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How to construct business of Moscow

Как устроен мусорный бизнес Москвы

After the garbage riots, which took place in Moscow in 2018, there were several closed landfills and landfills — and Moscow was no place to put waste. The construction of the landfill “Sees”in the Arkhangelsk region, but will not be limited. As found jellyfish, debris from Moscow want to take in the Kaluga region, in other areas of the Arkhangelsk region, and several regions of the European part of Russia. In Moscow for packaging this waste build three transshipment complex, one of them inside the Third transport ring, near the metro station “Volgograd prospectus”. Special correspondent of “Medusa” Ivan Golunov tells about the plans of Moscow city hall for garbage collection in other regions of Russia.


940 trucks that no one saw

Over the past year in Moscow because of the protests closed several large sites (“Kuchino” in Balashikha, “Tsarevo” under Sergiev Posad, “Kulakovsky” and “Syanovo” in the South), which are adopted annually about 1.3 million tons of garbage.

In the summer of 2018, the Governor of Moscow region Andrei Vorobyov said that the suburban landfill can accept up to 4.6 million tons of garbage a year. Residents of suburbs thrown in an average of 3.8 million tons of household waste and approximately 1.5 million tons of bulky waste. In the suburbs are about 20 yards, where about 880 thousand tons of garbage a year.


According to the Ministry of ecology of Moscow region, operating 14 landfills of the Moscow region can only take 3.7 million tons of garbage per year. It hardly covers the needs of the region, but Moscow’s waste — and it’s a few million tons of space just is not enough.

Muscovites every year emit almost 8 million tons of household waste and 2.4 million tons of bulky waste (old furniture, appliances, debris after repair). In the capital there are three incineration plant with a capacity of not more than 770 thousand tons per year and a few marshalling yards, approximately 2 million tons per year.

To solve the problem at least partly, the Moscow authorities last year has allocated 3.4 billion rubles for the opening of the landfill Malinki on the territory of New Moscow, where every year could be buried more than 1 million tons of waste. But due to the outbreak of protests, the mayor decided to “mothball” the building.

The result of excluding debris remaining within Moscow after sorting, every year outside the MKAD have to take out more than 6.6 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW). In recent years, was opened two polygons in the Vladimir region and one in Tula and Smolensk, but the documents they can accept only up to 910 thousand tons of garbage a year. There is still at least five million tons of garbage. For the export of such a volume is needed every day approximately 940 trucks.

Six companies that have contracts with the city engaged in cleaning the garbage, do not disclose information where they take out the garbage after the closure of most suburban landfills. While in the suburbs and neighboring areas in recent years dramatically increased the number of complaints the emergence of illegal dumps.

Landscaping in exchange for trash

In mid-October 2018 government of Moscow and the Arkhangelsk region announced the creation of ecotechnopark “Sees”. The capital’s garbage will carry on the same railway station on the border of the Arkhangelsk region and the Komi Republic. According to statements of officials, in Cheese could be annually bury about 500 thousand tonnes of waste over 20 years. As can be seen from the presentation of the project, construction of a plant for sorting and recycling of garbage in Cheese will not. Waste will be send to railway transport, in the form of compressed briquettes, wrapped in foil. The authors of the commercials of the project cite the example of baggage wrapping in plastic wrap — like they do in airports.

The Project “Ekotekhnopark”

Roman Sokolov

Arkhangelsk region was chosen because there are train tracks, which is not too much cargo. While there is agreement on a daily route from Moscow to Sees freight train out of 56 gondola cars, said “the Medusa,” a source in RZD. The payload gondola is 70 tons — thus, Moscow may send annually to Lies about half a million tons of garbage.

The inhabitants of the neighbouring villages Chiesa since the beginning of August hold rallies and protests. One of the reasons was the publication of departmental telegrams “Russian Railways” about the opening of the route Lyubertsy — Sees for the transport of domestic waste from Moscow. In response to the protests, the city authorities promise to invest money from the municipal budget to the repair of municipal infrastructure and improvement of villages located near the future boundary. Also the mayoralty of Moscow plans to deploy an advertising campaign on TV of the Arkhangelsk region on social networks. In particular, the meeting of officials of the government of Moscow and the Arkhangelsk region was attended by several employees of OJSC “Moscow information technology.” The company animalsanimal support of the municipality in social networks. It was her staff publish posts and wrote comments in podderjali renovation.

