Some of them are endangered, while other animal species were discovered recently by scientists, and we probably even have not heard about them.
Did you know that most of the most unusual animals of the planet are endangered species? Every hour, dying about 3 species every day – more than 70 each year – more than 26 thousand.
1. The shoebill (lat. Balaeniceps rex)
Shoebill or Royal Heron is a very large bird. Its height averages 1.2 m, wingspan 2.3 m and a weight of 4-7 kg. Lives in the tropical swamps of East Africa.
Like Shoe huge beak allows the shoebill skillfully catches fish. The same beak prevents the bird to get any other food.
The eyes of the shoebill is located in the front part of the skull, not two sides like most birds, it allows him to see everything three-dimensional.
Kitagawa – rare birds, their population is about 10 thousand. Man is destroying the habitat of these birds and ravage their nests. The species listed in the Red Book.
The shoebill was opened in 1849, less than a year he was already scientifically described.
2. Glass Frog (lat. Centrolenidae)
Glass frog – a family of tailless amphibians.
At first glance it seems that these frogs is quite common. But if you look at their bellies, we can understand why they are called glass. Through the bellies of frogs can be seen all the internal organs. The skin on the belly are transparent.
Europeans first discovered these frogs in 1872 in Ecuador. Of representatives of this family can be found in the North-Western part of South America, Central America and other areas of South America.
Currently, described more than 150 species of glass frogs. Glass frogs are usually not very large, their size ranges from 3 to 7.5 centimeters. Live frogs are usually on trees in mountain forests and only during the breeding season reach the water.
Glass frogs lay their eggs on the leaves of trees or shrubs growing directly over the water, although one species more attractive for laying their eggs are the rocks near the waterfalls.
Anyway, as soon as the tadpoles hatch from eggs, they immediately fall into the water from height continue to live and develop in water.
3. The platypus (lat. Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
The platypus is one of the most unusual animals in the world. The platypus is the only modern representative of the family utkonosovka. The platypus belongs to the class of mammals. This unique animal is one of the symbols of Australia. The platypus is depicted on the reverse of the Australian 20 cents.
The platypus was first discovered in the 18th century, the time of colonization of New South Wales. At the time defined it as “animal amphibian of the genus moles”.
In England first brought the skin of the platypus in 1797, then unusual animal caused a fierce debate in the scientific community. First, the skin was considered a fake Taxidermist. But doubts have been shed to George Shaw, who investigated the skin in the presence of the stitches and did not find them. He gave the name of new species in 1799.
The platypus is a poisonous mammal. The males have a spur on their hind legs, of which during the mating season toxins. The venom of the platypus can kill a small animal, but not human. In humans, it will cause severe pain and injection site swelling formed, which spread to the entire limb.
4. Tapir (lat. Tapirus)
Tapirs herbivores from the squad equids, reminiscent in appearance of a pig with a trunk.
The average size of tapirs – the length is about 2 meters, height of about one meter, weight 100-300 kg.
Earlier, the tapirs were very common, but today there are only 5 types.
Common tapirs in Central and South America and Southeast Asia.
Despite the large number of predators that feed on tapirs, the main enemy of tapirs is human. Hunt tapirs for their meat and skin have significantly reduced their population. The tapirs are threatened with extinction. Tapirs are listed in the Red Book.
5. Fantastic listovoi Gecko (lat. Uroplatus phantasticus)
This strange creature lives in the forests of Madagascar. It is quite difficult to notice, because body shape and color it is similar to the dry leaf. Red eyes of some individuals, they have obtained the name a fantastic or satanic geckos. The habitat of this species – North and Central Madagascar.
Body length of adult individuals of 9-14 cm, most of which is long, flat tail that looks like a sheet. The color of the Gecko can vary from grey and brown to green and yellow.
For the first time this species of Gecko was discovered in 1888 by the Belgian naturalist George albert Balangero.
The species is under threat of extinction due to uncontrolled fishing and destruction of their natural habitat.
6. Zvezdano (lat. Condylura cristata)
Zvezdano or Zvezdara very unusual mammal that lives in North America. On the face Zvezdnoe from twenty-two skin growths in the form of a star. Such a nose adapted for digging underground tunnels and works perfectly as an organ of touch. The rays of the nose are moving very quickly, testing the edibility of all objects in its path.
Animals are great swimmers and find food not only on land but also in water. They mainly feed on worms, mollusks, larvae, small crustaceans.
