In the Soviet press in every possible way dependent on the authorities.
Whoever was in power — the media is always waiting in the wings. Now we have the Internet, which is nothing to hide, but in Soviet times was this: if Newspapers were written — people don’t hear. So often it happened that people learned about important events.
Mass crush at the Luzhniki stadium
Under the curtain of the football match between Moscow Spartak and Dutch “Haarlem” in the UEFA Cup, which was held at the Central Lenin stadium on 20 October 1982, broke out the most terrible tragedy in the history of Soviet sport. Spartacus found out about it the next day from the coach, and all the rest — only after seven years.
Spartak won 1:0, and for a few minutes before the end of the game the shivering fans reached the exit. According to witnesses, the Ministers of law opened on the podium, where almost all the audience, only one gate out of four. At some point on the stairs the girl fell, someone stopped to help her, and the people pressed in behind — the crush began.
As for trouble, at this time, Sergei Shvetsov scored the second goal. Many moved back into the stands, and the situation has become absolutely nightmarish turn. Resulted in a stampede killed 66 fans, most of them teenagers.
Monument to those killed on the territory of the “Luzhniki”, staged for the 10th anniversary of the tragedy.
Newspapers about the match I wrote, but about the tragedy has not said a word. Only “Evening Moscow” on the last page two lines reported “accident,” which “hurt people”. About crush media told already under Gorbachev. Relatives of the victims believe that the victims were much more than 66.
The collapse of the escalator in the Moscow metro
17 February of the same year at the station “Aviamotornaya” in the rush hour because of improper maintenance jumped the handrail of one escalator and the stairs, accelerating under the weight of the passengers, rushed down. Neither working nor emergency brake did not work properly.
The escalator to the “Aviamotornaya” in our days. The tragedy happened on the extreme right of the escalator.
A panic rushed up the steps, colliding with those who tried to stay on his feet. People began to fall at the bottom formed a blockage. Someone tried to move to the next escalator, but the plastic cover is broke and broken. A few people fell through the balustrade. The driving mechanisms silenced manually only in two minutes.
In the crush eight people died and 30 were seriously injured. Short report the next day had only published all the same “Evening Moscow”. Well, it looked like this:
Due to the fact that the tragedy was not reported in the media, it has acquired fictitious details and turned into a bloody slaughter, although in reality it was not.
The disaster at Baikonur
In October 1960 at the Baikonur cosmodrome in preparation for a test launch exploded ballistic R-16. It happened due to the fact that the site openly brought the unfinished rocket. The Soviet leadership customized developers in connection with the escalation of the cold war, plus, according to tradition, it was necessary to boast of a faster pace of work to the anniversary of the October revolution.
R-16 is put on the launcher.
The explosion took place is terrifying. According to various estimates, was burned alive from 70 to 120 people, including the commander of strategic Rocket forces Marshal Mitrofan Nedelin, who was sitting in the bunker in a matter of metres from the foot of the rocket.
Mitrofan Ivanovich Nedelin.
The cameras captured the scary scene: from the rocket ripples waves of flames from the fire jumped out and ran in all directions, burning like torches, people. Some reaches to the fence of barbed wire and hung lifelessly at her.
The time of the explosion.
Information about the tragedy immediately classified. And in order to explain the death of the commander of the strategic missile forces, made up some kind of plane crash that Nedelin had allegedly died. It was buried with military honors at the Kremlin wall, the rest of the victims — secretly in cemeteries of different cities in a common grave at Baikonur. Public this case was only after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
RAM residential houses in Novosibirsk
Early in the morning of 26 September 1976, 23-year-old pilot of civil aircraft Vladimir Serkov stole from the local airfield An-2 plane circled over the city at low altitude and suddenly sent it directly to residential five-storey building. As it turned out, psycho was aiming at the apartment on the third floor, where lived the parents of his wife and where she left him taking their two year old son. Fortunately, the apartment no one was there.
Biplane crashed into a building at speeds over 150 kilometers per hour, punched a hole between the third and fourth floors in the stairwell area, its front end with screw and motor flew into one of the apartments. Serkov died, but more from a blow nobody was hurt. A woman and three children died because of the fire.
Khrushchev was quickly restored, and the incident was classified. About it was not mentioned anywhere officially, but instead the city crept sinister rumors — whether this is unprecedented in the USSR the terrorists, or the terrible political act. In the end, this story would have turned into a bike, and witnesses would be considered crazy, if not disclosed in the beginning the KGB archives.
The death of cosmonaut Bondarenko
24-year-old Valentin Bondarenko was one of the candidates for the first in mankind history space flight. In the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts who were trained to fly on spacecraft “Vostok”, he was the youngest and at the end of training stood fourth in the list.
But three weeks before the historic start Bondarenko was tragically killed during testing in surdobarokamere. It happened on the 10th day of the 15 that he had to spend alone in a tightly closed chamber with low pressure and high oxygen levels.
Photos of other trial participants.
After one of the medical tests Bondarenko rubbed the place of anchoring of biosensors on the body alcohol pad and accidentally dropped it. Wool caught on a hot spirally the tile and broke. The flames immediately spread in the oxygen-rich room.
Gherman Titov, the understudy Gagarin during training in the isolation chamber.
Due to the large differential pressure, the door could open only half an hour. With burns of 80% of the body of Valentine was taken to the hospital, where doctors for eight hours fighting for his life. According to them, Gagarin was all the time at the bedside of a friend, until he died.
Everything connected with the cosmos, the state is kept in the strictest confidence. The death of Bondarenko’s not just hidden — it got deleted from group shots of the first group. Print acknowledged the death of the only astronaut in 1986. On the grave Bondarenko Kharkov until then was written: “in loving memory from friends-pilots”. And then added a PostScript: “…-cosmonaut of the USSR”.
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