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Famous geniuses who suffered from mental problems. Photo

Знаменитые гении, страдавшие от психических проблем. ФотоThis did not prevent them to become famous.

How much in our mind the names of famous people about whom we know a lot, but superficially. But every man is not only his achievements or the trail he left behind. The main thing is his soul.

Often, Recalling Einstein, Michael Jackson, Hemingway, and other famous people who went about their business and had achieved a lot of heights, we think, “They were geniuses, and I’m a simple man.” But the thought of you on the Board, which catches up with every genius. Because they are different, their thinking is different from ours, their ideas are always from the category of “Well, how could anyone think of this before?”, and the products of their work is always a masterpiece: whether it be an invention, a song, a theory, a painting or a novel.

What is the fee for similar, known only to themselves geniuses…and psychiatrists. I offer to be “on the other side of the couch” and understand at least a bit of the mysterious soul known geniuses. Welcome to our clinic!

Знаменитые гении, страдавшие от психических проблем. Фото

Patient No. 1. Nikola Tesla

1. OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder)

Getting up in the morning, Nicola drank a familiar and favorite Cup of coffee – he refused from it. When the doctors told him that “the devil” the Cup affects the pressure, he just pulled out this habit of his heart, like so many others. Wanting to fully control his will, often he’s been used to some pernicious habit, so then with ease and pride to give it up. For him, it was a victory of reason.
At Breakfast, the scientist drank a glass of milk and eating only bread. Of course, a healthy diet he did not come immediately, he had a period when Tesla every day to drink whiskey as a brain stimulation. But once the struggle of the mind for supremacy, the scientist decided to radically care about their health and therefore refused all the bad habits to which it was assigned non-vegetarian food.

If Tesla lived in the modern world, he would certainly have been diagnosed with OCD because of his delusions, and associated anxiety and rituals, the purpose of which was the anxiety to soften.

2. The schizoid

Additional benefits for your health Nicola thought daily ten-mile walk, which was committed to them alone.
“In the uninterrupted solitude of the mind is becoming sharper. In order to think and invent don’t need a big lab. Ideas are born in the absence of the influence on the mind and the external environment. The secret ingenuity alone. In solitude ideas are born” © Tesla

3. Manic desire to clean

The restaurant he had his own personal table, which was not allowed to sit down even in his absence. If (forbid, alternating current!) on the tablecloth sat a fly, the restaurant workers were forced to change and the dishes and the tablecloth. Kitchen was running a special sterilization before you get on the table a great scientist. But even this did not save her from the additional cleaning wipes, which Tesla spent the whole stack.
And that’s when everything was squeaky clean, you could eat. And there is no need to perform another ritual to ensure that the volume of the plate is equal to three cubic meters. With number three he generally had a sublime relationship: he settled only in the hotel rooms, which were divided into three; before you enter the building, he went around it three times, and asked me to bring him in the room that is 18 towels (divided into three) every day.

4. Hatred of tactile contact with other people

As his whole life was devoted to science, the only entertainment Tesla was walking. It is a little with whom communicated, and forbid the current, try to shake his hand! In Nikola was an absolute hatred of touch, and like he could afford only the closest.
Under the close refers to the friends from the Serb committed no family or at least beloved woman. There is no mention that he ever was in love, and given his intolerance of touch, it is safe to say that the joys of love were also assigned them a category of unwanted habits.

