Fall of expenses of the consolidated budget for financing of higher and postgraduate education amounted to 44% over the past five years. Experts believe that cheap may not be of high quality.
Recently has once again offered his vision of the Belarusian educational system, Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko. Among other things, he spoke on the topic of magistracy (the second stage of higher education). According to the head of the state magistracy should be only wishing to continue further education.
“I absolutely forbid this way to build the education system. We have a normal education system: people have graduated from College, got a higher education and go to work. I am not against master, but there should go the most capable and wishing to continue to obtain the education to do science and teaching,” said he.
However, as noted by the expert in the field of education, a member of the Public Bologna Committee, Professor Vladimir Dounaev on the presentation of the study “the European prospects of the Belarusian higher education”, in Europe, the share of graduate students is 21.7 %, while in Belarus it is 1.75%, which means that Belarus has lower qualification levels are more affordable than the top.
“Master’s and doctoral degrees is quite negligible represented in Belarus. From a qualitative point of view, that says a lot. So, in Europe, by contrast, argued that to develop the upper levels,” he said.
As Belarus spends on Universities
The expert believes that in order to get an idea of what is happening with the educational policy in the country, just look at some numbers.
So, for the last 5 years in Belarus there was a reduction in the number of students by 36%, cut funding by 44%, reduction of budget expenditures per student amounted to 25%.
As noted by the expert, Belarus on the financial expenditure per student among European countries, is in four countries-the outsiders along with Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia.
“The state does not want to spend money on education. A sad picture – the underfunding of education. After all, if you have no money, can not be”, – said Vladimir Dunayev.
The expert drew attention to another interesting fact: in 17 years (2000 to 2017), the percentage of unemployed among persons with tertiary education increased in the Republic in half.
It only says that Dunaev believes that our education system prepares specialists unnecessary profile, with competencies that are not needed in the labour market.
Indicative in this sense, data from surveys conducted by the world Bank in 2008-2009: Belarus can’t find workers with the right skill set, even in cases when there is a significant number of specialists with official diplomas of a high level.
“And this, in my opinion, the most severe sentence the quality of our education system”, – stated the expert.
Denied Vladimir Dunaev another myth about the availability of Belarusian education.
According to him, the study showed that the level in the country fell from 82% (for young people 17 years old) in 2011 to 68% in 2016. Reduced the accessibility of higher education, including for vulnerable groups: rural areas and people with disabilities.
Where to go Belarusians to learn and who is coming to us
In turn, experts believe that one of the indicators of the quality of education is also the balance of entry and exit of students. So, if the country is attractive for foreign students, and they come to learn a lot, this suggests that the education system in the country is quite good.
“I will say this that the leaders of our education system realized that the foreign students you can earn, and the number of students from 2010 to 2017 have increased by 56% – said the expert of the Public Bologna Committee Pavel Tereshkovich. – Perhaps at first glance it would seem that this is a good figure. But if we compare this figure with other countries, our success will seem quite modest: in Lithuania the increase was 170%, in Georgia by 300%”.
According to the expert, we learn today about 15 thousand foreign students. The largest group of foreigners in the 2017/18 school year were students from Russia (48.6 per cent), Russia (10.2 percent), Iran (6.4 percent), China (6%), Russia (3.1 per cent), Nigeria (3%), Sri Lanka (2.7 per cent), Azerbaijan (2.7%) and India (2.1 percent).
It turns out that in Belarus every second foreign student is a citizen of Turkmenistan. It should be understood that “the Turkmen phenomenon” is associated only with the political factor: after Alexander Lukashenko’s visit to Ashgabat in 2010, Belarus received a large quota for the admission of Turkmen students.
Meanwhile, Belarusians, who are studying abroad, and about 25 thousand
According to Tereshkovich, there has been a trend reduction in the number of Belarusians, who are studying in Russia (twice in seven years), while more Belarusians go to study in Poland.
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