flower street Bern is actually in Riga and the Swiss border, pastor Schlagg moves in the Caucasus, helped to save the budget.
Tikhonov asked “eyes”
One of the most romantic scene — the meeting of Colonel Isayev with his wife in a cafe Elefant in Germany. Although the Dating scene in a cafe in the Roman Semenov was not. It was proposed to insert Tikhonov after talking with one of the scouts. It turns out that many of our residents arranged such contactless meetings with relatives.
“Wife Isaeva” Eleonora Shashkova told us how it was: “On the set, I was led by one of the assistants to the actors with whom we worked on the set of “Two lives”. In that movie I first saw Vyacheslav Vasilyevich, who played there a major role. He made me, then a second-year student of high school theater, starred in the crowd, a strong impression! Although I handsome men do not perceive. For the role of wife Isaeva I was younger age of the heroine, and I was vzroslyi. I’m not surprised that the stage for a short interview Stirlitz with his wife has become the brightest in the film. Remember the frame when he looked up. They were filled with soul and in my eyes read: “I suffer in separation, much love you and very worried, how can you live here without me?” In the past the eyes of my heroine said, “May I see you for the last time in my life…”
And in fact we filmed with Tikhonov separately. What you saw in the frame — mounting. Previously filmed with just one camera and film two scenes a day. Everything was rehearsed, thoughtfully. It is now a solid pipeline! That day Vyacheslav Vasilyevich came to the set totally unexpected. It was his first day off in six months, but he remained sitting at home and wanted to look into the eyes of his on-screen wife, to know who she is. Came and sat the camera on a level table. We played in complete silence… it was just for an hour. With such a great actor as Tikhonov, otherwise it could not be! And the next day it was shooting without me. But he said Lioznova: “Go get me those eyes. Without them I removed I can’t.” And I was immediately taken to the shooting and planted the camera. I have tried to do everything the same as back in the day. Therefore, probably, Vyacheslav V. and played so brilliantly, filled with looking in my eyes.”
Went to Germany with his “Mercedes”
They say that with its Charter in another monastery do not go. However, in Berlin the crew went with their “Mercedes” shtirlitsa. On the first day of filming, the car stalled, and make it was impossible. Rescued group recordist Leonard Bukhov, who recovered his friend Gunther Klibenstein, collected retroavto. From his collection, and rented a car to shtirlitsa. However, the model “Mercedes sedan” inherited “standarten-Fuhrer” really is too ordinary for this title. Although in the novel Semenova even more significant gaffe — Stirlitz driving a car brand “Horch” WRC-821. In fact, such a machine in those days there went members of the government, and the three-letter room.
During the torture the children were smiling
In the episode where the baby radio operator kat respectivul at the open window (it’s cold outside, and the Germans hope that a mother’s heart will tremble and she will pass shtirlitsa), the baby should cry because it is freezing. In fact, children (in the torture scene of one kid played from 18 children, since the shooting took place a long time, and the baby in the presence of the mother was allowed to stay on the set no more than two hours) was warm, so they were smiling and snoring. Record a baby crying failed, so the engineer had to go to children’s hospital, there to record the scream.
Bloopers: a Makarov pistol and Soviet cars
In the scene where Stirlitz kills provocateur Claus (played Lev Durov), in the hands of our scout somehow, a Makarov pistol, which the service of the German army could not be determined. And praising the song “Milord” sung by Edith Piaf, who appeared only in 1958, a clear leap into the future. But in the episode where Kate says goodbye to Stirlitz at the station, on the car, it was written in Russian: “56 tons.” And in the stage of sending telegrams it is evident that they are written on letterhead “international telegram of the USSR” from smeared ink’s coat of arms.
In Germany Tikhonov almost broke
The walk from the hotel to the shooting area had nearly cost Tikhonov charges of propaganda of fascism. The fact that he went outside in the form of standarten-Fuehrer SS, for which he was immediately detained by the Berliners. They considered him a Nazi and arranged a showdown. Fortunately, the mess was heard by the filmmakers and tipped the artist.