5. Love and doves

Although there is still one fact about the boundless love of Tesla to another living being:
“I was feeding pigeons, thousands of pigeons, for many years, there are thousands But there was one pigeon, a beautiful, pure white with light gray spots on the wings. It was different from others. It was a dove. I’d know her anywhere. Wherever I was, she always found me. When I wanted to see her, I had only to wish and call her and she came to me. She understood me and I understood her. I loved that pigeon, I loved her as a man loves a woman, and she loved me. When she got sick, I found out about it and understand it. She flew to my room, and I remained beside her for a few days. I nursed her, trying to heal her. This pigeon was a joy of my life. If she needed me, nothing mattered. While I had her, my life was filled with meaning. But one night, when I’m in the dark laying in bed, thinking, as usual, on the problems, she flew through the open window and sat on my Desk. I understand what she needs, she wanted to tell me something important and I got up and walked over to her. When I saw her I realized that she wants to tell me – she died When the pigeon died, something went out of my life” © Tesla

Tesla and his love of pigeons is an inexplicable mystery for psychologists. He went to feed them almost every day, and when it didn’t work, then they hired this boy. He could go feed the pigeons at three o’clock, speaking randomly met friends that does not have time to talk – he’s important.

Знаменитые гении, страдавшие от психических проблем. Фото

Patient No. 2. Edgar Allan PoE

1. Hydrophobia

When I was very young, he played at the tree, near the pond. Safely Vilesse to branch over the middle of the pond, he could not resist and fell into the water. Since the boy could not swim, he immediately began to sink. When he pulled out of the water, he was not breathing. The boy hardly pumped out, and can say, back from the brink. It had consequences – the Edgar developed hydrophobia (the fear he very clearly conveyed in his story “the Overthrow in the Maelstrom”). And close acquaintance with death white thread runs through all his work.

2. Philophobia

In two years died the writer’s mother. And although he didn’t remember – has faithfully kept her in the heart and trauma of losing his soul. Maybe because of this loss he is so attached to his stepmother, who became his closest person. But when was 20 years old, and she died. The pain of losing two mothers was so strong that he before the end of his days afraid of someone to love. Of course, he was married, but the marriage had been a bit aloof, trying to save themselves from future losses and experiences.
“I shunned your presence and even the city where you lived…” from letters to a beloved woman

3. Taphophobia

Interestingly, the death of the stepmother gave the writer another phobia. When he came to the funeral, then spent the night at the tomb of the women, crying and screaming that she was alive and she was buried alive. Over time this fear came over him in relation to himself.

4. Depression

I think after all is said, it is not surprising that the author was chronic depression (although in her presence sure all who have read his stories – there’s just no options!). “Black Blues” led him to alcoholism and addictions to opium, not so poorly spoiled his life, and then completely took it over.

Знаменитые гении, страдавшие от психических проблем. Фото

Patient No. 3. Vincent Van Gogh

1. Depression

Well, everything seems clear: where do without it in the life of a creative person. But it is interesting that due to the depression, van Gogh was addicted to absinthe. At that time, it was not a safe drink, alcohol mixed with hallucinogens, one manifestation of which was a vision in yellow. That is addicted to absinthe, Vincent suddenly began to paint in yellow tones. Coincidence? I don’t think!

2. Epileptic psychosis

This statement is not exact, but many facts from the biography of Vincent are direct symptoms of epilepsy. And at the moment, this is the loudest argument in the discussion why the painter cut off his ear. If we consider this event from the perspective of epilepsy, the ear he cut off himself in a fit that happened to him with enviable regularity. In such a moment, he could rush across the room, there’s paint or to freeze in one position.

3. Disease Miniera

Again, the diagnosis is controversial. This disease is accompanied by constant unbearable ringing in the ears and develops in the period of 30-50 years. Some psychiatrists grabbed the ringing as cause an irresistible urge to van Gogh to get rid of the discomfort and as a consequence – cutting off his ear. Sounds interesting, but unlikely, as in his letters to his brother, the artist no bells not mentioned. But the attacks are very even.

4. Manic-depressive psychosis

This disease is accompanied by constant UPS and downs of mood. It is in the “raised” moment Vincent could write day and night, creating several masterpieces a day. And in the “decadent” mood, he could do strange things – cut off his ear lobe for example.

Знаменитые гении, страдавшие от психических проблем. Фото

Patient No. 4. Franz Kafka

1. Pathologically low self-esteem

Yes, my good, serious manifestations is not a character trait, and mental illness. This pathology is formed in childhood, those who are caregivers (most often parents, sometimes other relatives or teachers).

