A fan of the Estonian SS, the former Minister of defence, Minister of justice of Estonia Urmas Reinsalu has made territorial claims to Russia and demanded to compensate a damage from “the Soviet occupation” as it is named the Republic’s accession into the Soviet Union.
The Minister said the newspaper Eesti Päevaleht (“the Estonian daily newspaper”) in connection with the anniversary of the so-called Tartu peace.
The Tartu peace Treaty was signed on 2 February 1920 between the RSFSR and Estonia in Tartu, in fact — in the ancient Russian town Yuriev, so named by Prince Yaroslav the Wise. Tartu carried different names — depending on who owned, but certainly not to the Estonians to the collapse of the Russian Empire. The city was called Yuriev in 1030 1224 years, then until 1893 in German Dorpat, then until 1918 was again St. George.
Tartu world involves not its status and the status of the Republic. Estonians with the help of the white guard northwestern army, British Navy, Finnish, Swedish and Danish volunteers won independence from the red army in the so-called liberation war in the period from 28 November 1918 to 3 January 1920. And here 2 February 1920 at the conference in Tartu, the heads of the delegations of Estonia — the former head of the Autonomous Estonian governorate in the Russian Empire Jaan Poska, known before the revolution as Ivan Ivanovich Poska, and the RSFSR Soviet diplomat Adolf Joffe signed a Treaty by which Soviet Russia has abandoned any rights in Estonia and was the first to recognize de jure the Republic of Estonia.
As for the Soviet occupation, about which so likes to talk Urmas Reinsalu, the Russian foreign Ministry in this regard, said: the accession of Estonia to the USSR was in accordance with international law. Thus, the term “occupation” in this case cannot be used.
Recall: September 28, 1939, the Chairman of people’s Commissars and people’s Commissar for foreign Affairs of the USSR Vyacheslav Molotov and Minister of foreign Affairs of the Republic of Estonia Carl Seltzer was signed in Moscow the “Pact of mutual assistance between the USSR and the Estonian Republic”.
In 1940, Estonia held parliamentary elections. On its first session on 21 July 1940 the decision was made to establish in the country the Soviet power and the formation of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic.
On 22 July, the Parliament adopted the Declaration on the accession of Estonia into the USSR and requested the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. On the same day the President of Estonia Konstantin päts petitioned for his release from the powers of the President which, in accordance with the Constitution moved to the Prime Minister.
On 6 August 1940 the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted a resolution on the adoption of the USSR Estonian SSR.
Resisted if the Estonian army, or politicians? No. The Estonian army was reformed into the 22nd rifle corps, he was appointed commander of a former officer of the Russian Imperial army, major General became Lieutenant General of the red army Gustav Johnson. No signs of resistance, and, therefore, occupation was not.
But now the Minister of justice of Estonia declares the Eesti Päevaleht newspaper: “We celebrate the anniversary of the Tartu peace. With devotion we are reminded of the courage of the Estonian soldiers and diplomats who have built their own state. For Estonia, peace Treaty, in fact, ended with the victory. The second article of the peace Treaty, according to which Russia forever waives his privilege against Estonia, are valid and now.”
Estonian politicians are avoiding the historical reality, tried to insert a reminder of the Tartu Treaty as a preamble to an already signed in 2005 Russian-Estonian border Treaty. Russia withdrew its signature, as preamble Estonia could act with territorial claims in connection with the accession to the RFSR in 1945 of the ancient native Russian Pechora district of the Pskov region — the former Estonian County of Pechory. Exactly 2 February 1920 under the terms of the Tartu peace all of the Pechora district of the Pskov province of the former became part of independent Estonia, becoming the only County of the Republic with a predominance of ethnic Russians.
After the war, justice is done, and I must say, after the breakup of the USSR, in connection with Tallinn’s desire to join NATO, Estonia gave up its territorial claims to Russia. The new Treaty, without the disputed preamble was re-signed by the Ministers of foreign Affairs in Moscow on 18 February 2014. However, it is still not ratified. In January of 2017 our Minister of foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov said that “Russia will return to this issue in the case that bilateral relations will develop constructively.”
Correctly stated. The preamble is not in the contract, but now Urmas Reinsalu says: that is still the constitutional acts outlined in the Tartu peace Treaty the line of the state border, to the conclusion between countries in other agreements. Well, for the Minister of justice of Estonia joining the Pechora region of the Russian Federation was not, as was the occupation.
It is worth Recalling Putin’s words that our President said in 2005, referring to Latvia put forward territorial claims. “The President of Russia” stated: “Not Pytalovsky they will receive from a dead donkey ears”. Were such claims. “We will never negotiate on the platform of any territorial claims”, — said Vladimir Putin.
But the Estonian Minister is not stopping. He not only reminded of their territorial claims, but said: “Those who today pronounce celebratory speeches about the importance of the Tartu peace should not forget that legal continuity can not be selective. The Soviet Union occupied Estonia, in violation of what the Tartu peace. Its successor Russia needs to admit it and in fact it is on the basis of international law, is obliged to compensate the damage caused by it”.
Well, we still recall about the political orientation of the Minister of justice of Estonia. 14 Jul 2012 in the city of Kuressaare, former Kingisepp on Saaremaa island, where there was a rally of former SS 20th Estonian SS division, Reinsalu, who was then defense Minister, stated that their “contribution, which proceeded from the principle of legal succession, was crucial for the Republic of Estonia and at the same time saved the honor of our people.”
So much for “SS zakonoproektnoj” the Estonian Minister…
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