The primary means of preventing influenza and reducing the impact of the epidemic is vaccination.
In the autumn and winter issues of the be the flu and vaccination against it. About how effective and safe the flu shot.
The period from mid-autumn to early spring is traditionally the season of high incidence of SARS and influenza. At this time it is especially important to help your body to resist viruses. There are many folk remedies and scientific methods of prevention and treatment of influenza, many modern drugs are designed to solve this problem. But to convince the experts of the world health organization, the primary means of preventing influenza and reducing the impact of epidemics is vaccination.
Why you need a flu vaccine?
The results of scientific studies confirm that getting a flu vaccine reduces your risk by almost half. And if the person is still ill, the illness is tolerated better: the symptoms are not as severe, the risk of complications is minimal. And thanks to mass vaccinations, the number of deaths reduced by almost two times.
By the way, the flu shot can bring to human health the additional benefit of believe canadian scientists from the University of Toronto. According to their study, vaccination reduces the risk of heart attack and strokes in healthy people and in people with cardiovascular disease. Scientists believe that the vaccine reduces the strength and duration of the inflammatory response, thereby weakening its influence on the heart and blood vessels.
Who needs to be vaccinated?
One of the most contagious diseases – influenza, and the vaccination will be useful to everyone in the absence of contraindications. But above all, it is recommended to vaccinate the groups at risk of morbidity.
According to the who findings, the risk groups include people with weakened immune systems and those who are in contact with patients:
– Medical workers;
– Pregnant women in the 2nd or 3rd trimester (according to doctor’s recommendation);
– Children from 6 months of age and adults with chronic diseases (respiratory system, cardio-vascular);
– Children from 6 months to 5 years;
In addition, it is recommended to be vaccinated people who have undergone chemotherapy; those who are working (studying) in numerous groups; residents of hostels, nursing homes and arriving in places of deprivation of liberty.
Who can not be vaccinated against the flu?
No matter how scared of the flu, the vaccination may hurt certain categories of people are less than the disease itself.
The flu vaccine cannot enter those who are allergic to substances in its composition. Most often it is chicken protein and preservatives.
It is forbidden to vaccinate against influenza children under 6 months of age. The vaccine is contraindicated for people with chronic diseases in the acute stage and not earlier than one month after the better. There is no vaccine to those who are less than two weeks ago had a cold.
If you or your child vaccinated against the flu, but you couldn’t take her, further it is not necessary to repeat the vaccination.
Which vaccines exist?
It is no secret that the flu viruses are constantly mutating. Until one of them develops herd immunity, there is another, often more dangerous virus. Therefore, the who annually updates its recommendations for the composition Antigrippin vaccine. The composition is formed on the basis of the forecast of circulation of viruses.
Currently widespread antigrippoznyh two types of vaccines. It is inactivated and live attenuated influenza vaccine. Traditionally produced rehabilate vaccines both protect against three different seasonal influenza viruses. In some countries the available chetyrehkantnye vaccine.
Usually the vaccine is administered by injection into the shoulder muscle, but can enter through the nose by instillation. Validity of vaccine – single epidemic season, regardless of its type composition.
Are there any complications after vaccination?
For the production of vaccine uses inactivated (killed) or attenuated (weakened) viruses. Neither one nor the other do not lead to flu. But after vaccination some people may experience local or systemic reactions following vaccination. Among them is skin redness at the injection site, stuffy nose, runny nose, fever, muscle pain or throat. But in any case, the common side effects are mild in nature and pass quickly, unlike flu.
In Ukraine, vaccination against influenza is not included in the list of mandatory vaccinations. It is voluntary and paid.
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