Millennium encased in wood – the wooden Church of stavkirke.
Medieval wooden churches of Norway (stavkirke) were built primarily of wood and included in the list of the most outstanding architectural masterpieces of the period.
These historical buildings are concentrated across Northern Europe, but the most interesting examples preserved in Norway. Unique stavkirke the 12th and 13th centuries can be seen throughout the country, wherever you went on a journey.
The Church Of Flesberg
Built in the late 12th century stave Church of Flesberg located in the County of Buskerud. She has undergone a major renovation in the mid-18th century, resulting from the original structure is almost nothing left. What does the Church of Flesberg especially interesting is the surrounding fence with iron rings on top. Historically, each ring belonged to a certain person. To it he tied his horse during a visit to the Church.
The stave Church from Gol
As the name suggests, the stave Church from Gol was originally located in Gol. Today, this wooden Church can be found at the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History in Oslo. The building had to be demolished about a hundred years ago, to make room for the new Church, but king Oscar II decided to keep the Church as a Museum exhibit. Unusual design with roofs of different heights so impressive that the world was made multiple exact copies of the Norwegian Church. One of them is even in North Dakota, USA.
Undredal Church was built in 1147 in the small village of Undredal, which is located right on the banks of Aurlandsfjord. This Church is one of the smallest of its kind that still operates in Norway. Stavkirke accommodates only 40 people in the audience sizes 4 to 12 meters. Like many medieval churches of Norway, Undredal repeatedly moved, and while there were minor changes in the project.
The Røldal stave Church is unique in its kind, as it serves as both a Museum and a functioning Church. In two Sundays of each month, parishioners gather in the Church at Røldal service. The rest of the time structure of the 13th century is open to the public as a Museum. Stored in the Church wooden sculptures from the 13th century depicting the biblical story. Among them is a statue of the virgin Mary with Jesus and the appearance of the Archangel Michael. The wooden Church is one of the reasons to visit Norway.
Kaupungissa Church of the 12th century functioned continuously for over 800 years, serving as a vivid example of local cultural and historical heritage. From other older churches in Norway it is distinguished by a greater number of wooden columns. In the 19th century had a serious reconstruction, has violated the original design of stavkirke. Fortunately, most of these ill-conceived changes were abolished in the 1960s, after which the image of the Church became more consistent with its medieval origins.
The Church Reinli
Reinli wooden Church was built in the 12th century in the County of Oppland. It was the third structure built on this site. What is surprising is that the previous structure was a pagan temple. Stavkirke Reinli looks more traditional than some of the other stave churches in Norway, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the distant past and learn about its architecture intact. In the 20th century a series of renovations have updated the building, without violating the overall project. Was electricity, light and heating.
Near the tiny village of Vicaire is one of the most popular attractions of Norway – stavkirke Hopperstad. Built in the early 12th-century structure is one of the oldest wooden churches in Norway. To the 19th century, however, it was abandoned and part wood finish dismantled. Fortunately, the Church. the Church was purchased by indifferent patrons and restored. The triple nave is still an important feature Hopperstad as the altar in honor of the virgin Mary.
Urnes stave Church
Built in the 12th century Urnes stave Church is surrounded by the picturesque beauty of the Norwegian fjords and vast green fields. Being one of the early wooden churches, it serves as a link between the religions of the Vikings and the Western Christianity. Inside you can see many images of animals from the Bible and Norse mythology. The Church is not used for regular services, but the locals still carry out in the unique structure of wedding ceremonies and baptism.
Stavkirke in Borgone
Stavkirke in Borgone is one of the best preserved wooden churches of Norway. Built between 1180 and 1250 years the Church has the location of the Basilica with several tiers of overhanging roofs. With the end of the 19th century, the Church was not used for religious purposes, but today it is open as a Museum to the public. You should pay special attention to the writing on the wall that date back to the time of the 13th century.
The Church in Heddal
The largest of all wooden churches in Norway the stave Church is in Heddle. The building was built in the early 13th century, and its origin is rather unusual roots. The legend says that the huge wooden Church was created in just three days by five local farmers. Still there is much debate about the veracity of this legend, which adds intrigue to the history of the Church. The facade of stavkirke Heddle was recovered 19-x – 20-x centuries, while the interior has undergone major changes under Lutheran control in the 16th century.
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