Researchers have created a compact electronic device.
An international group of researchers created the first condensate of Bose-Einstein in outer space, in zero gravity.
The condensate of Bose-Einstein is a substance formed by bosons – particles that can exist in the same quantum state. This distinguishes them from fermions (e.g. electrons), are subject to the Pauli exclusion principle.
This property allows the bosons at very low temperatures to show visible to the naked eye, the quantum effects such as superfluidity, in which the quantum fluid can seep through the cracks without friction. If the quantum liquid forms crystals, the kind of matter called a superfluid solid (to supersolid).
According to scientists, this state of matter can be useful for the creation of ultrasensitive sensors that can detect, for example, gravitational waves. However, obtaining a condensate of Bose-Einstein in the presence of gravity is difficult, so scientists have tried to create it in a free fall. Researchers have created a compact electronic device that is able to cool atoms of rubidium-87 to ultra-low temperatures, and delivered it to a height of 243 kilometers on Board the rocket.
Condensate Bose-Einstein, were carried out in 1.6 seconds. While the rocket fell to the Ground, the device had six minutes to spend 110 programmed experiments.
Earlier, in August, it was reported that NASA scientists first created on Board the International space station (ISS) condensate Bose – Einstein, cooled rubidium atoms to a temperature equal to one ten-millionth part of a degree above absolute zero. It’s about three degrees lower than the average temperature of outer space.
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