To conquer them can only the most courageous.
Everyone knows that the highest mountain is Everest. And you can name the second tallest? Or at least three of the TOP 10 list? And how many of the world’s eight-thousanders know? Answers under the cut.
No. 10. Annapurna I (the Himalayas) is 8091 meters
Annapurna I is the highest peak of the massif Annapurna. The mountain is 8091 meters. Ranks tenth among all peaks of the world. Also, this peak is considered the most dangerous – the death rate of climbers in all my years of climbing is equal to 32%, but in the period from 1990 to the present, the mortality rate decreased to 17%.
The name Annapurna is Sanskrit and means “Goddess of Fertility”.
Reached the summit for the first time in 1950, French climbers Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal. Initially they wanted to conquer dhaulagiri, but found it impregnable and went to Annapurna.
No. 9. Nangaparbat (Himalaya) – 8125 meters.
Nangaparbat is one of the most dangerous to climb mountains among the mountains of Himalayas. The height of the top of Nangaparbat – 8125 meters.
Of the top Europeans first noticed in the 19th century Adolf Schlagintweit during his travels in Asia and made the first sketches.
In 1895, the first attempt to climb the peak was made by the UK mountaineer albert Frederick Mummery. But he perished along with their conductors.
He then made several attempts to conquer in 1932, 1934, 1937, 1939, 1950. But the first successful conquest occurred in 1953, when Hermann Buhl — member of the German-Austrian expedition under the leadership of K. Herligkoffera ascended Nangaparbat.
Nangaparbat is the mortality rate for climbers of 21%.
No. 8. Manaslu (Himalayas) – 8156 meters.
Manaslu (Kutang) is a mountain, part of the mountain massif of Mansiri-Himal in Nepal.
In 1950 Tilman made the first reconnaissance of the mountain and noted that it is possible to climb from the North-East side. Only 34 years later, after several unsuccessful attempts to reach the summit, 12 January 1984, the Polish climbers Ryszard Maciej Gajewski and he stated for the first time ascended to the main summit of Manaslu, becoming her.
The mortality rate among climbers on Manaslu – 16%.
No. 7. Dhaulagiri I (the Himalayas) – 8167 meters.
Dhaulagiri I is the highest point of the mountain massif of dhaulagiri in the Himalayas. The height of the top – 8167 meters.
From 1808 to 1832 years was considered dhaulagiri I, the highest peak in the world. Climbers have paid attention to it only in the 50s of the 20th century, and only the eighth expedition managed to conquer the summit. The team of the best climbers of Europe under the leadership of max Eiselin reached the summit on 13 may 1960.
In Sanskrit dhavala or gave means “white” and giri is “mountain”.
No. 6. Cho Oyu (Himalaya) – 8201 meters.
Cho Oyu is the sixth highest mountain peak in the world. The height of Cho Oyu 8201 m.
The first successful ascent was made in 1954 by an Austrian expedition, which was: Quiet, Herbert, Joseph, Lechler and Pasang Dawa Lama. For the first time, an attempt was made to conquer this mountain without oxygen masks and cylinders, and it worked. With their success, the expedition opened a new page in the history of mountaineering.
Today, on the summit of Cho Oyu padded 15 different routes.
No. 5. Makalu (Himalaya) – 8485 meters.
Makalu – fifth highest peak in the world. Located in the Central Himalayas on the border of Nepal with China (Tibet Autonomous region).
The first attempts to ascent began in the mid-50s of the 20th century. This can be explained by the fact that most of the expeditions, wanted to conquer mount Everest and Lhotse and Makalu and other lesser known neighboring peaks remained in the shadows.
The first successful expedition happened in 1955. French climbers under the leadership of Lionel Terry and Jean Causey reached the summit on 15 may 1955.
Makalu – one of the most difficult peaks to climb. Success at least 30% of the expeditions.
Today on the top of the Makalu offers 17 different routes.
No. 4. Lhotse (Himalayas) – 8516 meters.
Lhotse – the fourth highest peak in the world, with a height of 8516 meters. Nahoditsya the Tibetan Autonomous region.
The first successful ascent was made on may 18, 1956 a Swiss expedition which was: Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger.
Of all the attempts of the climb on Lhotse success was crowned only 25%.
No. 3. Kangchenjunga (Himalaya) is 8586 meters.
Kangchenjunga is the third line in the rating of the highest peaks in the world. The height of the peak is 8586 meters.
Until 1852 Kanchenjunga was considered the highest peak of the world, but after calculations, made on the basis of data of the expedition of 1849, it was proved that the highest mountain – Everest.
For the first time conquered mount Kanchenjunga on may 25, 1955 by George Band and Joe brown.
All peaks in the world, there is a downward trend in mortality over time, but Kangchenjunga is the exception. In recent years, the mortality rate from climbing to the top has reached 23% and is only growing. In Nepal there is a legend that the Kanchenjunga mountain-the woman who kills all the women trying to climb it.
No. 2. Chogori (Karakorum) – 8614 meters.
Chogori is the second of the highest peaks in the world. Chogori was first discovered by European expedition in 1856 and was designated as the mountain K2, that is, the second peak of the Karakoram.
The first attempt was made in 1902 by Oscar Eckenstein and Aleister Crowley, but failed.
The conquest of the peaks occurred in 1954, an Italian expedition under the leadership of Ardito Desio.
Today on the top of K2, there are 10 different routes.
Ascent to Chogori is technically much more difficult than climbing Everest. The dangers the mountain holds the second place among the eight-thousanders after Annapurna, the mortality rate is 24%. None of the attempts the ascent to Chogori winter was not a success.
No. 1. Mount Everest (Himalaya) is 8848 meters.
Chomolungma (Everest) is the highest peak of the Earth.
Translated from the Tibetan “Chomolungma” – “divine (jomo) Mother (ma) vital energy (lung)”. The mountain is named in honor of the Bon goddess Sherab of Jammy.
The English name “Everest” was given in honor of sir George Everest, head of geodesic service in British India during 1830-1843. This name was proposed in 1856, the successor of George Everest Andrew In after publication of the results of the employee Radhanatha of Sikdar, which in 1852 were the first to measure the height of the “Peak XV” and showed that he is the highest in the region and probably worldwide.
Until the first successful ascent to the summit, which took place in 1953, there were about 50 expeditions in the Himalaya and Karakoram (on the Everest, Chogori, Kanchenjunga, Nangaparbat and other peaks).
On 29 may 1953, Everest was conquered by new Zealand climber Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay.
In subsequent years, the world’s highest peak was conquered by the climbers of different countries — the USSR, China, USA, India, Japan, and other countries.
For all the time when trying to climb mount Everest it has killed more than 260 people. However, every year the Everest attempt to conquer more than 400 people.
The answer to the question about the eight thousanders – a total of 14 in the world, 10 of them are in the Himalayas, and the other 4 in the Karakoram.
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