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Expert opinion: whether to protect the skin from environmental influences

Now almost every jar of serum or cream has a marked anti-pollution, says that the tool will help save your skin from the polluted environment. SPLETNIK.RU learn from the experts whether there is something to defend or it’s just a trick of marketers to the gullible butyricum.

How a bad environment affects the condition of the skin?

Residents of big cities face on a daily basis with adverse environmental factors, which include dust, exhaust gases, emissions of hazardous industries, poor water quality, UV and radioactive radiation. As a result, suffer all human organs, including skin.

The deterioration of metabolic processes in the skin, allergic reactions, dryness, dehydration, hyperpigmentation, loss of elasticity, contamination of the pores, redness, dull complexion, premature aging, wrinkles is only a small list of problems that can arise from a bad environment, says cosmetologist Faceology Natalia Beloglazova.

Dermatologists all over the world consider it polluted dry air is one of the main factors in the development of many chronic dermatoses. Every one or two seconds the man takes a breath. In its body with air is not only oxygen, but also to 50 million many polluting microparticles, which are rich urban atmosphere.

Chief specialist on dermatology and cosmetology to health care “RZD-Medicine” Pauline A. Uspensky explained how the effects of city life affect our skin:

Hydrogen sulfide, nitrous oxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, aerosol lead…. Not the last place in this specific weight is the suspended particles. This dust, soot, fumes from vehicles, boilers and power stations. They are deposited in the skin that pollute and clog the pores, resulting in acne and pimples.

Polluted air is especially dangerous coupled with the lack of humidity. In dry air the epidermis is rapidly losing its own moisture, resulting in increased permeability to harmful contaminants. Ultimately, this leads to inflammation and redness.

Exhaust gases may penetrate the skin, destroy the skin cells and molecules of elastin and collagen and start the activity of free radicals. The result is reduced elasticity of the skin, it becomes dull and brittle. And free radicals are known to trigger the aging process.

Some components of air can cause strong allergic reactions, manifested as rashes, burning and itching.

The biggest concern is hyperpigmentation. In Germany conducted a study which compared urban residents with rural. It turned out that women who live in the metropolis, 22 per cent increased risk of the appearance of age spots, says dermatologist Sam Bunting.

Many brands (e.g. Clarins, Shiseido and The Body Shop) convince us that they are not just making on environmental issues, touting their “smart” products that protect the skin. European brands have long followed the example of Asian companies, which have long been producing the labeled anti-pollution.

Where to go and what to do?

Natalia Beloglazova advised to gently cleanse the skin morning and evening (so as not to injure her and not to weaken the protective function). You can’t use soap, alcohol, aggressive and acidic media. For daily cleansing it is better to use a mild cleansing agent, for example, foam, lotion or micellar water. The expert of the Central polyclinic of OJSC “Russian Railways” recommends to use for washing not water from the tap and boiled. This will help to reduce its stiffness.

But this is not enough. For a deeper cleanse and removal from the skin surface of dead cells and toxic chemicals suitable enzyme peels (they need to do a couple times a week).

As for home care, there is need to pay attention to creams and serums, which include antioxidants (e.g. green tea, red wine leaf extract or Centella asiatica), vitamin C, E and b, which have a beneficial effect on metabolic processes in skin cells, prevent oxidation of lipids.

In the means to care for the skin, be it a cream, a serum, an emulsion or lotion must contain at least two antioxidant:

— Fat-soluble — tocopherol (vitamin E) and its esters (tocopherolacetate, Tocopheryl palmitate), ubiquinone (vitamin Q10), carotenoids (b-carotene, lutein, zeaxathin, lycopene, ascorbyl palmitate (derivative of vitamin C);

— Water soluble — ascorbic acid (vitamin C), magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, sodium ascorbyl phosphate, flavonoids, carnosine (a dipeptide, glutathione, cysteine, methionine, cinemovie acid: Komarova, coffee, ferulic).

And, of course, don’t forget about SPF. Day cream must protect the skin from ultraviolet rays. Some means of adding chelating compounds, which bind heavy metal salts, preventing its release into the epidermis.

Despite the fact that there are numerous studies proving the harmful effects of the environment on our skin, science has not yet found a one hundred percent effective method of protection (except never to go out). No, to become a hermit, we will not offer, better add to your daily beauty routine high quality cleanser, antioxidant serum and cream with SPF.

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