The natural enemies of zvezdunov: owls and other birds of prey, mustelids and skunk. Human activities greatly reduced the natural habitat of zvezdunov. However, zvezdnoy do not belong to rare and endangered species.
7. Seahorse-the ragpicker (lat. Phycodurus eques)
Seahorse, the ragpicker, ragpicker, or a species of marine ray-finned fish of the family of a needle. Body length can reach 35 see the Distinctive feature of fish are the numerous flat translucent appendages that mimic the thallus of algae. These processes need to disguise from enemies.
The ragpicker moved by pectoral and dorsal fins. These small fins are almost completely transparent, they must very often (10 times per second), providing a dimensional rocking fish on the waves, creating the illusion of floating seaweed. Maximum speed — 150 m/h.
Lives in the South-East and South-West coast of Australia in the Indian ocean. Usually found in shallow water at depths from 4 to 30 m.
Feeds on plankton, mishigami, algae. The rag-pickers are under threat of destruction due to industrial emissions, as well as becoming instances of the collections of divers-Amateurs. Taken under protection by the Australian government.
8. The Australian echidna (LVL. Tachyglossus aculeatus)
Australian echidna – a kind of egg-laying mammals of the family echenevex. The only representative of the genus of vipers.
Australian echidna was first described in 1792 by English zoologist George Shaw, and he also gave it its name, mistakenly identifying the anteaters. After 10 years Edward home found in the echidna and platypus are similar trait – the cloaca, on the basis of this discovery and was allocated the squad a single pass.
The Australian echidna is found in Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea and on Islands in the bass Strait.
Externally, the echidna looks like a hedgehog – all her body covered with stiff coarse hairs, while the sides and back studded with long, 5 – 6cm, needles yellow in color with black tips. In length the Australian echidna grows to 50 cm, with a weight up to 7 kg. the Tail and ears are so small that almost invisible.
Muzzle vipers have a very oblong, to 7.5 cm in length, and plays a critical role in the life of the animal, as his sight is weak, and environment is known mostly through the sense of smell and hearing. Mouth, which is a very small hole on the end faces, has no teeth, but it fit sticky tongue having a length of 25 cm With the help of this tool echidna produces his own food, consisting of termites, ants, worms and other small insects, what is similar to a giant anteater. Powerful front paws, equipped with claws that allow her to destroy the walls of termite mounds, after which the course is language.
Australian echidna are nocturnal and very secretive.
Its main defense — spines; disturbed echidna rolls up in a ball like a hedgehog, and if you have time, partially buried in the ground, putting the enemy back with the raised needles. To get echidna from the dug holes very difficult because it strongly depends on paws and needles.
Australian echidna common in Australia and Tasmania and does not apply to endangered species. Vipers tolerate the content in captivity, but do not breed. To the Australian offspring of the vipers managed only five zoos
9. The Yeti crab (lat. Kiwa hirsuta)
Kiwa hirsuta or “Yeti Crab” was first discovered in 2005 at a depth of 2228 m in the South Pacific ocean in 1500 kilometers from Easter island.
Expedition under the leadership of Robert Vrijenhoek and Michel Segonzac during dives aboard the manned submersible Alvin watched several times these large white crayfish around active hydrothermal vents.
15-centimeter cancer body covered with numerous plumose setae, which contain filamentous bacteria, cleaning the water from toxic to cancer compounds and may serve food for him.
10. Fish-Drop (lat. Psychrolutes marcidus)
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Fish-drop – one of the most bizarre ocean deep sea fish, is endemic to Australia. Swims at depths of 600 to 1200 meters off the coast of Australia.
Size of fish-drop of about 30 – 35 cm (up to 60). The body of the fish-drops jelly-like and watery, so it got this name. The fish is no developed muscles, she swims gaping maw, or sits in one place and swallows small invertebrates.
The species are poorly known. Despite the presentable appearance, the people in Asian countries consider the meat of fish-drop of delicacy.
Is under threat of extinction because of the expansion of deep sea fisheries, as it increasingly comes in the network, together with crabs and lobsters.
The structure of the front of the head gives the impression that the fish are constantly frowns and is unhappy “facial expression” which the fish occupies the first place in the rankings of the most bizarre creatures. Because of the unusual appearance of the fish has become a popular character in Internet memes and is often included in lists of “most bizarre creatures”.
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