Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood pushes from the heart to the walls of blood vessels.
It is very important to regularly monitor your pressure and know what pressure is considered normal.
Too high pressure can lead to heart failure or rupture of the aneurysm. Hypertension is a major cause of bleeding in the brain.
Blood pressure corresponds to the force of blood that circulates through the vessels. It is measured in two stages with the use of the tensiometer, the result is two numbers-the rate specified in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg.St.) or centimeters of mercury (cmhg.St.). These two numbers refer to systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Systolic blood pressure is measured when the heart. Blood ejected from the heart and the pressure on the walls of blood vessels becomes stronger. Diastolic blood pressure is measured when the heart relaxes.
As a rule, normal blood pressure is less than 140/90 mm Hg.St. when measured by a doctor; and less than 135/85 mm Hg.St., when you measure the pressure yourself. It is believed that at home the pressure is measured in a relaxed state.
Pressure is normal in the case where you do not suffer from hypertension or orthostatic arterial hypotension (blood pressure drops when you stand).
Blood pressure is considered optimal when the parameter of the systolic blood pressure below 120 mm Hg.St., a diastolic rate less than 80 mm Hg.St.
Normal pressure indicator when systolic 120-129 mm Hg.St., and diastolic pressure ranges between 80-84 mm Hg.St.
High blood pressure is considered normal when the systolic figure is between 130-139 mm Hg.St., diastolic 85-89 mm Hg.St.
Each person has their own blood pressure. It can depend on various factors: family, genetic, salt… Weight also plays a role. A person suffering from obesity will be a completely different pressure than a person with normal weight. Diabetics most often are victims of hypertension, as their vessels are more rigid, and thus the pressure is higher. With age, the arteries harden, so older people at risk of developing hypertension.
Blood pressure varies throughout the day depending on your activity. During exercise it increases and decreases during rest. These changes are quite normal.
Usually on reception at the doctor blood pressure is higher than at home. This increase is caused by stress. Any activity and emotions lead to an increase in pressure. Even pain can cause it to increase. And it is quite normal.
Regular exercise has a positive effect on blood pressure. When performing physical exercise for 30 minutes three times a week, you can count on a reduction of pressure on average by 2-3 mm Hg.St.
How to regulate blood pressure
To regulate blood pressure, you must take it a rule following good habits.
Adhere to a healthy diet.
To reduce the consumption of salt. Salt increases blood volume and thus increases pressure. The recommended dose per day – 5-6 g.
Engage in regular exercise.
Do not abuse alcohol.
To quit Smoking. Tobacco the arteries become more rigid and vulnerable. Smokers are much more vulnerable to cardiovascular diseases than non-smokers.
Try not to gain weight, exercise, don’t eat too much salty foods, and limit alcohol consumption. It is recommended to eat five fruits and vegetables a day. As the sport best suited walking, fast walking, Cycling, swimming.
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