Ukraine helped to close the gaps in the labour markets of Poland and the Czech Republic.
The low level of wages in Ukraine, the ongoing conflict with Russian mercenaries in the East of the country, the devaluation of the national currency, and also the ineradicable corruption stimulate labor emigration.
“Today, labour migration is one of the most rapidly growing problems in Ukraine. It can jeopardize growth and price stability in the coming years”, – said in the letter, Deputy head of the Central Bank of Ukraine Dmytro Sologub news Agency Bloomberg.
As noted, Ukraine has helped to close the gap in the labour markets of Poland and the Czech Republic after the ability to move freely within the European Union and higher wages in Western Europe made the citizens of Eastern European countries to leave EN masse to the West.
Representatives of the recruiting companies, which are engaged in employment of Ukrainians abroad, saying that foreign companies now hire everybody and are willing to train employees for a month if necessary, because they don’t have much of a choice, whereas before they struggled to find applicants with extensive experience and specialized education.
It is obvious that Ukrainians deceive higher earnings, since at home they receive an average of 7,100 UAH per month (about 265 U.S. dollars), whereas in Poland they offer 3500 zlotys or $ 1046. Among other reasons, labor migration is called the continuing conflict with insurgents, supported by Russia, the devaluation of the hryvnia and high level of corruption in Ukraine.
Now in Poland officially has 1.5 million Ukrainians and it is possible that another half a million are working illegally. In addition, the Czech Republic plans to double the annual quota for Ukrainian workers.
According to official data, in 2015 Ukraine had left 7% of the population. This figure can be much greater because the Ukrainians were able to travel to EU countries without visas. According to the international organization for migration 12% of Ukrainians have settled or are planning to work outside of the country. Long term no less disturbing: the UN believes that by 2050 Ukraine’s population will decrease from 44.2 to 36.4 million.
Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic Ukrainians give a short-term work permits are usually not exceeding several months. The opportunity to travel to EU countries without visas, which the Ukrainians have received in the past year, as well as improved transport connections with these countries gave them the opportunity both official and illegal employment abroad.
However, the representatives of recruiting companies believe that labor emigration may soon become not so attractive, since the wage level of laborers in Ukraine and in Poland will be equal, and the majority of Ukrainians eventually will return home.
© 2018, z-news.link. All rights reserved.