10 most beautiful geological wonders
Our planet is the greatest and most beautiful creation, where there are so remarkable place that is simply breathtaking.
Many of them were formed naturally, such as the eruption of a volcano or the fall of meteorites.
The great blue hole
Outside of Belize, a country in South America, is almost a perfect round hole whose diameter is 0.4 km water Depth in this hole -145 m, which gives it a deep blue color. Tourists from all over the world are immersed in the Great blue hole of Belize, to admire the amazing species of fish in its clear waters. It is believed that this amazing geological object was formed billions of years ago, when the water rose above the caves.
Eye Of The Sahara
In the Sahara desert in Mauritania is one of the most amazing geological wonders, eye of the Sahara called richat structure. In the middle of this bare deserted land can be seen similar to a bull’s-eye formation, the diameter of which is 50 km away. the Crews of space ships even use eye of the Sahara as a guide. Initially it was assumed that the eye of the Sahara was caused by a meteorite falling to Earth. But now scientists believe that this geological creation was formed by the uplift and erosion of the earth.
The Gates Of Hell
Darvaza is a town in Turkmenistan, where there is an impressive geological formation, called the Gates of Hell. This hole in the earth has inexhaustible supplies of fuel gas. It is believed that about 35 years ago, geologists who drilled the ground to detect the gas, dug too deep and the earth. Geologists have not dared to climb into the hole to pick up their equipment. Fearing that the poisonous gas can come out of the earth, they set fire to the gas in the hole and since the fire is burning here permanently.
Icy tower Erebus
On the coldest continent, Antarctica is Erebus volcanic mountain covered with hundreds of ice towers. Towers is located at an altitude of 20 meters and constantly emit steam. When the steam freezes on the cold inner walls of the towers grow and expand. These earth geological creations like the tower on the planet Mars, on the moons of Saturn, Jupiter and Neptune. This constantly active volcano is another miracle of nature, where fire and ice. Erebus last erupted in 1978.
Australian aborigines who live here are called Devilish boulders Charles Carl (Karlu Karlu). These huge round boulders of red granite located in beautiful landscape. The diameter of these boulders can range from 50 cm to 60 m in cross section. Some are very bizarre way, balancing on each other. Diabolical boulders formed millions of years ago when molten magma was under the Sandstone and cooled to form granite.
Years and environmental factors has caused the erosion, so we today can observe these amazing natural phenomena. For Australian aborigines the Devil boulders have special spiritual significance.
The cave of reed flutes
Cave reed flute in the Guangxi Autonomous region in China is a famous landmark, also known as the Palace of natural art. Natural limestone caves filled with wonderful and bizarre formations like icicles and rock formations with the additional effect of colored lighting.
This geological object was named in honor of the cane, which is found outside the cave and used for making musical flutes. Its length is about 240 m and it is a huge area where you can have a beautiful landscape. The object is ancient, since its walls are preserved inscriptions from the reign of Tang dynasty, dated 792 BC
The Uyuni Salt Flats
Salar de Uyuni is located in the southwestern part of Bolivia. This geological wonder is the biggest dried salt lake, situated more than 3000 m over the Andes, with area greater than 10 000 km?..
This unique landscape was formed by numerous layers of salt and water. In the middle of the marsh salt thickness is 10 m. When it rains, Salar de Uyuni is immersed and looks like a huge mirror. It is believed that it was formed at the confluence of geothermal and saline lakes. In this place several species of pink flamingos gather to breed.
The most frequently photographed canyon in the southwestern United States is Antelope Canyon. It is located on land of the Navajo nation in Arizona. The Navajo people call it Tse bighanilini, which means “the place where water runs through rocks”. Antelope canyon is divided into two separate canyon, Upper and Lower Antelope Canyon.
As the rain water flows through this place, it smooths out the rocks, giving them a curving form. Antelope canyon was formed during the strong floods, which caused erosion of the rocks, which opened the passages where the deep open corridors with interesting landforms. In 2006, authorities closed the Antelope Canyon for 5 months due to floods.
More than 50 km? the province of Bohol in the Philippines, has settled the geological creation, called the Chocolate hills. In fact, on these hills there is no chocolate, but all the hills, which, according to some estimates, from 1268 to 1776, looks chocolate brown in the dry season. Chocolate hills are the third National geological monument in the Philippines, and they are depicted on the flag of the province of Bohol. Chocolate hills are the perfect uniform shape and the height is about 30-50 m. According to one version, they were formed when the self-destruction of an active volcano. According to legend, they were formed from the tears of a giant who has lost his love.
Reserve Tingi Du Bemaraha in Madagascar is a UNESCO world heritage site and a place where you can see the Stone forest. The stone forest consists of a high and broad diffuse limestone, covering an area of 666 km?, being similar to the limestone towers. Locals warn that this is the place where you will not be able to walk barefoot, as the terrain is quite steep. In the Stone forest inhabited by unique species of animals such as white lemur.
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