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How Manhattan looked prior to the beginning of urbanization. Photo

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. ФотоNow it is one of the most prestigious areas of new York.

One of the biggest problems of the modern world is progressing urbanization. No country manages to avoid the overcrowding of large cities and the extinction of small villages and towns. Very interesting project, developed by American scientist, trying to show people what they already lost due to such mindless management and what can we expect in the future, for example, one of the largest boroughs of new York city – Manhattan.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

One of the most famous and densely populated areas of new York is Manhattan (Manhattan) with concentration in it the cultural and financial life of the city. Of course, it committed a large number of people, which in turn forces them to build up its huge skyscrapers and the maximum use of every square meter of land.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

Unfortunately, this leads to disastrous consequences both from the point of view of ecology and landscape as a whole. Already scientifically proven irreparable harm as dense developments not only for the people and the environment, but even for climatic conditions.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

To get people to think about the consequences, Eric W. Sanderson, who is a senior fellow of the Society of wildlife conservation (WCS) examined the stages of urbanization of Manhattan and put them in the book Mannahatta: “Natural history of new York” (Abrams, 2009). This book became a best seller and the best-selling book of the United States.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

Scientist for 10 years worked on the project “Mannahatta”, conducting historical research of the location of all streams, ponds, even the smallest sources, the coast and hills, the forest and the inhabitants of the wild nature of the island of Mannahatta (translated as Island of many hills), on the eve of Henry Hudson (Henry Hudson, we have more known under the name of Henry Hudson river) in 1609.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

Although the discoverer of these places is the Italian Navigator Giovanni de Verazzano, but only after the expedition of the Hudson at the site of modern new York appeared first European settlement.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

It is noteworthy, but this island was purchased from the local tribes for only $ 24 and a few bright trinkets. Here then began the mass destruction of all natural beauty and gradual transformation into the most powerful economic and cultural center of not only the US but around the globe.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

Because Sanderson is also responsible for the WCS project called the Human Footprint, which seeks to assess and compare the impact of humanity on the natural environment of the globe, he helped create a three-dimensional model of the island and a map that represented on the website welikia.org and in the American Museum of natural history.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

The whole story changes the landscape of the island is reflected in the Draft.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

Visitors with great pleasure paseuth this unusual space, because it is on a three-dimensional model of the island are projected not only old maps of Manhattan, but also created a naturalist pristine open spaces with all the beauty of wild nature.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

Here is a clear demonstration, as year after year the Europeans have rolled up in asphalt this extraordinary piece and built up its gigantic skyscrapers that left no room for forests or lakes, and their inhabitants destroyed, too.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

Currently, Sanderson is working on the Welikia project, which focuses on historical and contemporary ecology of the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, Staten island and the surrounding waters, as well as developing a new 3D model – 2400 Mannahatta, which will help the public imagine what will happen to Manhattan and other cities over the next four years.

Как выглядел Манхэттен до начала урбанизации. Фото

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