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Fabulous Rio from the height of bird flight. Photo

Сказочный Рио с высоты птичьего полета. ФотоA unique trip on the most beautiful city in Brazil.

Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city in Brazil, with a population of 6.4 million people. Located on the shores of the Atlantic ocean, with two sides surrounded by mountains and the sea. The main attraction of Rio — statue of Christ the Redeemer.

City “crystal dreams” Ostap Bender where it was placed tipster, “all without exception wear white pants” actually turned out to be a city of contrasts. Rio de Janeiro is famous for its annual Brazilian carnival, but the city’s consistently high level of crime and on the slopes of the surrounding mountains huddle squalid dwellings — the favelas — the poorest neighborhoods of the city.

Photos and text of Fame Stepanova

1. The Portuguese founded Rio de Janeiro in the middle of the XVI century. Himself Guanabara Bay, on the Western shore of which is a metropolis, January 1, 1502 discovered by Gaspar de Lemos. However, the Portuguese sailor took the Bay for the mouth of a large river, and this misunderstanding gave the city its name: “January river”.

Rio de Janeiro for many years was the capital: first the colonies, then the United Kingdom of Portugal and Brazil, then the Brazilian Empire, and finally to 1960 — the Republic of Brazil.

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2. The main attraction and the symbol of Rio-de-Janeiro — statue of Christ the Redeemer. It was built about 9 years and opened in October 1931. In 2007, about 90 million Internet users in the vote included a monument among the seven “new wonders of the world”.

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3. The statue of Christ the Redeemer located in the national Park of Tijuca at the top of Corcovado mountain. The height of the monument with pedestal is 38 meters, weight — 635 tons, span is 28 meters.

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4. The highest point in Rio de Janeiro, the sculpture becomes the target for electrical discharges. This files most often why is suffering right hand on it in 2013 and 2014, the lightning were chipping off fragments of his fingers. For Express repair, the statue created a supply of stone from which it is made.

At the foot of the statue at an altitude of 700 meters above sea level is an observation deck with panoramic views of the city and the Bay.

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5. Every year the statue of Christ the Redeemer rises about 2 million tourists. To provide such a flow helps the railroad. It was built in the late XIX century. Its length is 3.8 km path to the top takes 20 minutes.

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6. The idea of erecting the statue of Christ the Redeemer originated in 1921, on the eve of the 100th anniversary of the national independence of Brazil. All parts of the monument were made in France, at the top of Corcovado mountain, they were transported by rail.

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7. Botafogo prestigious area (and the homonymous beach) in the South-East of Rio de Janeiro. Live here, mostly wealthy upper-class businessmen.

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8. “Bay Bay”. Artificial Bay Marina da Gloria, built in 2006 to the pan American games in Rio for competition sailboats. Sailors competed here during the summer Olympics of 2016.

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9. The business center of Rio de Janeiro. In the background is a large bridge over Guanabara Bay.

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10. Among the skyscrapers in downtown Rio is nestled municipal Opera and ballet theatre on the square in Cinelandia. Opened in 1909. The final competition of architects went the Brazilian and the Frenchman. The Brazilian was the son of the local prefect. In order to prevent accusations of favoritism, the final draft of the municipal theatre in neo-Renaissance style adopted in the form of a compilation of ideas of domestic and overseas authors.

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11. Throughout the twentieth century due to the growing population of city theater several times reconstructed and expanded. Today it seats more than 2,300 spectators.

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12. The Arcos da Lapa arches in downtown Rio de Janeiro is a vivid example of architecture and engineering of the colonial period. The maximum height of 17.6 m. Since the mid-eighteenth century, brought water from the Carioca river to the population of the city. Prior to this, surrounded by swamps Rio water was carried manually.

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13. Since the late nineteenth century has ceased to operate as intended aqueduct is a railway bridge. On it goes only remaining city tram St. Theresa. The popular route connects the city centre with the Santa Teresa. It was closed in 2011 after the disaster and the deaths of 6 people. Enhancing security, traffic resumed in 2015.