Kafka was a terrible relationship with his father, who was stern and tyrannical method of education. To confirm the diagnosis here is the excerpt from a letter from Franz to his father:

“One night I whined, begging him to drink, certainly not because she was thirsty, but probably partly to annoy you, and partly for fun. After strong threats did not help, did You pull me out of bed, washed up on the balcony and left there for some time one, in the shirt, front of the locked door. I don’t want to say that it was wrong, perhaps, in a different way then in the night, it was impossible to achieve peace – I just want to describe Your methods of upbringing and their effect on me. Then of course, I immediately calmed down, but I suffered deep harm. In temperament I was not able to establish the linkages between absolutely clear to me, even meaningless, to give to drink and indescribable horror, tested with expulsion from the room. Years later I was still suffering from the painful submission as the huge man, my father, the high court, almost for no reason the night can come to me, to get out of bed and make it to the balcony, so this is what a jerk I was for him” © Kafka

Because of this relationship the French for life preserved this sense of “insignificance” in front of others (remember his novel “the metamorphosis”).

2. Pathological mistrust of the outside world

This is a consequence from the tyranny of the father has reached the point that even a mother’s love and care (which, it should be noted, was not committed openly and secretly), he was seen as a fatherly crime laws.
“That’s right, the mother was exceedingly kind to me, but all of this for me was in connection with You, hence the bad connection. Mother unwittingly played the role of beater on the hunt” © Kafka

3. The schizoid

One of the clearest manifestations of schizoid pathology was introvertive behavior. It’s not the introversion, which can now be found in every 10th person. Introversion Kafka was deeper, it all was screaming about alienation from the world.

According to Makarov (psychiatrist, lecturer in the Institute), the surrounding is very thin of justoutside, as around them like an invisible wall that won’t let anyone through.

“We all loved him and appreciated, but we never could be completely honest with him, he always seemed surrounded by some kind of glass wall. With his calm and kind smile, he let the world come to him, but he was closed to the world” © classmate Kafka

Знаменитые гении, страдавшие от психических проблем. Фото

Patient No. 5. Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol

1. Manic-depressive psychosis

Hello again! This diagnosis is most often appears next to the name of the writer. For such diagnosis is an undeniable fact that lies in the history of Nicholas. Both of his parents suffered from this disease, and in this situation, a manifestation of the child TIR is 67 %.
What is expressed the disease from the writer himself? All the same, referred to van Gogh, the races sentiment. Their influence on creativity was just the same: when depressive bouts Goldeneye “recruited” in their visions (think of “Viy”, “Evenings on a farm…”, and when hypomanic – with joyful excitement began to write.

2. Phobia Terrible judgment and hell

This fear, he was awarded a loving mother, who in depressive phases used to tell Nicholas about the last judgment and that he is there waiting. This phobia is so ingrained in his consciousness that, in his depressive bouts, he saw a nightmarish vision, where it dragged on judgment.

3. Tanatofobiya

This phobia manifested itself in a writer in his panic and terror of sudden death. I do not need to be a genius to understand where legs grow this fear – thank you mother, for cute children’s heart stories!

Genius is another mask of madness

As you can see, the genius who didn’t become interesting clinical case for psychiatry does not exist. If you delve into this issue, you’ll see what kind of genius are always mental problems. Examples of this: Jackson, Einstein, Freud, Tolstoy, Newton, Da Vinci, Salvador Dali and others.

There was no definition of the edges of the norm. How do you know the normal you or not?! Whatever the measure does not take – all Procrustean bed! Therefore, the border between genius and madness, between oddity and the clinic is not something that is blurred, in principle, does not exist.

Знаменитые гении, страдавшие от психических проблем. Фото

So, don’t throw stones-diagnosis and scream about someone that he is insane. Who knows, it just did normal, as his mental and psychiatric features are a clear sign of individuality.

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