We have selected the main highlights of the whole South America.
What is the attraction of South America you would most like to visit? Many will immediately say – Machu Picchu.
But South America is home to a variety of other places that are equally beautiful and unique. In this photoblog presents a list of 8 stunningly beautiful places in South America that are worth visiting during a trip to this region.
The Perito Moreno Glacier
Perito Moreno glacier is located in the Argentine region of San Cruz. Its approximate length is 30 kilometers and a height of about 80 meters. This natural wonder covers an area of 150 square kilometers and is part of the National Park Los Glaciares. Surprisingly, the glacier Perito Moreno still grows, when most glaciers in the world are rapidly losing weight. The actual cause of this phenomenon is still not clear. The Perito Moreno glacier contains the third largest fresh water reserves in the world. Accessibility – the main reason that makes the Perito Moreno one of the most popular attractions of Argentina. Admire this magnificent spectacle is best during a boat ride on a glacial lake. During hot weather you can also watch huge blocks of ice, chipped from the glacier and falling into the water.
The Atacama Desert
The Atacama desert located in Northern Chile and is the driest non-polar place on Earth. This arid landscape consists mostly of salt lakes, red canyons, mountains and sand, covering an area of 41,000 square miles in. The temperature in the Region ranges from 26 degrees to -2 on the coldest days. Incredibly dry Atacama desert receives an average of 1 millimeter of rain per year. Clear skies and fantastic scenery make the Region an original direction of travel. There are also several research observatories in the world level. Moon valley is located 15 km from the town of San Pedro de Atacama in the Atacama Desert. The best way to explore these places during the Safari with a professional guide.
Rio de Janeiro
Everyone knows that Rio de Janeiro is home to the ‘Savior’ – a huge statue of Jesus Christ, which was named one of the seven modern wonders of the world. This is the largest statue of art Deco in the world and symbol of Rio city. The statue is located atop Corcovado mountain, as if contemplating the city of Rio de Janeiro, and the outstretched hands of Jesus Christ symbolize peace. Rio de Janeiro is definitely included in the list of best beach cities in the world with the most famous beach of Copacabana. Surrounded by beautiful Sugar loaf mountain, the beach stretches almost 5 kilometers. On the eve of New year on the beach held mass celebration, attracting visitors from around the world. There are also many activities for tourists including volleyball, surfing and other entertainment. Rio carnival – the largest festival in the world, which is held every year 40 days before Easter. This amazing festival attracts over 2 million visitors. The main event of the Rio carnival is the Samba parade, which involved more than 200 different Samba schools. Tijuca forest area of 20 square kilometres is the largest urban forest in the world with mountain peaks, waterfalls and caves. Declared a National Park in 1961, Tijuca forest is home to hundreds of species of animals and plants.
The Angel Falls
Angel falls with a height of 976 meters, is the highest waterfall in the world. It is located in the middle of thick forests in South-East Venezuela, where it’s rather hard to get away. However, with the help of locals you can reach this amazing waterfall. Helicopter ride – another more expensive option, which opens a breathtaking view on the angel falls. This place was named after Jimmie angel who accidentally discovered it in 1933. During the rainy season, angel falls is divided into two different falls, and the noise of water is audible from a distance of 1 kilometer. In the dry season water drops from the top evaporate before reaching the ground.
The Galapagos Islands
Galapagos – an archipelago of many volcanic Islands. These delightful Islands located in the Eastern Pacific ocean, about 620 miles South of mainland South America. The Galapagos Islands are known for their isolation and unique wildlife. Isolation and lack of large predators make the fauna of the Galapagos Islands are extremely unique home to many indigenous species. The list includes the Galapagos tortoise, marine iguanas, Galapagos sea lions, flightless cormorants and Darwin finches. The Galapagos tortoise is the largest land animal in the archipelago. Adult Galapagos tortoise weighs 417 kg, as the largest living species of tortoise in the world. World-famous naturalist Charles Darwin visited the Galapagos Islands in 1835 and this visit helped him in the theory of the origin of species. In the archipelago converge three ocean currents South Equatorial current, Humboldt current and the Panama current. This forms a variable climate, unique natural environment. On some Islands there are hotels for visitors, which can be reached by boat, along the way exploring all the beauty the Galapagos archipelago.
The Iguaçu Falls
Along the iguaçu falls is the international border of Brazil and Argentina. This is the real water wonder world is a beautiful waterfall with a width of more than two kilometers, consisting of 275 separate segments. Most of these waterfalls is about 70 meters in height, and two-thirds of the falls are in the Argentine side. Iguazu is higher and twice wider than the famous Niagara falls. The average volume of falling water is 1756 cubic meters per second, and in the season of floods can reach up to 13,000 cubic meters. For this reason, the Central part of the waterfall called the “Devil’s Throat”. U-shaped narrow chasm 150 meters long and 80 meters high and consists of 14 beautiful waterfalls. Special pedestrian bridges allow us to consider Iguazu in close proximity, and one of the trails passes right under the waterfall.
The Uyuni Salt Flats
Spanning 4086 square miles of the Uyuni salt flats located in southwestern Bolivia is the largest salt lake in the world. The thickness of the salt layer varies from 2 meters to 20 meters, where 70 percent of the lithium reserves of the Earth. This is really one of the wonders of nature in South America. Salar de Uyuni was formed as a result of drying of the lake called the Lago Ballivian approximately 40,000 years ago. It is estimated that Uyuni contains 10 billion tons of salt. Since the Uyuni Salt flats in extremely flat, NASA uses this area to calibrate satellites. During the rainy season, vast salt mirror is covered with a thin layer of water, reflecting the clear skies. At this time, turns into Uyuni the largest natural mirror on Earth. Walk through the vast space of white salts will definitely give you unforgettable impressions. Here is especially beautiful sunrises and sunsets.
Machu Picchu is the most famous landmark in South America. These spectacular Inca ruins located at an altitude of several kilometers, among the peaks of the Peruvian Andes. Machu Picchu covers an area of 8 square kilometers with numerous stone structures, temples, palaces and tunnels. Machu Picchu was built in the 15th century by the Inca Emperor Pachacuti and abandoned in the 16th century, after the invasion of the Spanish army. Reopened by American historian Hiram Bingham in 1911 by. UNESCO has included Machu Picchu to the world heritage list in 1983 as a precious cultural heritage of the planet. Heavy granite blocks, the main material used for the construction of the complex. Some of these blocks weigh more than 50 tons, and the most amazing thing is that in the construction used cement. Huge granite blocks were adjusted to each other with perfect accuracy. Journey to the famous Inca trail is the best way to reach Machu Picchu. Usually requires 4-5 days to overcome the route length of over 40 kilometers. During the hike you will be able to enjoy the beauty of the surrounding mountains and lush forests.
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