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Five most unusual aircraft ever built. Photo

Пять самых необычных самолетов в истории авиастроения. ФотоPeople sometimes have strange ideas.

As there is no limit to perfection, and the flight of the inventive idea is not to stop, especially in the desire to conquer the sky. On the only people who fly… Here are just five crazy ideas of aircraft, which, despite the absurdity, has been realized from wingless to air.

Пять самых необычных самолетов в истории авиастроения. Фото


The aircraft and long-range bombardment was a crucial year for aviation of any country, and world war II proved this fact. In 1941, due to failures in the Pacific war, the U.S. army necessitated the creation of a long range bomber that could reach enemy territory, and after the combat mission to go back. However, the draft during the war and has not carried out. Shestimotorny bomber Convair B-36 appeared already in 1946.

In parallel with the development of the bomber was also a competition for the project of the fighter escort. Of all the proposed for consideration of the options seemed the most realistic project of the company McDonell. The company offered the fighter “parasitic” type that would be all the flight was located inside the bomber, and in the case of a threat would be issued out through the bomb Bay. After the attack fighter “caught” on a difficult trapezoidal design and dragged back to the bomber-giant. Despite its innovation, this idea can not be called innovative — over 20 years before the advent of the Convair B-36 this method has already been tested on the airships.

In General, the project McDonnell XF-85 Goblin was quite successful. From August 1948, the aircraft went through several test flights, during which it became clear that the main problem is not in the plane, and the attachment points and the difficulty of docking with the carrier aircraft.

Because of its shape Goblin was also named the “flying egg”, he is still the youngest fighter in the history of aviation (length — 4.53 m).

Due to problems docking and weak performance of the U.S. air force eventually canceled the program Goblin. Later they began to focus on the far refueling aircraft, a much more practical solution to the problem of escort bombers.

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Пять самых необычных самолетов в истории авиастроения. Фото

Inflatable plane

In 1955, the American army did the company Goodyear Aircraft Company ordering a project on inflatable rescue plane. According to the plan of the military, the plane had to be dumped on the ground using a parachute in a rigid container with a volume of 1.25 cubic meters and the landing to swell within a few minutes. Despite seeming to date the absurdity of the idea, Goodyear successfully coped with the project in a record time of 12 weeks.

Inflatable Goodyear Inflatoplane, The plane was produced in two versions — single GA-468 and double GA-466. Two versions differed wingspan, length, engine power (40 HP and 60 HP), speed (116 km/h and 110 km/h) and range (630 km and 443 km). Practical flight ceiling for both modifications was 3000 m. the Takeoff run is about 80 meters.

The first flight took place on 13 February 1956. All the years of existence of the project produced 12 aircraft. During one test flight the accident occurred, which killed the pilot Lieutenant Wallis. Overall, the project proved to be unprofitable, safety inflatable aircraft left much to be desired. The project closed in 1973.

Пять самых необычных самолетов в истории авиастроения. Фото

The flying bath

The development of wingless aircraft was connected with the desire of NASA to create a manageable capsule to return astronauts to Earth.

Numerous tests and calculations suggested and optimal form for these shuttles is the wrong cone. The flow around the hull at high speeds the decay of the pressure difference on the lower and upper part of the device creating a lifting force that positively affects the handling of the aircraft.

In appearance, all five of NASA projects was about the same. The toe of the plane had glazing in the lower part for a better overview, in the form it was always palukanos with two vertical fins without the outer elevons, the rudders were used in the role of the brake flaps.

In just three years of testing has produced more than 400 lifts vehicles from earth and about 80 flights per aircraft. The projects were quite successful, but with the beginning of the project “Shuttle” the need for these mini-shuttles anymore.

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Пять самых необычных самолетов в истории авиастроения. Фото


As part of operation Paperclip, the US has delivered many promising scientists. Among them was a German aircraft designer Alexander Lippish Creator jet interceptor Messerschmitt Me 163. Lippie different from a truly unique perspective on the aviation industry.

He worked in the United States, but in 1967 he was able to return to Germany. Dornier invited Lippie to further develop its old piston-unmanned aircraft Aerodyne. The designer consulted for the engineers who design the system, known as the Dornier E-1.

Work on the project was carried out from 1968 to 1971. In 1972, the Dornier E-1 has successfully passed flight trials, demonstrating a mild climb and minimal defects upon landing.

Despite the success, the project was never put into production. The Bundeswehr has lost interest in him after the decision to use for reconnaissance manned aircraft.

Пять самых необычных самолетов в истории авиастроения. Фото

Pregnant guppy

The US space program has moved forward and the aircraft industry. Rapid technological race required large amounts of transportation for the construction of the spaceport at Cape Canaveral and deliver on his part of the rocket. Conventional transport aircraft suited for this purpose bad — the loads were heavy and odd-shaped.

The project is a larger one and lifting the transporters instructed to develop “Boeing”, which a year later presented the result. The new models were B-377 Stratocruiser modification, 1947. The fuselage was extended by more than five meters, increased cargo Bay.

As a result, the aircraft acquired a very unusual contours, received the name of the 377-PG. The letters PG were transferred as a Pregnant Guppy (“pregnant guppy”). The capacity of the new aircraft reached 26 tons. Later model aircraft upgraded to the Super Guppy, which could deliver cargo to the quarter of hundreds of tons at a distance up to thousands of kilometers at a speed of 430 km/h.

“Pregnant guppy” fly until 70 years when they were replaced by similar modifications of the “Boeing-747” and “Airbus a-300”.

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