To compensate for the lost Soviet deposits, the government may start before the expected transfer of presidential power in 2024.
The state Duma approved on Tuesday in first reading the draft law, which is already the twentieth time postpones the date of payment on savings Bank deposits made by citizens until 1991. At this time, payments are deferred until January 1, 2023. While the government announced that a draft law, which should solve the problem, but how it will look until told.
“This bill is designed, including on behalf of the state Duma”, — said at the session of the lower house of Parliament, Deputy Finance Minister Alexei Moiseev. No matter how hard the deputies, they were not able to extract more information from a government representative. Asked to disclose the details, Moses answered every time that you can’t do that, because “no decision”.
Meanwhile, the government had to introduce such a bill to the state Duma a couple of years ago. Corresponding instructions to the ministries and departments of the MPs recorded in the judgment of the chamber in 2017 and 2018, but as they say, things are there. Although in the last convocation of the state Duma representatives of the opposition parliamentary factions asked to withdraw the bills on this subject under the promise that will be submitted to one law, said the Communist Nikolai Kolomeitsev.
Tired of waiting for even the deputies from “United Russia”, one of whom, Igor Divinsky, headed created at the Duma working group on the settlement of the question of contributions and the development of the bill. It is clear that the parliamentarians irrespective of their party affiliation, is tried before the state Duma elections in 2021 to somehow raise their falling ratings. That reminded of the Soviet deposits, the majority of owners who are no longer alive. But that compensation could get heirs in the state Duma do not say anything.
Divinsky also confirmed that a working version of the government bill actually exists. But it is not possible to coordinate between all ministries and agencies, because the decision of the question is evaluated by calculations of deputies, 135 trillion. For comparison, the annual Federal budget does not exceed 20 trillion rubles. So the government would be better to wait until everyone who was supposed to 1991, will leave your life and then money will be no one to give, say in the Duma.
In the accompanying materials to the adopted bill contains more accurate figures. Thus, the total amount of debt of the state to depositors in prices of 1991 is in 345,54 billion. The volume of funds required for debt repayment in which the transferred guaranteed savings, estimated at 2020, 45,4 trillion in 2021 47,22 trillion rubles, and in 2022 — 49,11 trillion rubles.
With 1996, the state pays compensation to depositors of the savings Bank, and since 2001 also on deposits (contributions) in state insurance organizations. For all time was paid about 500 billion rubles, and in the new budget for the next three years for compensation payments on deposits are requested to send by 5.5 billion rubles annually. Moses reminded that the depositors until 1946 birth receive compensation in the triple size, but those born later, and until 1991 inclusive, to twice.
“Yes, I have friends who have burned money for the “Zhiguli”, and then they returned the Deposit and that was enough for a pair of sneakers” — quipped in response, liberal Democrat Alexander Sherin. MPs are also angry that Moses, in fact, refused to consider the lost Soviet deposits debt of the state towards its citizens. “Sberbank has fulfilled its obligations the depositors’ money was returned. Another issue is that the ruble has depreciated, and now the state has assumed the obligation to compensate for losses”, — said Moiseev. From his words implied that the citizens should be grateful to the government for what it is trying to compensate for their devalued savings. At the meeting for comparison and cited the example of Germany, whose authorities after world war II voided all deposits of the population and refused to return to even par.
“No, it is the duty, not compensation and the law, 1995 (“On the restoration and protection of savings of citizens of the Russian Federation”, — “Rosbalt”) these liabilities are recognized internal state debt” — insisted the “SR” Valery Hartung. He also finds offensive the fact that the state boasts a low external debt, and its citizens are not in a hurry to compensate for the loss. “Do we have second-class citizens or what compared to foreigners that you so diligently paid all the debts?”, asked Hartung.
His colleague in the faction Oleg Nilov also believes that “the normal state, this issue would long ago decided in court and all the money would be returned with interest”. “There is no money — give resources,” said Nilov. But the Communist Valentin Shurchanov estimated reserves of 36 trillion rubles, including funds of the national welfare Fund. However, he did not say that to spend these reserves in the near future, the state is not going to.
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