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14. The famous selaron steps rose to prominence in the late XX century, when the Chilean artist Jorge Selarón decided to lay out the mosaic stairs near his house in downtown Rio. Poor Brazilian colleague helped artists from around the world, the tile mosaic in the red and also yellow-blue-green spectrum (colors of the Brazilian flag) sent from 60 countries, including from Russia.

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15. Length passing through two quarters of ladder exceeds 120 meters, it has over 200 steps. One of them in 2013 was found the body of Jorge Selarón with burns from the ignited solvent. The artist died near his famous work. The cause of death has still not been fully elucidated. The police did not rule out murder or suicide.

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16. Cultural center of the naval forces. The historical building of the headquarters of the Brazilian Navy built in the early nineteenth century. Today in the Museum you can see the ships and submarine and ship during the First World war. The center also organizes sightseeing tours in the waters of Guanabara Bay.

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17. The Avenue President Vargas. In the background is snake Island with the center of the Navy of Brazil.

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18. Monument of colonial architecture and one of the main religious buildings of Brazil, the Catholic Candelaria Church on the Avenue President Vargas. According to legend, after completing his oath, in the early XVII century it was built by two Spanish: their ship “Candelaria” almost ruined the storm, and passengers are promised the heavens to erect a Church in case of his salvation.

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19. The heart of the historical part of Rio de Janeiro- the Carioca area. In the background the Santos Dumont airport.

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20. On a hill near the area of the Carioca is one of the oldest buildings in Rio, the Monastery of St. Anthony. Its history starts in 1592, when in Rio de Janeiro came first the Franciscans, after a few years they began to build the first structures on the hill of St. Anthony.

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21. The headquarters of Petrobras, a state — controlled the largest in Brazil and the world’s seventh largest oil and gas company. Local people dislike and call “monster” non-standard 29-storey grey building made of reinforced concrete. Right photo — the more usual forms of the building of the state national development Bank.

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22. The monumental Cathedral of Rio de Janeiro. The building was built in the style of modernism in the years 1964-1979. The Cathedral is devoted to the city’s patron Saint Sebastian.

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23. The shape of the Cathedral is a truncated cone with a height of 75 meters. Inside can be up to 20 thousand people.

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24. “Museum of Tomorrow” is a major exhibition and conference center dedicated to environmental and social problems of Brazil and the entire planet. Built on a pier in the Guanabara Bay for the 2016 Olympics.

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25. A futuristic form of complex “Museum of Tomorrow” designed and implemented the famous Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava. Its total area exceeds 15,000 sq. m.

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26. “Museum of Tomorrow” uses its own power: it produce a console located on the roof of the building solar panels, during the day they will be rotated automatically following the sun.

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27. Avenue Rio Branco in downtown Rio de Janeiro.

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28. Unique street from the Sambódromo, built in 1984 specifically for the orderly conduct of the legendary Brazilian carnivals and other public events.

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29. Sambódromo da marquês de sapucaí, is a 700-meter long street with stands on 80 thousand people. During the 2016 Olympics at the place where archers competed.

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30. Contrasts. A frequent pattern for Rio shacks in the shadow of the mirrored skyscrapers.

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31. One of the main prides of the inhabitants of Rio, going crazy at the football stadium “Maracana”. Until the end of the twentieth century the arena was the largest in the world, it contained up to 200 thousand spectators. However, after a series of reconstructions, required for safety reasons, the stadium was abandoned actually free standing. Today, maracanã holds a little less than 80 thousand spectators and lost the palm. In 2016, the stadium held the opening and closing of the summer Olympic games.

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32. Central station of Brazil. The station exists since 1858, modern style building art Deco built in 1943 and is today one of the architectural landmarks of Rio de Janeiro. Every day through the Central station is 700 thousand passengers.

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33. The tower of the Central station from all sides, topped by a clock. Interesting detail: four indices often show different time. It is not in different time zones. Just mechanisms to regularly break down and watch that one or the other side up.

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34. Next to the Central station, the so-called Palace of Duque de Caxias di — skyscraper Central command of the Brazilian army.

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35. Launched in 1979, metro Rio de Janeiro has 4 lines and 40 stations. Today, the metro Rio in Brazil is the second largest after são Paulo.

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36. Brazilian cemetery.

