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Became known why people eat more in winter

Стало известно, почему люди зимой едят большеEverything you now think is the food?

And the habit of checking the fridge every half hour has become maniacal? We found five reasons why winter why constantly hungry.

1. The body requires more energy for “heating”

What happens: needless to say, that the climatic conditions in which a person is forced to exist, not only affect his lifestyle, but in General, all the processes occurring in the body. Thus, residents of Northern latitudes need more energy to maintain normal body temperature, because the temperature here often falls than rises. So you just freeze, as will the constant feeling of hunger and the hand itself will be pulled to the fridge. Besides winter is, alas, not the most pleasant time for walking, so a person in this season more like a bear that wants to hibernate and send to all the fat that is eaten.

How to deal: don’t freeze! Yes, now is the time, when the clothes should fit not so much the fashion trends as the weather outside. Before putting on anything, ask yourself: “wherever I go, I will be in this heat?”. “Yes” the only answer accepted. But if the prospect of wearing several layers of clothing you absolutely do not like, make sure you buy the “right” set of thermal underwear. Layers are less, and the body warmer. Besides room temperature at home and at the office: avoid drafts and try to first ventilate the room, and then start to work in it. And most importantly — move more. Find a compromise: if you are really such a fan of exercise in the open cold air, exercise indoors, either at home or in the gym nearby. And of course, regardless of the readings of the thermometer every morning start with charging.

2. The metabolism slows down

What happens: the rate of metabolism slows down in winter, the body enters the power saving mode, trying to delay “in reserve”. So that constant hunger is a completely natural physiological phenomenon. Therefore, the worst idea is to go on a diet and severely restrict your diet. The body will not give so easy to leave the necessary fat so the first thing it will burn it muscle mass, and then weight.

How to deal: try to eat at least five times a day and as much as possible to move. Give preference to only the useful products that speed metabolism, and only those physical exercises which give pleasure (exhausting and a heavy load, leave until spring). Besides, now is the time to dilute the usual training process in winter sports available only a few months out of the year. Skiing, skating, snowboarding — the perfect winter looks that way.

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3. Short daylight hours

What happens: the days get shorter, it gets dark early. And eternal life in the dark is different. The fact that melatonin (the hormone responsible for synchronization of sleep and wakefulness) is synthesized in the dark, so in winter because of the eternal twilight, he begins to develop long before the usual time of going to sleep. Thus, a person the whole day feeling sleepy and lethargic, and at night because of jet lag, on the contrary — often can’t sleep. The result is chronic insomnia and depression, which is accompanied by a constant feeling of hunger.

How to deal: the more light in your living space by day, the easier it is to bring the eternal darkness. This is the rare case when you can safely go to extremes and turn on all the lamps. And late melatonin significantly reduced if you at least one hour will be conducted on the street in the daytime. This hour in the fresh air will greatly reduce the number of hungry desires and get rid of obsessive desire for something to eat. But the night there comes the other extreme — the need to sleep in darkness and, therefore, the bedroom should be no distractions and all the things that can disturb your sleep.

This is very important because lack of sleep not only leads to depression and apathy, but also to increased levels of the hormone ghrelin (which stimulates appetite) and decrease leptin (it depends on the feeling of fullness). Try to sleep at least eight hours, or to move away from the fridge more than a meter, it will be impossible. If you systematically cannot sleep, it is possible to blame any wrong habits or wrong postures for sleeping.

4. Fluid deficit

What happens in winter not so often thirsty as in summer, but this does not mean that in the cold season, the body requires less fluid. Year-round air-conditioners in offices and hot batteries in the apartments make the air even drier, increasing moisture loss. But the problem is that any signals about the need to fill the water balance, the body does not serve, as the cold dulls the sense of thirst. But the lack of water often masquerades as hunger and instead of drinking a glass of water, a person begins to eat.

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How to deal: if you want to eat, but I understand that the last meal was recently, drink a glass of water and wait 10 minutes. It is possible that your body simply does not have enough fluid. Not to become a victim of such confusion, try every day to maintain water balance.

5. Seasonal Blues

What’s happening: the sun in principle, a rare visitor in our area, and in winter the number of Sunny days can be counted on the fingers (alas, one hand). Meanwhile, thanks to the ultraviolet radiation in our body produces vitamin D, which is essential for the production of other important substances — serotonin (hormone of happiness). Plus we should not forget about the off-season stressors, such as permanent haste, frantic pace of work, neurosis and fears. We spend a lot of effort to do, and so suffered greatly when something does not work. In the end, instead of the happiness hormone the body begin to produce stress hormones (cortisol and adrenaline) that send a signal to the brain that the person is in danger and in urgent need of energy to recharge. In addition, the serotonin you can get from food — that foods that contain the amino acid tryptophan and glucose. Once in the body, these substances stimulate the increased production of the hormone. But the brain quickly gets used to it and in the case of depression requires from carbohydrate foods to quickly compensate for a deficiency of the hormone. In the end, human reason constantly hungry.

How to deal: most of the tryptophan contained in chicken, Turkey, fish, lean meat, cheese, eggs, grains and nuts. Including them in your diet as often as possible, you will get rid of hunger, caused by a bad mood. But the consumption of foods high in carbohydrates is better to take control — no pastries, cakes and chocolates, try to obtain glucose from plant foods (fortunately, fruits and vegetables can now be bought all year round). Finally, try to discover other sources of pleasure — walks, playing sports, your favourite music and communicate with loved ones. Winter is the time when more than ever we need warmth, not only physical, but emotional.

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