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A list of the most important scientific breakthroughs of 2016

Список самых главных научных прорывов 2016 годаThe list includes the detection of gravitational waves and the discovery of extrasolar planets resembling the Earth from nearest to the Sun star.

The journal Science has published a list of the most important, according to the editorial, scientific breakthroughs 2016. The list includes the detection of gravitational waves by the LIGO collaboration and the discovery of extrasolar planets resembling the Earth from nearest to the Sun, the star Proxima Centauri b.

The authors also noted the victory of artificial intelligence AlphaGo developed by Google DeepMind, on professional go player Lee Segalem. This event is compared to a chess match between Deep blue and Garry Kasparov.

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Fourth place in the ranking took the opening, indicating that the removal of aged cells (lost their ability to divide) in mice in middle age increases life expectancy.

The list also made the discovery of the apes model the mental state (eng. theory of mind) that allows you to determine the desires and intentions of others. In addition, the place was given to the development of computer programs allowing to predict properties of proteins, and obtaining live mice from lab-grown egg cells.

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Among others present at the top of the scientific work — data on settlement of the ancient people who originally lived in Africa and around the world as the result of a single migration, the creation of portable devices for DNA decoding and develop without defects lenses from metamaterials.

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