Sunburn is a nasty injury that is caused by skin damage due to UV damage.
Skin become red, sensitive, sore and itchy. And in a few days when the redness and irritation is reduced, there will be exfoliation, skin exfoliate.
Most often we burn on the beaches, where sand and water reflect the sun’s rays right at us, and in the mountains, where UV radiation is stronger. Particularly unlucky people with white skin and freckles.
How to cure a sunburn
As soon as you feel the skin is red, immediately hide from the sun, better in a cool room.
Drink plenty to replace fluid loss and to help rapid healing of the skin.
Cool the skin under cool water for 20 minutes. Can help cold compress: soak a soft cloth with water and apply to the burn.
You can take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain relief.
Treat the burn with special means on the basis of panthenol. It is particularly convenient to use the funds in the form of a spray for the treatment of burns.
It is not necessary to smear red spot cream and other folk remedies, to affected the skin had to fight even with allergies or bacteria.
Hide from the sun and wear loose clothing made of natural fabrics, while the skin recovers.
When to go to the doctor
Not to say that sunburn is the little things that don’t need to pay attention. According to who, the ultraviolet radiation directly affects the risk of cancer of the skin. And burn says just about what you with UV overdone. In some cases, the doctor should contact immediately:
You are burned badly: not just burned my shoulders and nose, and, say, burned from the waist up. The larger the burn, the more dangerous.
Fever, you get chills.
Very sore and dizzy, nauseated.
Appeared on the skin blisters and swelling.
In these cases, the doctor will prescribe additional treatment.
How not to get a sunburn
The probability of burn depends on the UV index. The higher it is, the greater needed protection. Here is a sample table that you can look at the latitude, when and where the sun is dangerous. If the UV index is below three, sun protection is not required if the seven lower — moderate need, and if above these values need to hide from the sun. In the summer to protect your skin have almost everywhere, especially if you have multiple moles or family history of cancer of the skin.
How to do it:
Use a sunscreen. The higher the UV index, the stronger must be the protection factor. Do not spare the cream. For reliable protection of an adult need 6-8 teaspoons of lotion, and don’t forget to spread the neck and ears.
Do not wait until the skin warms up. Sunburn is invisible, because the wind or the water cools the skin. And when it starts to hurt — it’s too late. So don’t let the weather fool yourself, the wind does not prevent the sun burn you.
Go out in the sun. Even if you want to sunbathe, then creeps in the sun for a while, 10-15 minutes, and rest in the shade. To do this, even invented a special app that tells you how much and how can you be in the sun.
And remember that children should never sunbathe. To make vitamin D, it is sufficient to walk in the summer in the shade of the trees and not basking on a beach frying pan.
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