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Such attention of the municipality to the Arkhangelsk region is due to the fact that in addition to Chiesa here can build several landfills for the disposal of Metropolitan wastes.

As it became known “Medusa”, another landfill is going to build in the village Nimenga 10 kilometers from the shore of the White sea. According to a source familiar with the project, ekotekhnopark built in a former quarry of forestry, close to the railway station. According rosreestra, this site belongs to the “Russian Railways” and can be used “for the enterprises of railway transport”. The “Institute MosvodokanalNIIproekt” plans to announce a tender for engineering surveys for development of design documentation of the object “Ekotekhnopark “Namanga””

Garbage elections

Even a few polygons in the Arkhangelsk region will not solve the problem of disposal and recycling of the Moscow garbage. Therefore, Moscow officials are seeking ways to overcome the resistance of the inhabitants of nearby regions.

At the end of January 2017 in the village Mihaly, located in one of the most sparsely populated areas of the Kaluga region — Rovni, Snowmobiling has arrived delegation from Moscow led by the head of the Moscow Department of housing, utilities Hasan by Gasangadzhieva. They said that choosing a place for construction waste recycling plant. A week later, on 5 February, hosted a gathering of local residents, in which almost all of them opposed the construction of the landfill and demanded not to change the designation of land from agricultural to industrial.

Officially, the question of changing the purpose of land was to be decided by the deputies of the rural Council. However, local MPs also agreed to change the land designation and refused to order a public hearing to amend the master plan of the rural settlement. Then on 24 August 2017 district administration has dismissed rural the Duma and set new elections. Was also banned any public Assembly, except for two permitted areas in the district Iznoskovo and in the village of Myatlevo, 45 kilometers from Michala.

On the eve of new elections scheduled for may 27, 2018, the population of the village began to grow rapidly: if 1 January in Michalak lived 131 voter, by may, their number rose to 241 people. According to the Protocol of the election Commission, even there were not ready for such growth and only 230 printed ballot papers. As found by the activists, most of the new residents was spelled out in two village houses, whose owners have been living in Moscow. With the number of voters has grown and the number of candidates. If the last election for the seven seats in the Duma claimed eight candidates, in 2018 the number of bidders, uvelichilos 26 people.

Six deputies of the previous convocation, election Commission denied registration because of inaccuracies in the documents. Of the seven new MPs, only two were written in Michalak, and others — businessmen, owners of construction companies registered in Moscow or Kaluga. Chairman of the Board of deputies became the inhabitant of the regional centre Alexey Tyurenkov, the employee of one of divisions of the Ministry of economic development of Kaluga region.

Shortly after the election of the new Parliament has appointed a public hearing on the transfer of part of the land for the construction of ecotechnopark “Kaluga”. The project, developed the “MosvodokanalNIIproekt”, under the creation of ecotechnopark will be allocated 1600 hectares. There will be located in a waste sorting complex, a factory for processing plastic, a complex for production of thermal and electric energy and greenhouses for growing vegetables. However, while we are talking only about the first phase of construction — the creation of a site for waste neutilizate 2-5-th class of danger.

Every year on the ground in Mihaly plan to bring 1,378 million tons of garbage. After completion of construction of waste sorting complex volume increase to 1,813 million tons; on the ground you can bury a little more than 900 thousand tons. The total capacity of the landfill should be 40.1 million tons of waste to be stored for 46 years. What happens to the garbage at the end of this period, the designers did not specify. The customer of construction ecotechnopark — LLC “Proseminars”. According to the register, the main owner of the company is JSC “Mosvodokanal”, owned by the government of Moscow. Head of the company “Proseminars” a former employee of the Department of construction of Moscow Oleg Pankratov, part-time Deputy Director of “Technopark”, renting land in the Archangel Cheese.

