So, friends — today will be an interesting post about how drinking in the USSR. Many who are familiar with a shovel only the stories of the fans the scoop, I think that in this country lived alone athletes and fans of healthy lifestyle that we started the morning with charging, song “morning greets Us with coolness,” and lunch break at the plant took production gymnastics. However, in reality the USSR had quite a lot of chronic alcoholics who drank including and enterprises.
By the way, this issue here and there pop up and souteska movies — to recall the classic “fallen”, which very well shows the life of average Soviet alcoholic, came from the village to the city, got a job where the boss is tolerant of drunks (makes a “reprimand” and “warning” instead of fire) and the thumps from boredom, not knowing what to do with their free time.
Like “Athos” was very uncommon in the Soviet Union and the perestroika years, the phenomenon has become almost massive. To overcome drunkenness in the late Soviet Union was introduced several anti-alcohol campaigns, but they did not lead to anything good.
So, in this post — the story about how they drank in the USSR. Make sure you check out the article below, write your opinion in the comments, and of friends added do not forget. And telegram channel also subscribe)
And who was drinking in the Soviet Union? Hot drinks were very popular among the “class-leader”, which was considered in the USSR workers and peasants — state propaganda ascribed to them all sorts of non-existent dignity with which the representatives of these classes are supposedly different from the “vile bourgeoisie”, “bourgeois town” and “spineless intellectuals”.
Unlike the tsarist Russia (where drinking, mostly outside it), many workers in the USSR were drinking in the workplace, enterprises have formed stable groups of drinking buddies. In developed countries, such a drunkard would have been fired for low production and a large number of marriage, but in the USSR such “coddled” and dismissed only in exceptional cases (serious incident etc.).
While from time to time carried out any “alcohol history” and rallies, but special impact on alcoholics they didn’t show, drunks can and do gladly walk with a placard “drunkenness — fight!” then get a well-deserved day off and a good drink for this reason.
As it drank in the factories? Part of the liquor flowing through the checkpoint before changing to drinking them straight at the factory, and the other part could be purchased at a nearby shop during your lunch break — this strategy is caused by the fact that alcohol in shops began to sell 11 o’clock in the afternoon, i.e. after the beginning of the work shift. In the years of struggle with plantsto tried not to sell alcohol to people in working overalls — but they usually found alternative ways to purchase alcohol — say, just ask a passerby to buy them a bottle.
During the lunch break it was possible to catch up and just have a beer in one of the many standing pubthat a large number existed in the late Soviet Union — for example, I remember well these’ll in Minsk Surhanau street, where they were already two — one on the intersection of the square and the second a little further on, near the supermarket “Riga”. The beer is released in large heavy mugs or in containers brought by the buyer — often a liter or three-liter jars.
To struggle with drunkenness of power has been announced several times in the Soviet Union anti-alcohol campaign. Usually when people talk about nealkogolny campaign in the USSR, mean the latest, announced by Gorbachev in 1985-1990 year, but actually had several campaigns — prohibition 1918-1923, the campaign of 1929, the campaign of 1958 campaign of 1972.
Gorbachev’s campaign in 1985-1990 was perhaps the most ambitious of all. It is believed that it began after the letter was written by a group of scientists from the Novosibirsk Akademgorodok in the CPSU. The letter details the extent of alcoholism in the Soviet Union, cited the statistics of deaths from alcoholism, the extent of the economic loss, etc.
What was the anti-alcohol campaign? The country began to close distilleries and shops, and the price of alcohol has increased significantly. The most affected wine producers — as in the framework of the anti-alcohol campaign was destroyed by ancient vineyards. Some of vinahost (e.g. Georgia) can not recover until now.
In the end, alcohol became a horrible deficit, and behind him lined up in long queues, people bought alcoholic drinks crates “in reserve”. Drink less alcoholics were not sure.
And from time to time on the streets could sell for example, port wine on tap — I think it was done semi-legally, in agreement with local authorities. Sometimes cunning people could use for the sale of alcohol and the tragic events — for example, during the Chernobyl accident in 1986 was a rumor spread that red wine supposedly “displays radiation”, and it immediately began to sell in Kiev on tap, bypassing the anti-alcohol campaign.
During the anti-alcohol campaign was carried out the so-called “non-alcoholic weddings and birthdays” — exemplary of the celebration of young Communists, which allegedly was not served alcohol. In fact at these parties alcohol is often still present, only hidden from sight — in teapots under the guise of tea either (vodka) with birch SAP.
Photo exemplary non-alcoholic wedding on the tables no bottles of liquor, but only jugs with all sorts of juices and fruit drinks.
For the elimination of the alcohol shortage, the population began to mass-produce alcoholic beverages on their own — in the course were diluted medical alcohol made from plants, all sorts of alcohol-containing liquid, and exponentially increased the cases of brewing.
Moonshine was of various forms and constructions, they established a house (which was fraught with risk), or on neutral territory — say, in the nearby forest. Upon detection of such “guerrilla factories”, the police frequently ambushed to arrest the moonshiners.
In the photo — composing Protocol for moonshine with the speaker “pair” in the foreground:
Among the hungry spirits went into action and all sorts of perfumes — colognes, lotions, medical alcohol tincture. Popularity triple Cologne — perhaps because it was sold in large containers and had a pleasant smell of lemon. Cologne is most often diluted with water 1: 1, but most “advanced” people might drink Cologne and undiluted.
Over the popularity as an alcoholic drink triple Cologne even jokingly called “cognac three bones” and talked about him all the jokes — in one instance the man returned to the cashier’s Cologne with a torn label, and in response to the outrage of the queue said, “don’t shout, you smudge, and the people I put on the table!”
For caught on the street drunks there were also special medical institutions — the sobering-up stations. Were sent caught on the street by the police or voluntary vigilantes of intoxicated persons. In the drunk tank, the drunk was examined by a paramedic, had established his identity, after which it was left there until sober. In some cases, could also be applied “measures of additional exposure” like a cold shower.
So looked around the room detox:
But if to speak in fact and the anti-alcohol campaign, and all of these “bezalkogolne wedding” and rallies with placards struggled with the consequence and not the cause — in General, tolerant of drunks in the Soviet Union and the lack of capacities of the Soviet man somehow realize themselves in life. People drank out of boredom, and inability to break the cycle house-factory-house. Drank from the incredible boredom and lack of opportunity of self-realization.
With the end of the Soviet Union the problem of alcoholism in the enterprises began to disappear by itself.
And do you remember drinking in the USSR? Write in the comments interesting.
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