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37. The building of the Museum of the history of the Brazilian firefighters. The regular fire stations in Brazil, was created in 1856, Emperor Pedro II.

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38. Square Tiradentes. Named after the national hero and revolutionary of Joaquim josé da Silva Xavier (Dragoon officer in his youth he studied dentistry, and why it was nicknamed “Tiradentes” — “a dentist”). Participated in the conspiracy against Portuguese colonial rule and was executed in this square on 21 April 1792. In the center is the oldest public statue in Rio, established in 1862. This equestrian figure, proclaimed the country’s independence, the first Emperor of Brazil, Pedro I.

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39. The snake island. It is a complex of buildings serving the Brazilian Navy: yard, Arsenal, headquarters, and Central hospital of the Navy, the high command of the marine corps, etc.

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40. The aircraft carrier “Sao Paulo” at the pier at Snake island. Built in France, since 2000, is in service with the Brazilian Navy.

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41. The frigate of the Navy of Brazil between bosisio (F 48) in dry dock on Snake island.

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42. The longest (13 290 meters) and high (72 meters) in Brazil bridge over Guanabara Bay. Connects the municipalities of Rio de Janeiro and Niteroi. Built in 1974 and named after the then head of state, President Costa and Silva, the initiator device terminal.

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43. One of the two main airports of Rio de Janeiro- Santos Dumont. Named after the Brazilian aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont.

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44. The legendary Copacabana is a 4 km-long sandy beach located South from the center of Rio de Janeiro. Its name got from the name once located there fishing village. Along the beach promenade Avenida Atlantica. In 50-ies of XX century, there lived the representatives of the artistic Bohemia, today a house on the waterfront was bought up by wealthy Brazilians. On Copacabana regular concerts with a huge gathering of the public. In 1994, the performance of rod Stewart with 3.5 million viewers entered the Guinness Book of records.

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45. Frontage on the beach watching the Copacabana Palace is the most prestigious hotel in Rio. The complex consists of an 8-storey main and a 14-storey Annex buildings.

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46. Copacabana. Almost all Rio de Janeiro is located between hills and mountains.

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47.

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48. Ipanema is another famous place on the map of Rio (including through popular music “the Girl from Ipanema”). Prestigious area in the southern part of Rio and the beach.

In the language of the Indians “Ipanema” means “stinking water”. However, this epithet to the current Rio has indirect: this land in the XIX century belonged to a certain businessman and was named after his family estate in a completely different part of Brazil.

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49. The Arpoador. Rocky headland, effectively separating the beaches of Ipanema on the one hand, and Praia do Diabo and Copacabana on the other. The tiny Peninsula is known for its great waves and attracts surfers.

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50. Leblon Beach. Was named in honor of the Frenchman Le blond, owner of one of the farms that were in the area in the nineteenth century.

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51. The favela. Another symbol of Rio de Janeiro, this time the infamous. Areas of poor illegal slums in almost all underdeveloped countries, but only the favelas of Rio de Janeiro famous throughout the world.

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52. The city has several thousand favelas. In fact it is a mini state within a state. The Federal government in the Affairs of favelas practically do not interfere. The standard of living here is very low, often no basic amenities — schools, hospitals, etc.

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53. In the favelas are rampant extremely unfavorable crime situation and the terrible sanitary condition.

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54. The largest favela in Rio de Janeiro and all over Brazil — Rocinha. Its population is estimated to be 200 thousand people.

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55. Rosina is a true city within a city. Unlike other favelas there are several medical and social institutions and even their own TV station. Despite the warnings, the district on your own risk and is often visited by tourists.

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56. On the eve of the world Cup 2014 and the 2016 Olympics in the favelas held a massive police and military “sweeps”. However, the full government control in the area of abject poverty and a thriving drug trade to install and failed.

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57. Rock-a monolith of Pedra da Gávea. Together with the Corcovado mountain and the statue of Christ the Redeemer has national Park status.

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58. The district views of Botafogo and Guanabara Bay. In the background is the famous Peninsula and the rock of Sugar loaf.

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59. Private houses of wealthy “Carioca” — as residents call themselves Rio de Janeiro.

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60. The coast of the Atlantic ocean.

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61.

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