Here on the roads safely.
In Western countries, after each one of the accident victims, investigating and paramount responsibility of the state. Even if everything is done according to the standards, it is still possible to lose a position or freedom: you are the expert, and therefore should have foreseen dangerous areas and secure them. The standards provide the framework for valid and specific decision is always made by the developer.
Let’s look at the roads and streets of Norway, one of the safest countries in the world: according to who, per 100,000 inhabitants in road accidents are killed 3.8 people.
Curvature of the trajectory
If you need signs and posters to ask drivers to reduce speed, your street or road is done incorrectly. It is foolish to do a straight as an arrow, a huge road, and then expect that people will be decorous to go there with a speed of 20 km/h. Ambient conditions should kill the idea to go fast on streets in residential areas and courtyards make the Chicane:
To do this by Parking in a staggered manner, containers with plants, flower beds or even Bicycle racks – the solution can be found for any budget.
Changes in the level
We used to divide the street to the sidewalk and the roadway – such zoning often lulls the attention of drivers. Therefore, elevated to the level of the sidewalk transitions or entire intersections soothe traffic: drivers feel not as comfortable and drive more carefully.
Raised crossings act as speed bumps, and at the same time keep people’s feet dry: the water just runs off with them:
In the minds of people deeply rooted equality in “pavement = road”. This is bad because the street and road are two different things. The Dutch love on the streets, in the residential area to pave with bricks and paving stones that drivers intuitively knew that I needed to go careful. In Norway too, so I can.
If you pave the whole street is not possible, we can pave at least the transitions. Though please note that sections before it moves lined with a raised pavement, and the transition is already smooth tiles – the driver instinctively slow down, and disabled without problems independently move in the street chair:
It is a subspecies of how to change the cover, but it is no less effective.
Changing the priority
You can improve the street not only design, but also the letter of the law! For example, making the main streets cyclists. The method works well as in the southern cities of Germany, and in the bad climate of Norway, but better still to change the priority on the road along with the curvature of the trajectory and
So you’ve probably already seen in your city, but only in the courtyards: one car passes the other to the junction. This not only saves space on the street, but also improves security. Such patrols normally do at pedestrian crossings or in front of schools in a residential area. There is a risk to scratch the car, but it will be better iron than someone’s life:
A narrow strip
Go along the wide strip quickly, comfortably and safely, because there is a buffer to manoeuvre – so says our brains. The speed increases the risk of accidents and reduces the chances of a pedestrian or cyclist to survive a collision with a car.
To overcome the desire to go above the speed permitted, the lanes do narrow: the less must be the speed, the narrower the band. In the urban setting of the width of the street may not be enough for all traffic participants, therefore, narrow bands allow you to add another row, bike lane or bus lane. Here you can clearly see that Norwegians make the strip exactly the same width, which require dimensions of cars and buses:
Our attention is limited: for a period of time we can see a limited number of parts. This is a critical moment in the case of the drive: speed time for reaction and braking very little. Therefore, it is important to remove bright signs, screens and other distracting elements in the area of schools and transitions. You need to clean up even the marks to leave only the most important and try not to make a noticeable transition, but to focus on the person. Just compare that to any pedestrian crossing in your town:
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