The most scenic roads of our planet.
We have chosen ten of the most interesting roads on four continents, which might be a good place for travel.
The most famous road in the USA is the famous historic Route 66 (also known as a “Road mother”), linking Chicago, Illinois with Santa Monica, California. Its length – more than 4 thousand kilometers. Stretching from West to East, the road crosses 7 States. No wonder that along the way you can meet a variety of landscapes, from the Grand Canyon and the Mississippi river to the Arizona deserts and the Pacific beaches of southern California.
Route 66, one of the oldest in the United States, was built in 1926. However, only by 1936, it became fully paved. Now the road has the status of historical and is not included in the highway system of the United States because most of it is duplicated in more modern high-speed tracks. The road officially decommissioned in 1984, but a social movement for the preservation of historic route gave results. Enjoy a trip past the Ghost towns, small historic museums, and eateries from the middle of the last century until now, although the old road has been preserved only scattered segments.
The great Ocean Road in Australia (Great Ocean Road) stretches for 243 kilometers along the Pacific coast of the state of Victoria. It connects the cities of Torquay and Allansford. The highway takes you past famous landmarks: the coastal cliffs of the London Arch (London Arch) and the 12 apostles (The Twelve Apostles) from natural limestone and Sandstone, rainforest and national Park.
The road began in 1919, immediately after the return of Australian soldiers from the war. These 3 thousand soldiers and launched the construction of the highway, almost not using any construction equipment (other than picks, shovels and trucks). It was conceived as a military memorial to the victims of the First world war with the functional load: the highway connected towns on the coast and was supposed to attract tourists. During the existence of the different sections of the road were repeatedly destroyed due to landslides, collapses of rocks, storms and forest fires. Still it is in some places considered very dangerous for drivers.
Road Ruta 40 in Argentina (Ruta of Kwarenta)– one of the highest on earth. At the highest point it reaches 5 thousand meters above sea level, and its total length is equal to 5.2 thousand kilometers. The road goes from South to North from Tierra del Fuego to the border with Bolivia along the Andes mountain range, crossing the 21 national parks, 18 rivers and 27 mountain passes.
Ruta 40 is paved, not entirely: in remote and sparsely populated areas in the North and in the South in Patagonia it has a primer and is suitable only for four wheel drive vehicles. In the heart of Patagonia highway is very dangerous due to strong side winds, literally blew cars off the road, and lack of mobile communication. The road is considered suitable for movement from March to December. At this time it will run tourist buses
An incredibly scenic road under a complex called Atlanterhavsveien (Atlantic road) connects several Islands of Norway in the Atlantic ocean. Its extent is small – only 8.72 km. The highway runs along the Northern coast of the Atlantic ocean and consists of roads and 12 bridges, intricately connecting the Islands. Until the middle of 1970-ies of the cars they were delivered only by ferry, but the ferries could no longer cope with growing load. In windy weather, the waves break directly on the road, because it passes in a few meters from the water.
Atlanterhavsveien is part of the 36-kilometre long national tourist route No. 64 (Budget of Korog). Its construction ended in 1989, after which the highway 10 years was paid. Then the fare has been cancelled.
The 21-kilometer highway Desfiladero de la Hermida (Desfiladero de La Hermida) in Spain is based on the eponymous national Park, known for its main attraction – the gorge Hermida. Gorge Hermida tightly surrounded by high cliffs, which the sun enters for only a few minutes a day. In some places the depth of the gorge reaches 600 meters. It is in the Liébana valley — the most beautiful and impressive in Cantabria.
Romantic road (Romantische Strasse) in Germany passes through 60 cities and ends in the Bavarian Alps. Its length is 290 miles. Tourist route links the towns of würzburg (Würzburg) and füssen (Füssen). On the way – numerous medieval castles, villages and towns with rich history, river valleys and mountain landscapes.
In contrast to previous roads, that there is nothing dangerous. It is in German, refined and perfectly habitable.
Napoleon road (Route napoléon) in France with a length of 325 kilometers, allows travelers to see the regions of Provence — Alpes — côte d’azur and rhône-Alpes. Route Napoleon follows the path of the Emperor Napoleon after his return from exile on Elba island. On 1 March 1815 Napoleon landed on the shores in the Gulf of Juan. Customs guards immediately moved to his side. Cannes and Grasse also did not resist, but rather welcomed ruler. Similarly did the residents and guards of the cities of Grenoble and Lyon. March 20, Napoleon arrived in Paris, where he met with jubilation.
Next in our program – Furka (Furka Pass) in the mountain of Switzerland. This is one of the highest roads in Europe — 2 436 meters above sea level. Overcoming the Furka pass generously travellers memorable views of the Swiss Alps. It was here that he directed the film “Goldfinger” James bond. The road connects the valleys of Urserental in the upper reaches of the river Reuss (Canton of URI) and the valley of the Rhone river (Canton of Valais).
The pass of the Stelvio (Stelvio Pass) in Italy. Here the road descends the mountain slopes with bizarre turns.
The saddle height — 2757 meters above sea level. The road length is 24 km. It is the most difficult part of the route of the Cycling race Giro d’italia.
And finally, the Romanian Transfagarasan road (Transfagarasan) — a great road through the Carpathian mountains, open for traffic from June to October. At other times of the year it unsafe. Highway with a length of 261 kilometers connects the Romanian region Wallachia and Transylvania and travels through the mountain in the Fagaras mountains. The highest point is 2034 meters above sea level. The road was built in 1970-1974 the means and forces of the Romanian army on the orders of the head of state, Nicolae Ceausescu. Its construction cost a huge amount of money. It is known that only one of dynamite were used about 6,000 tons. In the vicinity of the route are the famous attractions of Romania: mountain lake and bâlea waterfall, fortress Poenari, known as the residence of count Dracula and a giant dam on lake Vidraru.
In 2009, the highway was visited by the film crew of Top Gear. Jeremy Clarkson called the Transfagarasan highway, the best road to drive on sports cars.
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