Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences claim the pandemic actually originated in India, explaining that a heatwave there from May to June 2019 spawned a water crisis, which in turn led to increased close contact between humans and wild animals such as monkeys.
In a preprint paper with the Lancet medical journal – meaning it has yet to be formally peer reviewed – the Chinese researchers outline their explanation of the “zoonotic transmission” of the SARS-CoV-2 virus from monkeys to humans as they shared water resources.
The researchers also say that India’s poor hygiene conditions and “less efficient” public medical system, as well as its “tropical climate” and “very young population”, were all contributing factors in the virus’s spread.
They estimate that the first “human-to-human transmission” of Covid-19 in India was in July or August.
Back in March, Chinese officials blamed the coronavirus outbreak on US soldiers visiting Wuhan, while last week China pointed the finger at Italy after a study from Milan suggested the virus had been circulating locally since last year.
The identification of India as the possible source of the virus comes after New Delhi last week fortified its military capabilities in Eastern Ladakh, the region by the Chinese border, by building camps for tens of thousands of soldiers. In June, 20 Indian soldiers and an undisclosed number of Chinese were killed as the two sides engaged in a skirmish in the contested border area.
The fresh accusations that coronavirus was first spread in India won’t help relations, and on Friday the Chinese Foreign Ministry appeared to back the claims.
“Although China was the first to report cases, it doesn’t necessarily mean that the virus originated in China,” spokesperson Zhao Lijian said during his regular press conference, in response to a question about the claims against India.
The researchers’ findings have been panned by some western academics, including Professor David Robertson from Glasgow University, who described their approach as “inherently biased.”
“The authors have also ignored the extensive epidemiological data available that shows clear emergence in China and that the virus spread from there,” he told the Daily Mail, “This paper adds nothing to our understanding of SARS-CoV-2.”
The World Health Organization (WHO) has tipped the “Huanan Wholesale Seafood Market in Wuhan City” as the likely source of the novel coronavirus, though the UN special agency is still investigating the pandemic’s origins.
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