Lioznova deprived the composer of the title
Lioznova wanted in the credits, it was as a Director and as a co-author of the script, as invented some scenes, but Semenov was against it. The scandal and the composer’s “Moments,” Michael Tariverdiev called in as judge. He decided that more than half wrong. Not received the state prize of the RSFSR (and, hence, the title and a large sum), which in 1976 got for the film Lioznova, Semenov, Tikhonov and cameraman Peter Kataevo. It from the list of recipient erased.
Because Kobzon put cordons with informers
Mikael Tariverdiev refused to be a composer of paintings, say, not writing for movies in which to shoot Stalin. Ultimately created 18 songs, but walked only two. And immediately there was talk that he “did Not think of seconds haughtily” is similar to “love Story” Legrand. There was a scandal and performers. Listened Leshchenko, obodzinsky, Magomaeva, but stopped at Kobzon. Although Tariverdiev was against: they argued. And when Kobzon was recorded, the producer had to place the cordons, which announces the approach of the composer!
Kate gave birth at the clinic, which examined Tymoshenko
The clinic is in the movie “17 moments of spring”
In the scene where Stirlitz and radio operator kat with baby in her arms out of the hospital involved a real University clinic Charite in Berlin. Since then, much time has passed: a tall tree in front of the building is already there, the track redone and the lights on poles of others.
Clinic charité founded in 1710, is one of the oldest medical institutions of Germany and is one of the oldest University clinics in Europe. Today, this institution heard almost every Ukrainian in connection with ex-Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko, who was examined by the doctors from this clinic. By the way, in the role of a newborn baby radio operator kat starred Mariya Mironova (daughter of actors Catherine Hail and Andrei Mironov). But in addition to her film in that role was involved in five other babies.
Because of the language the film was shot in the woods
The scene where Stirlitz kills Klaus (Lev Durov), was supposed to shoot in Berlin. But, we are told, Lev, with a trip to Germany did not work, because it is not released from the Soviet Union, and all because of the sense of humor of the artist: “Before going abroad I, like all travelers, was interviewed in an exit fee. I was asked to describe the flag of the Soviet Union. I suddenly gave out, like, well, like-like, black background, a white skull and two crossed tibia. The flag is called the Jolly Roger. Wrapped me up and shot in the forest near Moscow”.
We wanted to congratulate the actor with an anniversary picture, but with the 81-year-old Lev Konstantinovich had an accident. As we have told his friends, he fell in his apartment and got a hip fracture: “Lev — in a serious condition, it is in the Botkin hospital of Moscow. The actor prepped for surgery to replace the joint, after which he will remain in hospital at least a month”.
Gaft got the part of American blind
Valentin Gaft (played American Guernica involved in the negotiations about the surrender of Germany) told us: “I was supposed to leave on vacation, but I needed the money. And then I was invited by Oleg Tabakov. I went on shooting and didn’t know what exactly the character will have to play. There he met with Lioznova. She even to the slightest episode treated very seriously. My we have discussed all day. Not to compare with today’s filming!”
Lanovoy didn’t want to be the enemy
Vasily Lanovoy, who was loved by the audience in the movie “Officers”, he admitted to us that Lioznova barely persuaded him to become an SS-obergruppenführer Karl Wolff: “Tatyana came to me in the theater twice, inviting me to star in the film. But I was busy at the theater and another painting, because he steadfastly refused. Lioznova not retreated, as was seen in this role solely to me. I gave up, hearing her startling sentence about my character wolf: “He is not the enemy, he is your enemy — a powerful and smart.”
Her words I loved, because I believed that to play the enemies of the Motherland — monkey work. But I am extremely upset that the film was made in color. It’s awful! After all, this is a documentary picture. The head would be torn off for this!” And the most successful Vasily called the scene when the wolf flies in and arrest him: “In it, the actor Lanovoi was the most accurate, I think”.
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