Arkhangelsk and Kaluga region not only where the government of Moscow can accommodate household waste. As told to “Medusa” two sources in city hall, for debris removal are considered sites in several regions, particularly in Yaroslavl and Kostroma regions. Negotiations on the removal of garbage in these regions are underway, confirmed the “jellyfish” and a source in RZD. Project in Kostroma region previously mentioned the Deputy Chairman of the Council for study of productive forces under Ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation Alexey Supremely: “I know a place — a former backup rate of army staff near Kostroma. There are about 500 square kilometers in total along with access roads — including train — and there are a variety of options of burial: bunkers, open space, and so on,” he says.

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The organization of the landfill in this area — a project of the defense Ministry. Last year the Agency created the FSUE “Oboronpromcomplex”, which is engaged in the project for the establishment of waste treatment plants on-site vacant units. “Negotiations are underway with the military, but they are sluggish and at the initial stage”, — says a source in the Moscow government.

The complex at the Slaughterhouse

To take out the trash from Moscow, it is necessary to pack and load. During the presentation of the project in Chiese Moscow officials talked about the construction of the loading of the cluster in Lyubertsy treatment facilities in the district of Nekrasovka. However, as we found out, “Medusa”, similar complexes are also built in other Moscow areas, such as in industrial zones in Chertanovo for the plaque. According to the documents, they are built by the same companies who are creating new landfills in different regions.

On 23 October, the Institute “Moszhilniiproekt”, owned by the Moscow mayor’s office has floated a tender for the development of project documentation for ventilation for the “Production and handling of the cluster” built on the territory of the abandoned train station Massacre near the metro station “Volgograd prospectus”. From the construction site of the future complex with the nearest houses about 450 meters. According to the technical specifications, the ventilation should clear the air of dust, ammonia, dihydrochloride, hydrochloride, benzene, hexane, and other substances. Previously, the ventilation project with the same technical specifications of the structure of the city hall was booked for another loading and unloading of the cluster, located in the Moscow district of Nekrasovka. Correspondent of “Medusa”, who visited the construction sites of the objects, make sure that their sizes on Taganka and in Nekrasovka coincide. According to the Rosreestr, in the end of August 2018 JSC “Mosvodokanal” transferred territory in Sochi company “Proseminars”, which is developing a landfill in the Kaluga region.


Как устроен мусорный бизнес Москвы


Ivan Golunov / “Medusa”



Как устроен мусорный бизнес Москвы


Ivan Golunov / “Medusa”




“Medusa” unable to find contracts for the construction of loading and unloading of clusters on the territory of Moscow, as well as landfills in the Arkhangelsk and Kaluga regions. However, permission for construction of objects not found and law enforcement. But in the process of searching it turned out that the construction of the landfill in the Kaluga region and cluster on Taganka, apparently, is one organization that is close to the city hall of Moscow.


In the Kaluga region due to the lack of permits, the police fined the organization OOO road group leading the construction work. Work on the construction of the loading and unloading of the cluster at the Taganka in conversation with the correspondent of “Medusa” refused to say the name of the company but for “liaisons” gave the phone number, matching contacts “road groups.”


In addition, in the Archangel Cheese workers told local activists that they were hired to work in Moscow GBU “highways” (responsible for repair and maintenance of streets in the capital).


“Road group” was registered in late 2010. Less than a year, the company won the largest contract for 522,6 million rubles under the program of replacing asphalt on the paving of the Central streets of the city initiated by mayor Sergei Sobyanin. 2014 “road group” became the largest contractor of the state motor roads for the replacement of pavement and curbs on the main streets of Moscow. As found RBC, about a third of the contracts GBU “roads” gets “road group” and associated companies. In addition, the holding company participated in the improvement program “My street”. After a series of publications RBC on the “road group” is the main owner of this company became JSC “Arctic invest”, not revealing to its shareholders.


The majority of the founders of the “road group” is now occupied posts at the Moscow city hall. Alexey Eliseev, who owned 25% shares of the company in 2016 is headed by the capital Department of capital repairs, the office oversees the program “My street”. Aleksey Menshov (owned 25% stake) holds the post of Deputy head of the GBU “highways”. A former co-founder and Director of “road groups” 36-year-old Mikhail Nesterov, according to the register, was the first General Director of OOO “Technopark” renting is now the territory under construction of the landfill in Cheese.

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