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How to teach a child to read and when to start: simple ways

Как научить ребенка читать и когда начинать: простые способы

Modern parents strive hard to make their children prodigies. Various methods of early development popular nowadays as never before. First advanced moms and dads trying to teach their child to read, that’s just not all that successful at it. How to choose the best technique for learning in the home and whether to make the child learn letters in 3-4 years, we were told the teachers and psychologists.

One of the most famous children record for reading is the boy Michael, who was born in a remote village in Vinnytsia region. Surprisingly, learning to read the baby one of the adults at an early age tried. However, a year and three months Misha independently mastered the alphabet, and in a year and a half read Newspapers. In 2 years the child Prodigy learned to read his illiterate 85-year-old great-grandmother who came from another village to help with the upbringing of your child.

– Now many mothers are obsessed with the education of brilliant children, – explains the teacher Tatiana Melekhina. – They do not give rest to the laurels of other guys who in 3 years will already know the multiplication table and read Chekhov.

However, all children are different, and not every child is able to learn reading comprehension to 6-7 years, all the time. Still the main activity for preschoolers, it helps them to develop harmoniously.

Parents who try to force a child to learn the letters in 3-4 years, only causing him harm by distracting from the natural process of knowing the world.

In reality, the future of a person’s ability do not depend on the age at which he learned to read, rather they are associated with the development of the fancy and imagination of the baby. In this regard, instead of having to push the child cubes with letters already in the arena, it is better to tell his tale, to engage in interesting games and generally more to talk, to form the correct speech.

Practice shows that children who learned to read in first grade, later working with the text is no worse than peers who have mastered the books much earlier.

Child psychologists generally believe that the early teaching of reading, if it is not the desire of the child, interfere with the proper development of the brain. That is why slip kid the alphabet ahead of time not only pointless, but harmful. – The fact that up to 7 years most children the parts of the brain that are responsible for recognition of letters has not time to ripen, – says psychologist Marina Timoshina. – If the parents teach the child by force, those parts of the brain inhibits the development of other departments, which are responsible for social communication and imaginative thinking.

As a result of attempts to make the child a genius, fluent reading or believe in 3-4 years, in some cases, can lead to problems with communication and General decline in intelligence. But then, of course, not to be confused endowments of the child and the parent desire to coach their child on knowledge. If your baby is reaching for the books and trying to learn the letters, no need to stop, most likely the desire for early reading individual thing.

Mother of many children, Alyona Merkulova from Moscow on his own experience realized that the age at which the child learns to read is very individual, and should never run ahead of the engine.

“It happened that the eldest daughter from the very beginning we grew up precocious and began to read very early. Thus for this purpose we did nothing. The only thing I’ve read in her hearing when she was still in a wheelchair.

Masha already 1.5 years revealed a stunning visual memory, she brought me the cubes with letters and asked to name them. For three years my daughter has read the syllables, and 4 could master independently books for 7-8 year olds.

When I started to grow the second son, the situation developed in a completely different scenario. Even in 4 years he never even wanted to play cubes with letters, let alone trying to remember them. But it seemed to us that he’s just lazy, so we tried hard to force the child to learn the alphabet. And as a result, finally recaptured the child’s desire for reading.

In the end, master books it could only help the teacher in 1 class with us to do whatever he wanted. So when a third daughter was born, we decided not to torture her early methods of development and easily given to play before school. In six years she showed interest in reading and in three months had mastered the primer according to the standard school method.

The most popular method of learning to read: pros and cons

School (sound) methods. This is the traditional method by which children are taught to read in school. It is based on the principle of the alphabet. First, the child learns letters and sounds and then puts them into words and sentences.

For: easier for Parents to teach their children at home according to this method, since all he knows. Speech therapists believe that this method is preferable, as it allows to get rid of the speech defects, teaches the child to listen and identify the sounds in words and correctly pronounce them.

Against: this method is not suitable for early reading instruction, it is recommended for children from 5-6 years and requires a long time. The first time children are trained to read this way, do not know to read, as all the attention is spend to pronounce certain words.

The Methods Of Maria Montessori. The system assumes that the first kids learn to write letters with a special contoured frames and liners and then study them. The child must first call sound, and then to trace with your finger the outline of the letters cut from a rough paper.

For: Method promotes the development of fine motor skills in a child, there are no boring drills and assignments. In addition, exercises and games develop a child’s logic and teach him immediately not to read aloud, and about myself.

Against: This method is not practical for home schooling, because it requires large amounts of expensive materials, cards, books and manuals. Typically, this technique is used in special kindergartens enrolled in the program.

The technique Zaitseva (cubes). The method is based on the teaching of reading through the warehouse, that is a pair of a consonant and a vowel or of a consonant and a hard and soft sign, or character. Training interesting, even the kids, as reminiscent of the fun game blocks.

For: the Method is suitable for early reading instruction, you can teach even toddlers one year of age. Playing dice would not take away from parents a lot of time, you can perform them. It is proved that the clay affect different senses, including developing fine motor skills, musical ear, sense of rhythm and sound perception.

Against: In school, children trained to read by this system, making mistakes in the sound analysis of words and can’t understand its composition, but also “swallow” the end. Zaitseva cubes are quite expensive, and to manufacture them yourself is not everyone’s strength.

The Doman method (flashcards). Children taught to read by this method, you don’t remember names of letters and sounds, they learn to recognize whole words. The baby is regularly shown a set of cards, as a result, he learns quickly to read the whole word, even at an early age.

For: the Method helps to teach a child to read at an early age. Children who have mastered this technique generally have excellent memory and can memorize a very large amount of information.

Cons: This method takes a lot of time at my parents, so regularly need to print a substantial amount of cards. Subsequently, there may be difficulties with the school program, including spelling and parsing words.

From personal experience

Catherine, reporter: “My son learned to read in three years. Any special techniques we haven’t used — I read him books aloud, look at pictures. I bought outdoor plastic Mat — it consists of “tiles” that incorporate letters, they can be removed and build different shapes. So we learned the letters. When I read the son’s books, asked to tell which letter here, some there.

I played this game: I was told a little story, and the keywords were replaced by written words, which were asked to read. For example: “the Girl walked into the room, and saw that on the Desk sits a huge, big-eyed…” – on a piece of paper wrote “CAT”.

I once bought a book with characters from their favorite cartoons son and lots of pictures and simple sentences. Here and there was a breakthrough: the child really wanted to know what is written, and he read it from cover to cover.

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